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Portal:New York City

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Introduction

NYC Montage 2014 4 - Jleon.jpg

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, and sports. The city's fast pace defines the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world.

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The Stonewall Inn in 1969
The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations against a 1969 police raid at the Stonewall Inn, in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York City. They have become the defining event that marked the start of the gay rights movement in the United States and around the world. American gays and lesbians in the 1950s and 1960s faced a legal system more anti-homosexual than those of some Warsaw Pact countries. The last years of the 1960s were very contentious, as many social movements were active, including the Civil Rights Movement, the Counterculture of the 1960s, and antiwar demonstrations. These influences, along with the liberal environment of Greenwich Village, served as catalysts for the Stonewall riots.

Very few establishments welcomed openly gay people in the 1950s and 1960s. Those that did were often bars, although bar owners and managers were rarely gay. The Stonewall Inn, at the time, was popular with the poorest and most marginalized people in the gay community. Police raids on gay bars were routine in the 1960s, but officers quickly lost control of the situation at the Stonewall Inn, and attracted a crowd that was incited to riot. Tensions between New York City police and gay residents of Greenwich Village erupted into more protests the next evening, and again several nights later. Within six months, two gay activist organizations were formed in New York, and within a few years, gay rights organizations were founded across the U.S. and the world. The first Gay Pride marches commemorated the anniversary of the riots.Today, Gay Pride events are held annually throughout the world toward the end of June to mark the Stonewall riots.

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The Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir, in Central Park, New York City
Credit: Carsten Keßler

The Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir, more commonly known as the Central Park Reservoir, is a decommissioned reservoir in Central Park in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. The reservoir covers 106 acres (43 hectares) and holds over a billion gallons (4 million cubic meters) of water.

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Selected biography

Hamilton Fish
Hamilton Fish (August 3, 1808 – September 7, 1893) was an American statesman and politician who served as the 16th Governor of New York, a United States Senator and United States Secretary of State. Fish has been considered one of the best Secretaries of State in the United States' history, known for his judiciousness and reform efforts during the Grant Administration. Fish settled the controversial Alabama Claims with Great Britain through his development of the concept of international arbitration. Fish kept the United States out of war with Spain over Cuban independence by coolly handling the volatile Virginius Incident. In 1875, Fish initiated the process for Hawaiian statehood, by having negotiated a reciprocal trade treaty for the island nation's sugar production. Fish organized a peace conference and treaty in Washington D.C. between South American countries and Spain. Fish worked with James Milton Turner, America's first African American consul, to settle the Liberian-Grebo war. President Grant stated that Hamilton Fish, above all, was the person whom he most trusted for political advice.

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Harry Houdini in 1899

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Track map of all storms known to have made landfall in the state of New York
This list of New York hurricanes encompasses 84 tropical or subtropical cyclones that have affected the state of New York since the 17th century. The state of New York is located along the East Coast of the United States, in the Northeastern portion of the country. The strongest of these storms was the 1938 New England Hurricane, which struck Long Island as a Category 3 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. Killing more than 600 people, it was also the deadliest. Tropical cyclones have affected the state primarily in September but have also hit during every month of the hurricane season, June through November. Tropical cyclones rarely make landfall on the state, although it is common for remnants of tropical cyclones to produce heavy rainfall and flooding.

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New York City topics

History New AmsterdamCommissioners' PlanBritish occupation of New YorkEllis IslandSeptember 11, 20011993 World Trade Center bombing1939 New York World's Fair1964 New York World's FairDraft rotsBlackout of 1977Crown Heights riotTammany HallBig AppleNYC transportationNYC Subway
Geography ManhattanThe BronxBrooklynStaten IslandQueensNew York HarborHudson RiverEast RiverUpper New York BayNew York BayLower ManhattanMidtown ManhattanUpper ManhattanLong Island SoundBronx KillThe NarrowsNewark BayJamaica Bay
Buildings Empire State BuildingChrysler BuildingWorld Trade CenterGrand Central TerminalMadison Square GardenYankee StadiumCiti FieldTimes SquareSouth Street SeaportStatue of LibertyHeadquarters of the United NationsSt. Patrick's CathedralRadio City Music HallOne World Trade CenterRockefeller CenterCathedral of St. John the DivineLever HouseCarnegie HallGracie MansionCity HallPlaza HotelMacy'sPenn StationCondé Nast BuildingCitigroup CenterMetLife BuildingWoolworth BuildingTrump TowerFlatiron Building30 Rockefeller Plaza28 Liberty StreetGoldman Sachs BuildingWaldorf Astoria New York
Transport New York City SubwayIRTBMTINDStaten Island FerryNYC FerryYellow taxisGreen taxisAirTrain JFKAirTrain NewarkJFK AirportLaGuardia AirportNewark Liberty International AirportPort AuthorityNJ TransitMTAStaten Island RailwayPATHTriborough BridgeBrooklyn–Battery TunnelQueens–Midtown TunnelBronx–Whitestone BridgeThrogs Neck BridgeHolland TunnelLincoln TunnelGeorge Washington BridgeWilliamsburg BridgeManhattan BridgeBrooklyn BridgePulaski SkywayTeterboro AirportNew Jersey Turnpike
Economy New York Stock ExchangeWall StreetPort Newark–ElizabethNASDAQNYSE AmericanNew York Mercantile ExchangeNew York Board of TradeMadison AvenueFifth Avenue
Education New York UniversityColumbia UniversityCUNYCooper UnionFITFordham UniversityThe New SchoolJuilliardPace UniversityPratt InstituteSVAManhattan CollegeSt. John's University
Civic MayorNYPDFDNYNYCEMCity CouncilCivil CourtCriminal CourtSupreme CourtAppellate DivisionTransit AuthorityTransit PoliceHighway PatrolAuxiliary PoliceDepartment of Parks and Recreation
Culture Macy's Thanksgiving Day ParadeMetsYankeesMuseum MileThe CloistersWhitney MuseumMetropolitan Museum of ArtInternational Center of PhotographyNew York Public LibraryQueens Public LibraryBrooklyn Public LibraryLincoln CenterNew York Hall of Science
Parks and grounds Central ParkBronx ZooNew York Botanical GardenConey IslandFlushing MeadowsBattery ParkProspect ParkRiverside ParkPelham Bay ParkGreenbeltHighbridge ParkBowling GreenHigh LineLiberty StateInwood Hill Park
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