Portal:Nepal

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Seto Gumba (White Monastery) panorama, Kathmandu 2013.jpg

Introduction

Flag of Nepal.svg
Emblem of Nepal.svg

Nepal (/nəˈpɔːl/ (About this sound listen); Nepali: नेपाल About this sound Nepāl [neˈpal]), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Saṅghīya Lokatāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.

The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal. Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rajput Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonised but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and British India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the proclamation of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy.

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Gurkha Soldier Monument, London - April 2008.jpg

The Gurkhas, also spelled as Gorkhas, are soldiers from the South Asian country of Nepal. Historically, the terms "Gurkha" and "Gorkhali" were synonymous with "Nepali," and derived from the hill town and district of Gorkha from which the Kingdom of Nepal expanded. Legend has it that the name may be traced to the medieval Hindu warrior-saint Guru Gorakhnath Who are the Gorkha? Gurkhas are traditionally recruited from various Nepali hill ethnicities, but do not come from a single group or region in the multi-ethnic country.

Although the Gorkhas found in Himachal are mostly from Nepal, there have been reports of non-Nepalese Gorkhas (such as Thai Gorkhas, Naga Gorkhas and Chinese Gorkhas)

There are Gurkha military units in the Nepalese, British and the Indian army (Gorkhas) enlisted in Nepal. Although they meet many of the requirements of Article 47 of Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions regarding mercenaries, they are exempt under clauses 47(a)(c)(d)(e)&(f) similar to the French Foreign Legion.

Gurkhas are closely associated with the Khukuri, a forward-curving Nepalese knife and have a well known reputation for their fearless military prowess. The former Indian Army Chief of Staff Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, once stated that "If a man says he is not afraid of dying, he is either lying or is a Gurkha."

Selected biography

Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli (Nepali: खड्ग प्रसाद शर्मा ओली; born 22 February 1952), or K.P. Sharma Oli or Khadga Prasad Oli more commonly known by abbreviated name K.P. Oli, is a Nepalese politician and the current Prime Minister of Nepal. He is one of the two Chairmen of the Nepal Communist Party, formed by the union of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre). Oli previously served as prime minister from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016 and was the first elected prime minister under the newly adopted Constitution of Nepal.

He was the eldest child of Mohan Prasad and Madhumaya Oli. Oli was raised by his grandmother, Rammaya, after his mother died of smallpox when Oli was four. He did his primary school education in Terathum and later his family migrated to the south eastern district of Jhapa. He resided mostly in Jhapa during his early political life. Oli started his studies at Himalaya Higher Secondary School in Damak municipality of Jhapa district at the age of 12. He left school in grade nine. He did IA from the jail and appeared BA exam of first year only.

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Ganges India.jpg

The Ganges, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is the third largest river by discharge.

In the news

  • 25 April 2015:2015 Nepal earthquake
  • 12 May 2013: Haitian cholera victims threaten United Nations with lawsuit
  • 25 September 2011: Nepal plane crash kills 19
  • 24 April 2011: Nepal plane crash kills 19
  • 2 April 2011: UN workers killed by Afghans over burning of a Qur'an in Florida
  • 24 May 2010: California teen becomes youngest to conquer Everest
  • 3 May 2010: Nepal Maoists begin strike to overthrow government
  • 24 November 2009: Ritual sacrifice in Nepal sees 320,000 animals slaughtered to Hindu goddess
  • 16 June 2009: Nepali capital Kathmandu shut down after rebel strike
  • 23 May 2009: Bomb explosion kills two in Nepal church
  • 1 January 2009: Mount Everest plane crash blamed on pilot error
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Did you know...

  • The word Himalaya means the home or abode of snow.
  • The geological age of the Himalaya is approximately 70 million years.
  • Himalayan rivers are older than the Himalayan peaks.
  • In Nepal there are 8 of the world’s 14 highest mountains above 8000 meters, including Mt. Everest.
  • Nepal has 8% of the total species of birds found in the world.
  • The highest lake on earth, Tilicho, is in Nepal. It rests at 4800 meters.
  • Gautam Buddha was born in Nepal.

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Wikipedia in Nepalese edition

Wikipedia-logo-v2-ne.svg Wikipedia-logo-V2-Mai.png Wikipedia-logo-v2-bh.svg Wikipedia-logo-v2-new.png Wikipedia-logo-v2-dty.svg
नेपाली
(Nepali)
मैथिली
(Maithili)
भोजपुरी
(Bhojpuri)
नेपालभाषा
(Nepali)
डोटेली
(Doteli)
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