Portal:Patna

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Introduction

Patna Montage 2014.jpg

Patna /ˈpætnə, ˈpʌt-/ (About this sound listen) is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. Patna is the second-largest city in eastern India after Kolkata. It had an estimated population of 1.68 million in 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With over 2 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna also serves as the seat of Patna High Court.

One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world, Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. Patliputra was home to many astrologers and scholars including Aryabhata, Panini, Vātsyāyana, Chanakya and Kālidāsa. Its population during the Maurya period (around 300 BCE) was about 400,000. Patna served as the seat of power, political and cultural centre of Indian subcontinent during the Maurya and Gupta empires. With the fall of Gupta Empire, Patna lost its glory. It was revived again in the 17th century by the British as a centre of international trade. Following the partition of Bengal presidency in 1912, Patna became the capital of Bihar and Orissa Province.

Selected biography

Meira Kumar.jpg

Meira Kumar is an Indian politician and five-time Member of Parliament who was the United Progressive Alliance nominee for President of India in the 2017 election. She was elected unopposed as the first woman Speaker of Lok Sabha and served from 2009 to 2014. Prior to being a member of the 15th Lok Sabha, she had been elected earlier to the 8th, 11th, 12th and 14th Lok Sabha. She served as a Cabinet Minister in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment of Manmohan Singh's Congress led Government (2004–2009).

Kumar was the joint presidential candidate by the leading opposition parties for 2017 presidential election and lost the election to the NDA nominee Ram Nath Kovind, but made a record for obtaining the most number of votes ever by a losing candidate (3,67,314 Electoral votes). She is also a lawyer and a former diplomat. Read more...

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Golghar

The Golghar or Gol Ghar (Hindi: गोलघर), ("Round house"), located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan. It is a granary built by Captain John Garstin, in 1786. After the devastating famine of 1770, which killed nearly 10 million people in regions of Bengal, Bihar and modern day Bangladesh, Warren Hastings, then Governor-General of India, ordered the construction of this beehive shaped structure for the purpose of storing grains for the British Army. It was conceived and built by Captain John Garstin, an engineer with the East India Company, and has a storage capacity of 140000 tons. Its construction was completed on 20 July 1786.

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Sahid Smarak.JPG
Credit: Manoj nav

The Martyr's Memorial, also known as Shaheed Smarak, is a life-size statue of seven young men who sacrificed their lives in the Quit India movement (August 1942), to hoist the national flag on the (now) Secretariat building. The foundation stone of Martyr's Memorial was laid on 15 August 1947, by the governor of Bihar, Mr. Jairam Das Daulatram. The sculptor Deviprasad Roychoudhury built the bronze statue of the seven students with the national flag. These statues were cast in Italy and later placed here.


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Did you know ...

  • ...Patna has the world's longest free WiFi zone which covers a 20 km stretch. TOI
  • ...that Patna,capital of Bihar is second in terms of ease of starting a business,according to a World Bank ranking announced in 2009.
  • ...Patna,Capital of Bihar, has been ranked as 21st fastest growing city in the world and 5th fastest growing city in India,by City Mayors Foundation.Citymayors
  • ...Patna has the lowest percentage of slum population (0.25%) among the Indian cities. Citymayors

Kankarbagh

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Kankarbagh is a neighbourhood and residential posh area in Patna. Once touted as Asia's largest colony, is now one of the largest colonies of Asia and population wise it is Asia second largest colony. Kankarbagh colony, or garden of kankar (stone chips) is spread in an area of around 900 acres. This colony is divided sector wise. In K'bagh one can also find small parks in almost all the colonies and blocks. There is sports complex also in this colony, known as Patliputra Sports Complex. Kankarbagh Circle covers 11 Wards of Patna Municipal Corporation, ward number being 29-35, 44-46 and 55. The main area covered under this circle is New ByPass road area, Kankarbagh road area, Chirayyar railways bridge area, Gandhi setu road area and Saidpur area.

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