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Flag of Namibia.svg

Namibia (/nəˈmɪbiə/ (About this sound listen), /næˈ-/), officially the Republic of Namibia (German: About this sound Republik Namibia ; Afrikaans: Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River (essentially a small bulge in Botswana to achieve a Botswana/Zambia micro-border) separates the two countries. Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara, and Nama peoples. Since about the 14th century, immigrating Bantu peoples arrived as part of the Bantu expansion. Since then the Bantu groups in total, one of which is known as the Ovambo people, have dominated the population of the country and since the late 19th century, have constituted a majority.

Selected panorama

Brandberg Mountain
Credit: Joel Holdsworth

A view of the Brandberg Mountain, Namibia's highest mountain.

Selected article

Afrikaans is a Germanic language originating from the Dutch spoken by settlers in Africa in the seventeenth century and thus is classified as Low Franconian West Germanic. Aside from English, Afrikaans deviates the farthest from the grammars of the other Germanic languages. It is mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia, with smaller populations of speakers living in Australia, Botswana, Canada, Lesotho, Malawi, New Zealand, Swaziland, the United States, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It is the primary language used by two ethnic groups in South Africa: the Afrikaans people (Afrikaners) and the Coloureds (in Afrikaans: kleurlinge or bruinmense–including Basters, Cape Malays and Griqua).

Afrikaans is the majority language of the western third of South Africa (Northern and Western Cape, in which it is spoken at home by 68% and 55% of the population, respectively). (Read more...)

Selected picture

Thorn Tree Sossusvlei Namib Desert Namibia Luca Galuzzi 2004.JPG
Credit: Luca Galuzzi

Camel Thorn Tree (Acacia erioloba) in Sossusvlei region, Namib-Naukluft National Park, Namib Desert, Namibia.

Did you know ...

A red-roofed yellow building in bright sunlight, built in German colonial style. Over the entrance is a red cross and the inscription "Elisabeth Haus"

  • ... that a decomposing rhino carcass and lack of water led to the establishment of Henties Bay?

In the news

Wikinews Namibia portal
  • December 1: All plane occupants die in Namibia crash
  • September 3: Fifteen medals awarded on London Paralympics fourth night of track and field
  • December 6: Official results say Namibian president reelected after polls
  • November 28: Namibia votes in presidential election
  • March 17: Namibia struck by floods, president declares state of emergency
  • March 15: 2007 Rugby World Cup: South Africa, Wales, Scotland and Ireland win
  • March 11: 2007 Rugby World Cup: South Africa, Australia and New Zealand qualify
  • March 11: 2007 Rugby World Cup: Fiji, Tonga and France win
  • September 28: 2007 Rugby World Cup: Georgia claim first World Cup victory
  • March 17: Namibia: VAT on milk to stay



Selected biography

Sam Nujoma

Samuel Daniel Shafiishuna Nujoma (born 12 May 1929 in Ongandjera, South West Africa (now Omusati Region)) was the first President of Namibia. He was inaugurated as President on 21 March 1990 and was subsequently re-elected in 1994 and 1999, serving until 2005. He was also President of the South-West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) from its founding in 1960 until 2007.

Nujoma was born in the north of the country, in Ongandjera, which is part of the cultural area known as Ovamboland. His mother, Kuku Helvi-Mpingana Kondombombolo, died on 26 November 2008 at the age of 108. She was known as the "Grandmother of the Nation.

(Read more...)

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