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Map of Nepal

Nepal is a landlocked sovereign nation located in south Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million (and nearly 2 million absentee workers living abroad), Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the China, and to the south, east, and west by the India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal, while across the Himalayas lies the Tibet. Nepal is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri Corridor. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest metropolis.

The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा) in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The southern Terai region is fertile and humid. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, is located in this region. Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world's great religions, and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centres from as early as the 3rd century BC.

Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of Nepalis, making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindus. Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 9.0%, Kirat 3.0%, Islam by 4.4%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.9%. A large section of the population, especially in hill region, even though they follow Hindu customs, may identify themselves as both Hindu as well as Buddhists which can be attributed to the syncretic nature of Hinduism and Buddhism in Nepal.

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Gurkha Soldier Monument, London - April 2008.jpg

The Gurkhas, also spelled as Gorkhas, are soldiers from the South Asian country of Nepal. Historically, the terms "Gurkha" and "Gorkhali" were synonymous with "Nepali," and derived from the hill town and district of Gorkha from which the Kingdom of Nepal expanded. Legend has it that the name may be traced to the medieval Hindu warrior-saint Guru Gorakhnath Who are the Gorkha? Gurkhas are traditionally recruited from various Nepali hill ethnicities, but do not come from a single group or region in the multi-ethnic country.

Although the Gorkhas found in Himachal are mostly from Nepal, there have been reports of non-Nepalese Gorkhas (such as Thai Gorkhas, Naga Gorkhas and Chinese Gorkhas)

There are Gurkha military units in the Nepalese, British and the Indian army (Gorkhas) enlisted in Nepal. Although they meet many of the requirements of Article 47 of Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions regarding mercenaries, they are exempt under clauses 47(a)(c)(d)(e)&(f) similar to the French Foreign Legion.

Gurkhas are closely associated with the Khukuri, a forward-curving Nepalese knife and have a well known reputation for their fearless military prowess. The former Indian Army Chief of Staff Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, once stated that "If a man says he is not afraid of dying, he is either lying or is a Gurkha."

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Bidya Devi Bhandari

Bidhya Devi Bhandari (Nepali: विद्या देवी भण्डारी; born 19 June 1961) is the second and current President of Nepal, elected in 2015. She is the first woman to hold the office. She was the vice-chairperson of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and chair of the All Nepal Women Association before winning the presidential election on 28 October 2015. She was elected as President in a parliamentary vote, receiving 327 votes out of 549 and defeating Kul Bahadur Gurung. She previously served as the Minister of Defence of the government of Nepal and was the first woman in Nepal to hold the post Bhandari was born on 19 June 1961, in Mane Bhanjyang of Bhojpur, to Ram Bahadur Pandey and Mithila Pandey.She joined student politics at an early age.

Bhandari was elected twice in parliamentary elections in 1994 and 1999, defeating Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and Damanath Dhungana, respectively. However, she lost during the 2008 Constituent Assembly poll. She held the post of Minister of Defense in the cabinet of Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal. The party elected her under the proportional electoral system in the second Constituent Assembly elections in 2013.

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Sunset at Chitwan National Park.jpg

Chitwan National Park is the first national park in Nepal. It was established in 1973 and granted the status of a World Heritage Site in 1984. It covers an area of 932 km2 (360 sq mi) and is located in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal in the districts of Nawalparasi, Parsa, Chitwan and Makwanpur

In the news


  • 25 April 2015:2015 Nepal earthquake
  • 12 May 2013: Haitian cholera victims threaten United Nations with lawsuit
  • 25 September 2011: Nepal plane crash kills 19
  • 24 April 2011: Nepal plane crash kills 19
  • 2 April 2011: UN workers killed by Afghans over burning of a Qur'an in Florida
  • 24 May 2010: California teen becomes youngest to conquer Everest
  • 3 May 2010: Nepal Maoists begin strike to overthrow government
  • 24 November 2009: Ritual sacrifice in Nepal sees 320,000 animals slaughtered to Hindu goddess
  • 16 June 2009: Nepali capital Kathmandu shut down after rebel strike
  • 23 May 2009: Bomb explosion kills two in Nepal church
  • 1 January 2009: Mount Everest plane crash blamed on pilot error
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Did you know...


  • The word Himalaya means the home or abode of snow.
  • The geological age of the Himalaya is approximately 70 million years.
  • Himalayan rivers are older than the Himalayan peaks.
  • In Nepal there are 8 of the world’s 14 highest mountains above 8000 meters, including Mt. Everest.
  • Nepal has 8% of the total species of birds found in the world.
  • The highest lake on earth, Tilicho, is in Nepal. It rests at 4800 meters.
  • Gautam Buddha was born in Nepal.




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