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Beach of Pichilemu in 2008.

Pichilemu (Mapudungun: Small forest) is a beach resort city in central Chile. It is the capital of Cardenal Caro Province, and it is home to five historic monuments of Chile (Agustín Ross Cultural Centre (ex-Casino), Agustín Ross Park, Pichilemu railway station, El Árbol tunnel and Caballo de Agua) and was declared a "Zona Típica" (English: Traditional Area or Heritage Site) by National Monuments Council in 2004. As of 2002, 12,392 people were residing in Pichilemu.

Pichilemu was founded on December 22, 1891 by decree of President Jorge Montt and his Interior Minister Manuel José Irarrázabal. It was conceived as a beach resort for upper-class Chileans by Agustín Ross Edwards, a Chilean politician and member of the Ross Edwards family.

The city is part of District No. 35 and belongs to the 9th senatorial constituency of O'Higgins Region electoral division. Pichilemu is the main beach in O'Higgins Region, known as a place to surf, windsurf and funboard. Several surf championships take place in the city.

Tourism is the main industry of the city, but forestry and handicraft are also important. Pichilemu has many expansive dark sand beaches. Surfing competitions are frequently held at Punta de Lobos, which according to Fodor's is "widely considered the best surfing in South America year-round."

Selected article

Pichilemu post office building, in February 2010.
Pichilemu post office building (Spanish: Edificio de la Oficina de Correos de Pichilemu) is a building located in Pichilemu, Chile, which served as the city's post office until February 26, the day before 2010 Chile earthquake took place.

It was demolished between July 2 until July 3, 2010.

The building worked as post office since the 1990s, and it is located in front of Pichilemu's police (Carabineros) station.

Selected biography

José María Caro.
José María Caro Rodríguez (Pichilemu, June 23, 1866 – December 4, 1958) was a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Santiago from 1939 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII.

José Caro Rodríguez was born in Cahuil, O'Higgins, as the fourth of the nine children of José María Caro Martínez and his wife Rita Rodríguez Cornejo. After attending a local school, he entered the seminary in Santiago in 1881. Caro then went to Rome in 1887, studying at the Pontifical Collegio Pio-Latinoamericano and the Pontifical Gregorian University until 1891. Ordained to the priesthood on December 20, 1890, he returned to Chile in October 1891 and then taught preparatory studies and philosophy at the Santiago seminary.

Did you know?

Jorge Vargas González.

On this day in Pichilemu history...

Coat of arms of Pichilemu.
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Selected picture

Main beach-pichilemu-2010eq edit.jpg
Photo credit: Diego Grez
Panoramic view of Pichilemu beach on February 27, 2010, shortly after 2010 Chile earthquake and its destructive tsunami.

In the news

Wikinews Pichilemu portal
  • September 9: Wikinews interviews Diego Grez, Chilean earthquake survivor
  • April 1: Roberto Córdova wins Concertación primary elections in Pichilemu, Chile
  • November 1: Fire in Pichilemu, Chile kills family of five
  • June 4: Brazilian surfer wins world championship in Pichilemu, Chile
  • May 28: Paraguayan ambassador to Chile visits Pichilemu hacienda after 'slavery' controversy
  • April 21: Surfer dies at beach in Pichilemu, Chile
  • March 29: Cardenal Caro Province governor: Pichilemu Municipality to leave 107 families homeless
  • March 12: Special report on Japanese tsunami emergency in Pichilemu, Chile
  • February 21: 2011 'Pichileminian Week' ends
  • January 2: 7.1 magnitude earthquake strikes Araucanía, Chile; no tsunami warning



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