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Flag of the Paraguayan Republic
Coat of Arms of the Paraguayan Republic
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Paraguay /ˈpɛərəɡw/ (About this sound listen), officially the Republic of Paraguay (Spanish: República del Paraguay, pronounced [reˈpuβlika ðel paɾaˈɣwai]; Guaraní: Tetã Paraguái [teˈtã paɾaˈɣʷaj]), is a landlocked country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the country from north to south. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de América, or the Heart of America.[1]

As of 2009 the population was estimated at 6.3 million. The capital and largest city is Asunción. The official languages are Spanish and Guaraní, both being widely spoken in the country. Most of the population are mestizos.

The Guaraní have been living in Paraguay since prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century, when Paraguay became part of the Spanish colonial empire. Paraguay gained independence from Spain in 1811.

More about... Paraguay

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Paraguay campaña 01.png
Paraguay campaign (1810-1811): A militia, commanded by Manuel Belgrano, made its way up to the Intendency of Paraguay. The first battle was fought in Campichuelo and the Argentines claimed victory. However, they were completely vanquished in the subsequent battles of Paraguarí and Tacuarí. This campaign ended in a military failure, but Paraguay broke its links with the Spanish crown just two months after Belgrano's withdrawal.

Selected biography

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Francisco Solano López
B. (1826-07-24)July 24, 1826 – d. March 1, 1870(1870-03-01) (aged 43)

Francisco Solano López Carrillo (24 July 1826 – 1 March 1870) was president of Paraguay from 1862 until his death in 1870. He was the eldest son of president Carlos Antonio López, whom he succeeded.

Solano López is widely regarded as being responsible for the Paraguayan War, which led to his death.

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  • Paraguay celebrates its bicentennial (pictured).
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Sunset at Villa Florida

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  1. ^ Paraguay, corazón de América (1961)
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