Portal:Pink Floyd

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Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965. They achieved international acclaim with their progressive and psychedelic music. Distinguished by their philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, extended compositions, and elaborate live shows, they are one of the most commercially successful and influential groups in popular music history.

Pink Floyd were founded by students Syd Barrett on guitar and lead vocals, Nick Mason on drums, Roger Waters on bass and vocals, and Richard Wright on keyboards and vocals. They gained popularity performing in London's underground music scene during the late 1960s, and under Barrett's leadership released two charting singles and a successful debut album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967). Guitarist and vocalist David Gilmour joined in December 1967; Barrett left in April 1968 due to deteriorating mental health. Waters became the band's primary lyricist and conceptual leader, devising the concepts behind their albums The Dark Side of the Moon (1973), Wish You Were Here (1975), Animals (1977), The Wall (1979) and The Final Cut (1983). The Dark Side of the Moon and The Wall became two of the best-selling albums of all time.

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The discography of English rock band Pink Floyd consists of 14 studio albums (one of which is a mixture of live and studio), three live albums (not re-counting the mixed album), six compilations, three box sets, one EP, 26 singles, 10 music videos, and four video albums.

Formed in 1964, Pink Floyd initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music.[1] They are known for philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, innovative cover art, and elaborate live shows. One of rock music's most successful acts, the group have sold over 200 million albums worldwide, including 74.5 million albums in the United States alone.[2][3][4]


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"Arnold Layne" was the first single released by British Psychedelic rock group Pink Floyd, shortly after landing a recording contract with EMI. The song was written by Syd Barrett, Pink Floyd's co-founder and original front man. Although not included on the band's debut album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (though it is included on the bonus disc of the CD version), "Arnold Layne" has come to be popular within fan circles, and is featured on numerous compilation albums of the band.


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Roger Waters Morumbi.jpg

George Roger Waters (born 6 September 1943 in Great Bookham, Surrey) is an English rock musician. He is best known as the bass player, co-lead singer, principal lyricist, founding member, and one of the main songwriters in the rock band Pink Floyd. Following his split with Pink Floyd, Waters began a solo career, releasing three studio albums, The Pros and Cons of Hitchhiking (1984), Radio K.A.O.S. (1987), and 1992's Amused to Death. In 1990, Waters staged one of the largest rock concerts ever, The Wall Concert in Berlin, on the vacant terrain between Potsdamer Platz and the Brandenburg Gate.

In 2005 he released the critically acclaimed opera, Ça Ira, which would go on to top the classical charts in America and Britain, as well as joining Nick Mason, Richard Wright and David Gilmour for a performance at the 2 July 2005 Live 8 concert in London's Hyde Park, Pink Floyd's first public performance with Waters in 24 years.

In 1964, Roger Waters co-founded Pink Floyd along with Syd Barrett, Richard Wright and Nick Mason. According to Nick Mason's 2004 book, Inside Out: A personal History of Pink Floyd, the Floyds first entered a recording studio in December 1964. Following the release of The Final Cut, Waters embarked on a solo career producing three concept albums, and a movie soundtrack which did not garner impressive sales. His solo work has managed critical acclaim and even some comparison to previous work with Pink Floyd


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The Final Cut is the twelfth studio album by English rock band Pink Floyd. It was first released on 21 March 1983 in the United Kingdom by Harvest Records and on 2 April 1983 in the United States by Columbia Records. It was the band's last album to feature founding member, bassist, and songwriter Roger Waters, who left in 1985; it is also the only Pink Floyd album for which Waters alone has writing credits, and the first not to feature keyboardist Richard Wright. As such, The Final Cut is sometimes viewed as a de facto Waters solo album.

Recorded in eight British studios from July to December 1982, production of The Final Cut was dominated by interpersonal conflict. Waters originally planned the album as a soundtrack for the 1982 film adaptation of their previous studio album The Wall (1979). With the onset of the Falklands War, he rewrote it as a concept album exploring what he considered the betrayal of his father, who died serving in the Second World War. Waters sings most of the lyrics, and lead guitarist David Gilmour provides lead vocals on one track.

Although it reached the top of the UK Albums Chart, the album received mixed reviews from critics. It was accompanied by a short film released in the same year.


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  1. ^ "Pink Floyd - Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-06-24.
  2. ^ "Gold & Platinum: Top Selling Artists". RIAA. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  3. ^ Fresco, Adam (11 July 2006). "Pink Floyd founder Syd Barrett dies at home". TimesOnline. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  4. ^ "Floyd 'true to Barrett's legacy'". BBC News. 11 July 2006. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
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