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Nairobi /nˈrbɪ/ founded in 1899 as a railway depot for the East African Railway has grown to become one of Africa's largest cities over the past century. It is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The name Nairobi comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyorobi, which translates to "the place of cool waters". However, it is popularly known as the "Green City in the Sun" or by locals as "Nai". Nairobi is the seat of Nairobi County. The city lies on the Nairobi River, in the south of the nation, and has an elevation of 1661 m (5450 ft) above sea-level.

Nairobi is the most populous city in East Africa, with an estimated urban population of between 3 and 4 million. According to the 2009 Census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 3,138,295 inhabitants lived within 696 km². Nairobi is currently the 4th largest city in Africa and its inhabitants are referred to as Nairobians.

Nairobi is now one of the most prominent cities in Africa both politically and financially. Home to thousands of Kenyan businesses and over 100 major international companies and organisations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the main co-ordinating and headquarters for the UN in Africa & Middle East, the United Nations Office in Nairobi (UNON), Nairobi is an established hub for business and culture. The Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) is one of the largest in Africa and the second oldest exchange on the continent. It is Africa's fourth largest exchange in terms of trading volume and capable of making 10 million trades a day. The Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre.

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Muthaiga Golf Club, Nairobi
Credit: Jeff Turner
Muthaiga Golf Club, Muthaiga, Nairobi.
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Kenya Airways

Kenya Airways Ltd., more commonly known as Kenya Airways, is the flag carrier of Kenya. The company was founded in 1977, after the dissolution of East African Airways. The carrier's head office is located in Embakasi, Nairobi, with its hub at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.

Kenya Airways is widely considered as one of the leading Sub-Saharan operators; as of January 2013, the carrier is ranked fourth among the top ten ones that operate in Africa by seat capacity, behind South African Airways, Ethiopian Airlines and EgyptAir. The airline became a full member of SkyTeam in June 2010 (2010-06), and is also a member of the African Airlines Association since 1977.

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Caroline Mutoko is a radio presenter with Nairobi's Kiss 100 FM radio station, one of the radio stations under the Radio Africa brand. She presents the early morning program "The Big Breakfast". She used to host it alongside comedian Walter "Nyambane" Mong'are who has since moved to join the government funded Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC). Previously, Caroline worked for Capital FM in Nairobi as a presenter and Marketing Manager.

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In the newsedit
  • Daily Nation
  • Standard Digital News
  • Business Daily
  • 21 Sept 2013: Nairobi Shopping Mall Attacked By Al Shabab Militants
  • 10 June 2012: Kenyan helicopter crash kills security minister
  • 10 March 2012: Kenya government fires health worker strikers over failure to 'report back to work'
  • 3 July 2009: Kenya confirms first swine flu case
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West Nairobi CBD
Western side of Nairobi CBD showing Upper Hill, Uhuru Park, Nyayo House, Teleposta Towers and Kenyatta Avenue.
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