Portal:Morocco

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Introduction

Flag of Morocco.svg

Morocco (/məˈrɒk/ (About this sound listen); Arabic: المغرب‎, translit. al-maġrib, lit. 'place the sun sets; the west'; Standard Moroccan Tamazight: ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, translit. Lmeɣrib), officially the Kingdom of Morocco (Arabic: المملكة المغربية‎, translit. al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah, lit. 'The Western Kingdom'; Standard Moroccan Tamazight: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, translit. Tageldit n Lmaɣrib), is a country located in the far west of North Africa with an area of 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi). Its capital is Rabat, the largest city Casablanca. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, bordered to the east by Algeria and to the south by Mauritania. Morocco claims the areas of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, currently under Spanish jurisdiction.

Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, allowing Morocco to remain the only northwest African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, which rules to this day, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier. It regained its independence in 1956, and has since remained comparatively stable and prosperous by regional standards.

Selected article

The Battle of Tetuan depiction by Mariano Fortuny (MNAC).

The Battle of Tétouan was a battle fought near Tétouan, Morocco between the Spanish Army of Africa and the Moroccan Army in 1860. The battle was part of the Hispano-Moroccan War (1859–60).

The expeditionary Spanish force, which departed from Algeciras, was componed of 36,000 men, 65 pieces of artillery, and 41 ships, which included steamships, sailboats, and smaller vessels. Of Irish heritage, Leopoldo O'Donnell, 1st Duke of Tetuan, Prime Minister of Spain, personally took charge of the expedition and divided these forces into three corps. These were commanded by Generals Juan Zavala de la Puente, Antonio Ros de Olano and Ramón de Echagüe. Reserves were placed under the command of Juan Prim. The admiral Segundo Díaz Herrero commanded the fleet.

The objective of the Spanish forces was to take the Moroccan city of Tétouan.

Hostilities between Moroccan and Spanish troops erupted on 17 December by the column commanded by Zavala de la Puente, which occupied the Sierra de Bullones. On 19 December, Echagüe captured the Palacio del Serrallo. O'Donnell commanded a force that landed at Ceuta on 21 December. By Christmas Day, the three columns had consolidated their positions and awaited orders to advance towards Tétouan.

Selected image

The medieval Giralda, built by the Almohad Dynasty which capital was the imperial Rabat.

Moroccan History

Did you know

  • ...that the word "Morocco" was derived from Marrakech, the name of the capital city in the 11th and 12th centuries?
  • ...that the word tangerine came from Tangier?
  • ...that Morocco was the first country in the world to recognize the United States' independence?
  • ...that the Morocco leather was imported from Morocco, and was used from the late sixteenth century in the binding of luxury.

Featured Moroccan

Featured Foreigner

Reason: His visit to Morocco on April 26, 2006. Chinese-Moroccan trade increased by 28 percent year in year to reach 150 million U.S. dollars in 2005.[1]

Culture

Categories

Articles: Culture - Geography - Government - Economy - History - People - Politics - Sports - Military - Literature

Cities: Casablanca , Rabat , Fez , Tangier , Marrakesh , Meknès , Agadir

Cities in Morocco
Rank Name Population
Transliteration Arabic Census 2010
1. Casablanca الدار البيضاء 7,500,000
2. Rabat الرباط 1,603,485
3. Tangier طنجة 1,500,000
4. Fès فاس 1,040,563
5. Oujda وجدة 1,000,000
6. Marrakech مراكش 903,589
7. Salé سلا 903,485
8. Agadir أڭادير 678,596
9. Kenitra القنيطرة 600,000
10. Meknès مكناس 576,152
11. Tétouan تطوان 320,539

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