Portal:Namibia

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The Namibia Portal

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Flag of Namibia
Coat of Arms of Namibia
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Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (Afrikaans Republiek van Namibië, German: Republik Namibia), is a country in Southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east, and South Africa to the south and east. It gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990 following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek (German: Windhuk).

Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), the Commonwealth of Nations and many other international organisations. It has been given many names: the land of contrasts, the land God made in anger, the ageless land. For many years it was known only as South West Africa, but it adopted the name Namibia, after the Namib Desert. It is the second least densely populated country in the world, after Mongolia.

The dry lands of Namibia were inhabited since early times by Bushmen, Damara, Namaqua, and since about the 14th century AD, by immigrating Bantu who came with the Bantu expansion. It was visited by the British and Dutch missionaries during the late 18th century. It was also visited by Dorsland trekkers (also known as Junker Boers) in 1879, but became a German Imperial protectorate in 1884. In 1920, the League of Nations mandated the country to South Africa, which imposed their laws and from 1948, their apartheid policy.

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Spitzkoppe
Credit: Hansueli Krapf

A view of the Spitzkoppe (also referred to as Spitzkop, Groot Spitzkop, or the "Matterhorn of Namibia"), is a group of bald granite peaks or bornhardts located between Usakos and Swakopmund in the Namib desert, Namibia.

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Bushmen

The indigenous people of southern Africa, whose territory spans most areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola, are variously referred to as Bushmen, San, Sho, Basarwa, Kung, or Khwe. These people were traditionally hunter-gatherers, part of the Khoisan group and are related to the traditionally pastoral Khoikhoi. Starting in the 1950s, through the 1990s, they switched to farming as a result of government-mandated modernization programs as well as the increased risks of a hunting and gathering lifestyle in the face of technological development.

The Bushmen have provided a wealth of information for the fields of anthropology and genetics, even as their lifestyles change. One broad study of African genetic diversity completed in 2009 found the San people were among the five populations with the highest measured levels of genetic diversity among the 121 distinct African populations sampled. (Read more...)

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Himba-Mädchen-100.jpg
Credit: Hans Stieglitz

A Himba girl in Namibia.

Did you know ...

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The Windhoek Equestrian Monument against the sunset

  • ... that it is claimed that the Reiterdenkmal (pictured), an equestrian monument in the centre of Windhoek, Namibia, is the only monument in the world where an ordinary soldier is placed on horseback?






In the news

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Wikinews Namibia portal
  • December 1: All plane occupants die in Namibia crash
  • September 3: Fifteen medals awarded on London Paralympics fourth night of track and field
  • December 6: Official results say Namibian president reelected after polls
  • November 28: Namibia votes in presidential election
  • March 17: Namibia struck by floods, president declares state of emergency
  • March 15: 2007 Rugby World Cup: South Africa, Wales, Scotland and Ireland win
  • March 11: 2007 Rugby World Cup: South Africa, Australia and New Zealand qualify
  • March 11: 2007 Rugby World Cup: Fiji, Tonga and France win
  • September 28: 2007 Rugby World Cup: Georgia claim first World Cup victory
  • March 17: Namibia: VAT on milk to stay

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Selected biography

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Sam Nujoma

Samuel Daniel Shafiishuna Nujoma (born 12 May 1929 in Ongandjera, South West Africa (now Omusati Region)) was the first President of Namibia. He was inaugurated as President on 21 March 1990 and was subsequently re-elected in 1994 and 1999, serving until 2005. He was also President of the South-West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) from its founding in 1960 until 2007.

Nujoma was born in the north of the country, in Ongandjera, which is part of the cultural area known as Ovamboland. His mother, Kuku Helvi-Mpingana Kondombombolo, died on 26 November 2008 at the age of 108. She was known as the "Grandmother of the Nation.

(Read more...)

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