Portal:Northwest Territories

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The Northwest Territories Portal

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The Northwest Territories /ˌnɔːrθˌwɛst ˈtɛrɪtɔːrz/ (NWT or NT; French, les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO) is a federal territory of Canada.

Located in northern Canada, the territory borders Canada's two other territories, Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, and three provinces: British Columbia to the southwest, Alberta and Saskatchewan to the south. It has a land area of 1,140,835 square kilometres (440,000 sq mi) and a population of 41,464 as of the 2006 census, an increase of 11.0% from 2001. In 1967 Yellowknife became the capital as a result of recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.

Geographical features include Great Bear Lake, the largest lake entirely within Canada, Keller Lake and Great Slave Lake, as well as the Mackenzie River and the canyons of the Nahanni National Park Reserve, a National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site. Territorial islands in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago include Banks Island, Borden Island, Prince Patrick Island, and parts of Victoria Island and Melville Island. The highest point is Mount Nirvana near the border with Yukon at an elevation of 2,773 metres (9,098 ft).

While Nunavut is mostly Arctic tundra, the Northwest Territories has a slightly warmer climate and is mostly boreal forest.

Coat of Arms of the Northwest Territories.svg More about...Northwest Territories, its history and diversity

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The history of Northwest Territories capital cities begins with the purchase of the Territories by Canada from the Hudson's Bay Company in 1869 and includes a varied and often difficult evolution. Northwest Territories is unique amongst the Canadian province or territory in that it has had seven capital cities in its history. The territory has changed the seat of government for numerous reasons, including civil conflict, development of infrastructure, and revised territorial boundaries.

The result of these changes has been a long and complex road to responsible government. Effectively providing services and representation for the population has been a particular challenge for the Territories' government, a task often complicated by the region's vast geographic area. A small number of communities in Northwest Territories have unsuccessfully tried to become the capital over the years. The territory has had the seat of government outside of its territorial boundaries twice in its history. The only other political division in Canada without a seat of government inside the territorial boundaries was the defunct District of Keewatin that existed from 1876 until 1905.

The term "capital" refers to cities that have served as home for the Legislative Assembly of Northwest Territories, the legislative branch of Northwest Territories government. In Canada, it is customary for provincial and territorial level government to have the civil service administer from the same city as the legislative branch and executive branch. The Northwest Territories, however, had an administrative capital and a legislative capital officially exist between 1911 and 1967. This is the only province or territory in Canadian history to have had such an arrangement.

In the early 1980s, the territory began a process that would see it divide itself. A new capital was needed for the brand new territory of Nunavut created out of the eastern half of the Northwest Territories as they existed from 1911 to 1999. Lessons were learned from the past changes in the seat of power, and a referendum was put to the territorial residents.

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In the news

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Wikinews Northwest Territories portal

  • October 29: CMHC: housing market in Canada 'highly vulnerable'
  • October 15: Abducted Canadian-US couple recovered from Pakistan's tribal areas
  • October 7: Canadian government settles lawsuit over children 'scooped' out of indigenous communities
  • September 21: US toy retail giant Toys R Us files for bankruptcy in US, Canada
  • September 6: Tim Curry, TV premiere screenings, cosplay feature at Fan Expo Canada
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Current events on Wikinews

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Proclamation concerning the admission of Rupert's Land and the North-West Territories to Canada 1869-1874.
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Northwest Territories categories

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Periodically, this section is updated with a stub in dire need of attention. These stubs were chosen because they are considered an important article but have not been sufficiently developed.

Politics of the Northwest Territories

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WikiProject Canadian Territories
The WikiProject Canadian Territories is the group that oversees Northwest Territories related topics.

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