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The Pichilemu city hall, as seen in April 2011

Pichilemu (Mapudungun: Small forest, pronounced [pitʃiˈlemu] (About this sound listen)), originally known as Pichilemo, is a beach resort city and commune in central Chile, and capital of Cardenal Caro Province. The commune comprises an urban centre and twenty-two villages, such as Ciruelos, Cáhuil, and Espinillo. It is located southwest of Santiago, the capital of Chile. Pichilemu had over 13,000 residents as of 2012.

The Pichilemu area was long populated by the indigenous Promaucaes. European-Chilean development began in the mid-sixteenth century, as conquistador Pedro de Valdivia gave Juan Gómez de Almagro the Topocalma encomienda (which included the current territory of Pichilemu) in January 1541. Pichilemu was established as a subdelegation on 16 August 1867, and later as an "autonomous commune" on 22 December 1891, by decree of the President Jorge Montt and Interior Minister Manuel José Irarrázabal. Agustín Ross Edwards, a Chilean politician and member of the Ross Edwards family, planned to develop it as a beach resort on the Pacific Ocean for upper-class Chileans.

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Damage at the Ross Park of Pichilemu.
The 2010 Pichilemu earthquake (Spanish: Terremoto de Pichilemu de 2010) was a 6.9 magnitude earthquake that occurred on 11 March 2010, at 11:39 local time (14:39 UTC). It was positioned northwest of Pichilemu, O'Higgins Region, Chile. The Hawaii-based Pacific Tsunami Warning Center pointed out the possibility of local tsunamis within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the epicenter, although only small waves were seen in the Pichilemu area. One person was reported dead.

The earthquake was caused by increased regional stress arising from an earthquake on 27 February, centered offshore Maule Region, which was felt throughout central Chile. The 11 March earthquake was at first thought to be aftershocks from the 27 February event, but University of Chile Seismologist Jaime Campos identified it as an "independent earthquake". At least 11 aftershocks immediately followed, causing panic throughout coastal towns between the Coquimbo and Los Lagos regions.

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José María Caro.
José María Caro Rodríguez (Pichilemu, June 23, 1866 – December 4, 1958) was a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Santiago from 1939 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII.

José Caro Rodríguez was born in Cahuil, O'Higgins, as the fourth of the nine children of José María Caro Martínez and his wife Rita Rodríguez Cornejo. After attending a local school, he entered the seminary in Santiago in 1881. Caro then went to Rome in 1887, studying at the Pontifical Collegio Pio-Latinoamericano and the Pontifical Gregorian University until 1891. Ordained to the priesthood on December 20, 1890, he returned to Chile in October 1891 and then taught preparatory studies and philosophy at the Santiago seminary.

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Jorge Montt

On this day in Pichilemu history...

Coat of arms of Pichilemu.
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In the news

Wikinews Pichilemu portal
  • September 9: Wikinews interviews Diego Grez, Chilean earthquake survivor
  • April 1: Roberto Córdova wins Concertación primary elections in Pichilemu, Chile
  • November 1: Fire in Pichilemu, Chile kills family of five
  • June 4: Brazilian surfer wins world championship in Pichilemu, Chile
  • May 28: Paraguayan ambassador to Chile visits Pichilemu hacienda after 'slavery' controversy
  • April 21: Surfer dies at beach in Pichilemu, Chile
  • March 29: Cardenal Caro Province governor: Pichilemu Municipality to leave 107 families homeless
  • March 12: Special report on Japanese tsunami emergency in Pichilemu, Chile
  • February 21: 2011 'Pichileminian Week' ends
  • January 2: 7.1 magnitude earthquake strikes Araucanía, Chile; no tsunami warning



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