Portal:North Rhine-Westphalia

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Selected1 panorama

Wölanburg in Harsewinkel
Wölanburg in Harsewinkel - photo by Daniel Brockpähler

Introduction

North Rhine-Westphalia location map 02.svg

Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg

North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen [ˈnɔɐ̯tʁaɪn vɛstˈfaːlən] (About this sound listen), usually shortened to NRW, official short form NW) is the westernmost, most populous, and economically most powerful state of Germany. The state was formed in 1946, by merger of two rather distinct territories of the historic Free State of Prussia: the Rhine Province and the Province of Westphalia. The former Free State of Lippe was joined in 1947.

North Rhine-Westphalia is situated "deep in the West" of Germany and includes the plains of the Lower Rhine region and parts of the Central Uplands (Mittelgebirge) up to the gorge of Porta Westfalica. The state comprises a land area of 34,083 km² (13,158 square miles) and shares borders with Belgium in the southwest and the Netherlands in the west and northwest. It has borders with the German states of Lower Saxony to the north and northeast, Rhineland-Palatinate to the south and Hesse to the southeast.

North Rhine Westphalia has a population of approximately 18 million inhabitants, and is centred around the polycentric Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, which includes the formerly industrial Ruhr region and the Rhenish cities of Bonn, Cologne (Köln) and Düsseldorf. 30 of the 80 largest cities in Germany are located within North Rhine-Westphalia. The state's capital is Düsseldorf, the state's largest city is Cologne.

As the most urbanised federal state in Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia possesses the country's highest density of cultural, educational and research institutions, the densest transport infrastructure and the highest number of multinational corporations. North Rhine-Westphalia contributes about 22% to Germany's gross domestic product and accounts for about 28% of the country's foreign direct investments.[1]

Topics

Geography Rhineland | Eifel (National Park) | Cologne Bight | Lower Rhine | Lower Rhine region | Westphalia | Münsterland | Sauerland | Ostwestfalen-Lippe | Lippe
History Germania Inferior | Ripuarian Franks | Salian Franks | Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle | Electorate of Cologne | Duchy of Berg | Duchy of Cleves | Rhine Province | Province of Westphalia | Occupation of the Ruhr | International Authority for the Ruhr | European Coal and Steel Community
Politics Constitution of North Rhine-Westphalia | Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia | List of Ministers-President of North Rhine-Westphalia
Economy Companies | Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region | Ruhr Region | WestLB | E.ON | Metro AG | Deutsche Telekom | Düsseldorf International Airport | Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr | NRW.INVEST | Blue Banana
Culture NRW Forum | Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen | Rhein in Flammen | Ruhrtriennale | The Industrial Heritage Trail | Westdeutscher Rundfunk | Lied für NRW | Art Cologne | Kunstakademie Düsseldorf
Landmarks World Heritage Sites: Aachen Cathedral | Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl | Cologne Cathedral | Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex | Further sites: Benrath Palace | Historical City Hall of Münster | Hermannsdenkmal | Neuer Zollhof
Sport Football clubs: Borussia Dortmund | Borussia Mönchengladbach | 1. FC Köln | FC Schalke 04 | Bayer 04 Leverkusen | Ice hockey clubs: Kölner Haie | DEG Metro Stars | Iserlohn Roosters
Society Cooperative Dictionary of the Rhinelandic Colloquial Language | Rhenish Carnival | Cologne Gay Pride | International Women's Film Festival Dortmund/Cologne | Karlspreis

Selected article

RWTH Aachen Hauptgebäude.jpg
RWTH Aachen University is a premier research university located in Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, with roughly 33,000 students enrolled in 101 study programs.

The university has achieved international recognition in several fields of engineering and science, especially mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, physics, and chemistry.

Selected biography

Beuys-Feldman-Gallery.jpg
Joseph Beuys (May 12, 1921, Krefeld – January 23, 1986, Düsseldorf) was a German performance artist, sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist and pedagogue of art.

His extensive work is grounded in concepts of humanism, social philosophy and anthroposophy; it culminates in his "extended definition of art" and the idea of social sculpture as a gesamtkunstwerk, for which he claimed a creative, participatory role in shaping society and politics. His career was characterized by passionate, even acrimonious public debate, but he is now regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.

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  1. ^ data by NRW.INVEST
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