Portal:Ottawa

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OttawaCollage.png

Ottawa (/ˈɒtəwə/ (About this sound listen), /-wɑː/; French pronunciation: ​[ɔtawa]) is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; the two form the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR). As of 2016, Ottawa had a city population of 934,243 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada.

Founded in 1826 as Bytown, and incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which significantly increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of which is derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade".

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The Ottawa River timber trade, was the nineteenth century production of wood products by Canada on areas of the Ottawa River destined for British and American markets. It was the major industry of the historical colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada and it created an entrepreneur known as a lumber baron. The trade in squared timber and later sawed lumber led to population growth and prosperity to communities in the Ottawa Valley, especially the city of Ottawa, the capital of Canada. The product was chiefly red and white pine. The industry lasted until around 1900 as both markets and supplies decreased. Entrepreneurs in the United States at that time then began to build their operations near the Ottawa River, creating some of the world's largest sawmills at the time. These men, known as lumber barons, with names such as John Rudolphus Booth and Henry Franklin Bronson created mills which contributed to the prosperity and growth of Ottawa. The sawed lumber industry benefited from transportation improvements, first the Rideau Canal linking Ottawa with Kingston, Ontario on Lake Ontario, and much later railways that began to be created between Canadian cities.
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Ottawa Post Office Sappers Bridge Dufferin Bridge2.jpg

Sappers Bridge was one of Ottawa's first bridges (Bytown at the time), built in 1827 over the Rideau Canal connecting Rideau Street in Lower Town with Upper Town. The bridge got its name from the builders, the Royal Sappers and Miners. The dufferin bridge was under construction in 1874, forming a triangle with the existing Sappers Bridge. In 1912, both the Sappers Bridge and the Dufferin Bridge were demolished in favour of Connaught Place, today part of Confederation Square.

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Barbara-Ann Scott, OC, O.Ont (born May 9, 1928 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian retired figure skater. She is the 1948 Olympic Champion. Barbara began skating at a very young age with the Minto Skating Club of Ottawa. She was only eleven years old when she won her first Canadian national junior title. Two years later, in 1942, the thirteen-year-old became the first female to ever land a double lutz in competition.

During her 40s she was rated among the top equestrians in North American. She remained active in skating by volunteering her time as a figure skating judge. She has been awarded with many honours and accolades, including being made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1991 and a member of the Order of Ontario in 2009 for her contributions to sports and for charitable works.

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The Ottawa-Gatineau skyline with Autoroute 50 in the foreground.

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