Portal:New Caledonia

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Introduction

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New Caledonia (French: Nouvelle-Calédonie) is a special collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific Ocean, 1,210 km (750 mi) east of Australia and 20,000 km (12,000 mi) from Metropolitan France. The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets. The Chesterfield Islands are in the Coral Sea. Locals refer to Grande Terre as Le Caillou ("the pebble").

New Caledonia has a land area of 18,576 km2 (7,172 sq mi). Its population of 268,767 (Aug. 2014 census) consists of a mix of Kanak people (the original inhabitants of New Caledonia), people of European descent (Caldoches and Metropolitan French), Polynesian people (mostly Wallisians), and Southeast Asian people, as well as a few people of Pied-Noir and North African descent. The capital of the territory is Nouméa.

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Société Aircalin, also known as Air Calédonie International, is a French airline and is the international airline of New Caledonia. It operates scheduled services to 10 regional destinations, including Japan. Its main base is La Tontouta International Airport. It is headquartered in Nouméa.

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Harold Martin (b. 6 April 1954, Nouméa, New Caledonia) is a New Caledonian politician, President of the Government of New Caledonia (from 7 August 2007 to 10 May 2009 and again from 3 March 2011) and, since May 22, 2009, President of the Congress of New Caledonia. Former student as a site manager in the ESTP, Martin replaced Marie-Noëlle Thémereau as the leader of the ruling Future Together party after the party suffered an electoral setback to choose the territory’s two members of the French assembly.

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