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Flag of Namibia.svg

Namibia (/nəˈmɪbiə/ (), /næˈ-/), officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Afrikaans: Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River (essentially a small bulge in Botswana to achieve a Botswana/Zambia micro-border) separates the two countries. Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara, and Nama peoples. Around the 14th century, immigrating Bantu peoples arrived as part of the Bantu expansion. Since then, the Bantu groups, one of which is known as the Ovambo people, have dominated the population of the country; since the late 19th century, they have constituted a majority.

Selected panorama

Bushman's Paradise at Spitzkoppe
Credit: Hansueli Krapf

Bushman's Paradise at Spitzkoppe, a group of bald granite peaks or bornhardts located between Usakos and Swakopmund in the Namib desert, Namibia.

Selected article


The indigenous people of southern Africa, whose territory spans most areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola, are variously referred to as Bushmen, San, Sho, Basarwa, Kung, or Khwe. These people were traditionally hunter-gatherers, part of the Khoisan group and are related to the traditionally pastoral Khoikhoi. Starting in the 1950s, through the 1990s, they switched to farming as a result of government-mandated modernization programs as well as the increased risks of a hunting and gathering lifestyle in the face of technological development.

The Bushmen have provided a wealth of information for the fields of anthropology and genetics, even as their lifestyles change. One broad study of African genetic diversity completed in 2009 found the San people were among the five populations with the highest measured levels of genetic diversity among the 121 distinct African populations sampled. (Read more...)

Selected image

Thorn Tree Sossusvlei Namib Desert Namibia Luca Galuzzi 2004.JPG
Credit: Luca Galuzzi

Camel Thorn Tree (Acacia erioloba) in Sossusvlei region, Namib-Naukluft National Park, Namib Desert, Namibia.

Did you know ...

The Windhoek Equestrian Monument against the sunset

  • ... that it is claimed that the Reiterdenkmal (pictured), an equestrian monument in the centre of Windhoek, Namibia, is the only monument in the world where an ordinary soldier is placed on horseback?

In the news

Wikinews Namibia portal
  • December 1: All plane occupants die in Namibia crash
  • September 3: Fifteen medals awarded on London Paralympics fourth night of track and field
  • December 6: Official results say Namibian president reelected after polls
  • November 28: Namibia votes in presidential election
  • March 17: Namibia struck by floods, president declares state of emergency
  • March 15: 2007 Rugby World Cup: South Africa, Wales, Scotland and Ireland win
  • March 11: 2007 Rugby World Cup: South Africa, Australia and New Zealand qualify
  • March 11: 2007 Rugby World Cup: Fiji, Tonga and France win
  • September 28: 2007 Rugby World Cup: Georgia claim first World Cup victory
  • March 17: Namibia: VAT on milk to stay



Selected biography

Sam Nujoma

Samuel Daniel Shafiishuna Nujoma (born 12 May 1929 in Ongandjera, South West Africa (now Omusati Region)) was the first President of Namibia. He was inaugurated as President on 21 March 1990 and was subsequently re-elected in 1994 and 1999, serving until 2005. He was also President of the South-West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) from its founding in 1960 until 2007.

Nujoma was born in the north of the country, in Ongandjera, which is part of the cultural area known as Ovamboland. His mother, Kuku Helvi-Mpingana Kondombombolo, died on 26 November 2008 at the age of 108. She was known as the "Grandmother of the Nation.

(Read more...)

Topics in Namibia

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