Portal:Pink Floyd

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Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965. They achieved international acclaim with their progressive and psychedelic music. Distinguished by their philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, extended compositions, and elaborate live shows, they are one of the most commercially successful and influential groups in popular music history.

Pink Floyd were founded by students Syd Barrett on guitar and lead vocals, Nick Mason on drums, Roger Waters on bass and vocals, and Richard Wright on keyboards and vocals. They gained popularity performing in London's underground music scene during the late 1960s, and under Barrett's leadership released two charting singles and a successful debut album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967). Guitarist and vocalist David Gilmour joined in December 1967; Barrett left in April 1968 due to deteriorating mental health. Waters became the band's primary lyricist and conceptual leader, devising the concepts behind their albums The Dark Side of the Moon (1973), Wish You Were Here (1975), Animals (1977), The Wall (1979) and The Final Cut (1983). The Dark Side of the Moon and The Wall became two of the best-selling albums of all time.

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The discography of English rock band Pink Floyd consists of 14 studio albums (one of which is a mixture of live and studio), three live albums (not re-counting the mixed album), six compilations, three box sets, one EP, 26 singles, 10 music videos, and four video albums.

Formed in 1964, Pink Floyd initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music.[1] They are known for philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, innovative cover art, and elaborate live shows. One of rock music's most successful acts, the group have sold over 200 million albums worldwide, including 74.5 million albums in the United States alone.[2][3][4]

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"Money" is the sixth track[5] from English band Pink Floyd's 1973 album The Dark Side of the Moon. Written by bassist Roger Waters, it opened side two of the original vinyl LP, and is the only song on the album to enter the top 20 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Money" is particularly notable for its unusual 7/4–4/4 time signature, its distinctive bassline and the seven-beat "loop" of money-related sound effects that opens the track: coins clinking, a cash register ringing, etc.

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Syd Barrett (6 January 1946 – 7 July 2006), born Roger Keith Barrett, English singer, songwriter, guitarist and artist. He is most remembered as a founding member of psychedelic rock band Pink Floyd, providing major musical and stylistic direction in their early work, although he left the group in 1968 amidst speculations of mental illness as a consequence of, or exacerbated by, heavy drug use.

He was active as a rock musician for about seven years, recording two albums with Pink Floyd and two solo albums before going into self-imposed seclusion lasting more than thirty years. His post rock-band life was as an artist and a keen gardener, ending with his death in 2006. During his withdrawal from public life there were numerous works about him, most notably his former band Pink Floyd's 1975 album Wish You Were Here. A number of biographies have been written about him since the 1980s.

Starting in 1964, the band that would become Pink Floyd underwent various line-up and name changes such as "The Abdabs", "The Screaming Abdabs", "Sigma 6" and "The Meggadeaths". In 1965, Barrett joined them as "The Tea Set", and when they found themselves playing a concert with a band of the same name, Barrett came up with the name "The Pink Floyd Sound" (later "The Pink Floyd"). According to a 2005 profile by a recent biographer Tim Willis, Barrett, who had reverted to using his original name of Roger, continued to live in his late mother's semi-detached home in Cambridge, and had returned to his original art-form of painting, creating large abstract canvases. He was also said to have been an avid gardener.

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The Dark Side of the Moon is the 6th studio album by English progressive rock group Pink Floyd, and was released in March 1973. The concept album built on ideas explored by the band in their live shows and earlier recordings, but it lacks the extended instrumental excursions that characterised their work following the departure of founding member, principal composer, and lyricist Syd Barrett, in 1968. The album's themes include conflict, greed, ageing, and mental illness, the latter partly inspired by Barrett's deteriorating mental state.

The album was developed as part of a forthcoming tour of live performances, and premièred several months before studio recording began. The new material was further refined during the tour, and was recorded in two sessions in 1972 and 1973 at Abbey Road Studios in London. The group used some of the most advanced recording techniques of the time, including multitrack recording and tape loops.

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Pink Floyd, Dark Side of the Moon tour, Earls Court 1973


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  1. ^ "Pink Floyd - Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-06-24.
  2. ^ "Gold & Platinum: Top Selling Artists". RIAA. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  3. ^ Fresco, Adam (11 July 2006). "Pink Floyd founder Syd Barrett dies at home". TimesOnline. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  4. ^ "Floyd 'true to Barrett's legacy'". BBC News. 11 July 2006. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  5. ^ The track number depends upon the edition of the album; some releases merge the two tracks "Speak to Me" and "Breathe".
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