Portal:Nepal

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Seto Gumba (White Monastery) panorama, Kathmandu 2013.jpg

Introduction

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Emblem of Nepal.svg

Nepal (/nəˈpɔːl/ (About this sound listen); Nepali: नेपाल About this sound Nepāl [neˈpal]), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.

The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic Age, the era in which Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in southern Nepal. Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonised but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and colonial India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the proclamation of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy.

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Featured article

Machhapuchhre (Fishtail) mountain, 6993 meters from Sarangkot

Pokhara (Nepali: पोखरा) is the second largest city of Nepal as well as the headquarters of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone and the Western Development Region. It is located 200 km west of the capital Kathmandu. Despite being a comparatively smaller valley than Kathmandu, its geography varies dramatically within just few kilometres from north to south. The altitude varies from 827 m in the southern part to 1740 m in the north. Additionally, the Annapurna Range with three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna I and Manaslu — are within approximately 15 - 35 miles as-the-crow-flies distance from the valley. Due to its proximity to the Annapurna mountain range, the city is also a base for trekkers undertaking the Annapurna Circuit through the ACAP region of the Annapurna ranges in the Himalayas.

Pokhara is home to many Gurkha soldiers. It is the most expensive city in the country, with a Cost of Living Index of 95.

Featured biography

Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; Jñānendra Śāh; born 7 July 1947) was the King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. He was briefly king from 1950 to 1951, when his grandfather, Tribhuvan, was forced into exile in India with the rest of his family. Following the Nepalese royal massacre in 2001, he again became king.

King Gyanendra's second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. His predecessor King Birendra had established a constitutional monarchy in which he delegated policy to a representative government. The growing insurgency of the Nepalese Civil War during King Gyanendra's reign interfered with elections of representatives. After several delays in elections, King Gyanendra suspended the constitution and assumed direct authority in February 2005, assuring that it would be a temporary situation to suppress the Maoist insurgency. In the face of broad opposition, he restored the previous parliament in April 2006. His reign ended approximately two years later, when the Nepalese Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a republic and abolished the monarchy.

Featured picture

Namche Bazaar Nepal.jpg

Namche Bazaar is a town in Khumbu Pasanglhamu Rural Municipality in Solukhumbu District of Province No. 1 of north-eastern Nepal. It is located within the Khumbu area at 3,440 metres (11,286 ft) at its low point, populating the sides of a hill. Most Sherpa who are in the tourism business are from the Namche area. Namche is the main trading center and hub for the Khumbu region with many Nepalese officials.

In the news

  • 25 April 2015:2015 Nepal earthquake
  • 12 May 2013: Haitian cholera victims threaten United Nations with lawsuit
  • 25 September 2011: Nepal plane crash kills 19
  • 24 April 2011: Nepal plane crash kills 19
  • 2 April 2011: UN workers killed by Afghans over burning of a Qur'an in Florida
  • 24 May 2010: California teen becomes youngest to conquer Everest
  • 3 May 2010: Nepal Maoists begin strike to overthrow government
  • 24 November 2009: Ritual sacrifice in Nepal sees 320,000 animals slaughtered to Hindu goddess
  • 16 June 2009: Nepali capital Kathmandu shut down after rebel strike
  • 23 May 2009: Bomb explosion kills two in Nepal church
  • 1 January 2009: Mount Everest plane crash blamed on pilot error
More from Wikinews...

Did you know...

  • The word Himalaya means the home or abode of snow.
  • The geological age of the Himalaya is approximately 70 million years.
  • Himalayan rivers are older than the Himalayan peaks.
  • In Nepal there are 8 of the world’s 14 highest mountains above 8000 meters, including Mt. Everest.
  • Nepal has 8% of the total species of birds found in the world.
  • The highest lake on earth, Tilicho, is in Nepal. It rests at 4800 meters.
  • Gautam Buddha was born in Nepal.

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Wikipedia in Nepalese edition

Wikipedia-logo-v2-ne.svg Wikipedia-logo-V2-Mai.png Wikipedia-logo-v2-bh.svg Wikipedia-logo-v2-new.png Wikipedia-logo-v2-dty.svg
नेपाली
(Nepali)
मैथिली
(Maithili)
भोजपुरी
(Bhojpuri)
नेपालभाषा
(Nepali)
डोटेली
(Doteli)
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