Portal:Oman

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Introduction

Flag of Oman.svg

Oman (/ˈmɑːn/ (About this sound listen) oh-MAHN; Arabic: عمانʻumān [ʕʊˈmaːn]), officially the Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: سلطنة عُمانSalṭanat ʻUmān), is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Holding a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the country shares land borders with the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Oman on the northeast. The Madha and Musandam exclaves are surrounded by the UAE on their land borders, with the Strait of Hormuz (which it shares with Iran) and Gulf of Oman forming Musandam's coastal boundaries.

From the late 17th century, the Omani Sultanate was a powerful empire, vying with Portugal and Britain for influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak in the 19th century, Omani influence or control extended across the Strait of Hormuz to modern-day Iran and Pakistan, and as far south as Zanzibar. As its power declined in the 20th century, the sultanate came under the influence of the United Kingdom.[citation needed] Historically, Muscat was the principal trading port of the Persian Gulf region. Muscat was also among the most important trading ports of the Indian Ocean. Oman's official religion is Islam.

Selected article

The Hajjar Mountains rise behind Nakhal Fort
The Hajar Mountains (Arabic: جبال الحجر‎) (Arabic for stone mountains) in northeastern Oman and also the eastern United Arab Emirates are the highest mountain range in the eastern Arabian peninsula. They separate the low coastal plain of Oman from the high desert plateau, and lie 50–100 km inland from the Gulf of Oman coast.

Selected biography

Late Moosa AbdulRahman Hassan.jpg
Hajj Moosa AbdulRahman Hassan was an Omani businessman, tribal leader, landlord and a Gulf icon. He was born in the old town of Muscat in 1902 and finished his studies in the American Mission School. He established a firm in 1927 in supplying coals and foodstuffs to British ships and frigates in Muscat, and went on to trade in many other commodities during a long career.

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WikiProjects

This Portal is maintained by WikiProject Oman.

Selected picture

Oman-Oasis.jpg
Credit: Hendrik Dacquin aka loufi

A scene in the desert of Oman, typifying its extremely hot and dry climate

Did you know ...

  • ... that two foiled attacks by N.D.F.L.O.A.G. guerrillas in June 1970 sparked a conspiracy to overthrow the Sultan of Oman?
  • ... that the expression "going round the bend" is said to come from operators stationed on Telegraph Island who were desperate to escape to India by sailing round the bend in the Strait of Hormuz?

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