Portal:Patna

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Patna /ˈpætnə, ˈpʌt-/ (About this sound listen) is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. Patna is the second-largest city in eastern India after Kolkata. It had an estimated city population of 1.68 million in 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With over 2 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna also serves as the seat of Patna High Court.

One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world, Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. Patliputra was home to many astrologers and scholars including Aryabhata, Panini, Vātsyāyana, Chanakya and Kālidāsa. Its population during the Maurya period (around 300 BCE) was about 400,000. Patna served as the seat of power, political and cultural centre of Indian subcontinent during the Maurya and Gupta empires. With the fall of Gupta Empire, Patna lost its glory. It was revived again in the 17th century by the British as a centre of international trade. Following the partition of Bengal presidency in 1912, Patna became the capital of Bihar and Orissa Province.

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A c. 1st century BCE/CE relief from Sanchi, showing Ashoka on his chariot, visiting the Nagas at Ramagrama.

Ashoka (English: /əˈʃkə/; Sanskritized as IAST: Aśoka), or in contemporary Prakrit Asoka (𑀅𑀲𑁄𑀓), sometimes Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to 232 BCE. The grandson of the founder of the Maurya Dynasty, Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka promoted the spread of Buddhism. One of India's greatest emperors,[according to whom?] Ashoka expanded Chandragupta's empire to reign over a realm stretching from present-day Afghanistan in the west to Bangladesh in the east. It covered the entire Indian subcontinent except for parts of present-day Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. The empire's capital was Pataliputra (in Magadha, present-day Patna), with provincial capitals at Taxila and Ujjain.

Ashoka waged a destructive war against the state of Kalinga (modern Odisha), which he conquered in about 260 BCE. In about 263 BCE, he converted to Buddhism after witnessing the mass deaths of the Kalinga War, which he had waged out of a desire for conquest and which reportedly directly resulted in more than 100,000 deaths and 150,000 deportations. He is remembered for the Ashoka pillars and edicts, for sending Buddhist monks to Sri Lanka and Central Asia, and for establishing monuments marking several significant sites in the life of Gautama Buddha. Read more...

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Golghar

The Golghar or Gol Ghar (Hindi: गोलघर), ("Round house"), located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan. It is a granary built by Captain John Garstin, in 1786. After the devastating famine of 1770, which killed nearly 10 million people in regions of Bengal, Bihar and modern day Bangladesh, Warren Hastings, then Governor-General of India, ordered the construction of this beehive shaped structure for the purpose of storing grains for the British Army. It was conceived and built by Captain John Garstin, an engineer with the East India Company, and has a storage capacity of 140000 tons. Its construction was completed on 20 July 1786.

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Did you know ...

  • ...Patna has the world's longest free WiFi zone which covers a 20 km stretch. TOI
  • ...that Patna,capital of Bihar is second in terms of ease of starting a business,according to a World Bank ranking announced in 2009.
  • ...Patna,Capital of Bihar, has been ranked as 21st fastest growing city in the world and 5th fastest growing city in India,by City Mayors Foundation.Citymayors
  • ...Patna has the lowest percentage of slum population (0.25%) among the Indian cities. Citymayors

Kankarbagh

TV Tower Patna.jpg

Kankarbagh is a neighbourhood and residential posh area in Patna. Once touted as Asia's largest colony, is now one of the largest colonies of Asia and population wise it is Asia second largest colony. Kankarbagh colony, or garden of kankar (stone chips) is spread in an area of around 900 acres. This colony is divided sector wise. In K'bagh one can also find small parks in almost all the colonies and blocks. There is sports complex also in this colony, known as Patliputra Sports Complex. Kankarbagh Circle covers 11 Wards of Patna Municipal Corporation, ward number being 29-35, 44-46 and 55. The main area covered under this circle is New ByPass road area, Kankarbagh road area, Chirayyar railways bridge area, Gandhi setu road area and Saidpur area.

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