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Miskolc portal

Bell tower of the Avas Church
Coat of arms of Miskolc
Miskolc is the fourth largest city of Hungary. It is the county seat of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and the regional centre of Northern Hungary; an important cultural and educational centre.

Today's Miskolc came into existence with the unification of the historical Miskolc (today's city centre), the nearby Diósgyőr and several smaller towns between 1945–1950. United, the busy merchant town Miskolc, and Diósgyőr, which had been a favourite royal residence in the Middle Ages, formed the largest city in the region (with a population peak over 200,000 in the 1980s) and was developed into an important heavy industrial centre. With the industry's decline in the 1990s, Miskolc is now emphasizing its cultural heritage in hope of becoming a tourist attraction.

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Aerial view of the castle
The Castle of Diósgyőr is a medieval castle in Miskolc-Diósgyőr. It was built in Gothic style the second half of the 13th century in place of a previously destroyed motte castle.

It was one of the favorite castles of King Louis I, who added extensively to the building. Two historical events that took place in the Castle of Diósgyőr during his reign were the granting of a coat of arms to Kassa – the first time in history that a city received a coat of arms –, and the signing of a peace treaty between the Kingdom of Hungary and Venice. Both events are commemorated by full-size wax figures of the king and other persons in the wax museum of the castle.

In later centuries the castle was a favourite holiday residence of queens, with the first of them being Queen Regnant Mary, the daughter of Louis. Incidentally, the last queen to own the castle was also a Mary – the wife of Louis II.

In the Middle Ages Miskolc, a thriving merchant town, was the most important of the towns and villages belonging to the estate centered around the castle. Later, as Diósgyőr's importance decreased, Miskolc outgrew it by far, and by the time the two towns were united in 1945, it was three times larger.



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The waterfall of Lillafüred, which is the biggest waterfall in Hungary

Did you know…

The theatre during the Opera Festival

…that the National Theatre of Miskolc is known by most people to be the oldest theatres in Hungary?

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This is just a start of the Miskolc Wikiportal. Much is needed to be done. So please, be of some help.

Requested articles:

Buildings: House of Arts, Palace Hotel

People: Ferenc Bessenyei, Ferenc Demjén, Zoltán Dunai, Zsigmond Fülöp, Alexander Grossmann, Dezső Gyarmati, Menachem Josef Heimlich, Ottó Herman, István Jónyer, Margit Kaffka, Sándor Káli, Ilona Kállay, Máté Kamarás, Teréz Karacs, Didák Kelemen, Mária Keresztessy, Péter Kropkó, Árpád Latabár sr., János Lavotta, József Lévay, Sándor Lukács, Dániel Nyitray, László Palóczy, István Prókai, Attila Repka, Lajos Szalay, Róza Széppataki-Déry

Expand (stubs): Csanyik, Edda művek, Görömböly, Miskolc Airport

Expand (short articles): Anna Cave, Avas, Bükkszentlászló, Cave Bath, Coat of arms of Miskolc (needs picture of old CoA), Diósgyőr (esp. about the factory), Downtown, Gothic Protestant Church of Avas, Gömöri Railway Station, Greek Orthodox Church and Museum, István Cave, Martintelep, St. Anne's Church, Tiszai Railway Station

Images needed: Anna Cave, Bükkszentlászló, Cave Bath, Csanyik, Edda művek, Gömöri Railway Station, Görömböly, Greek Orthodox Church and Museum, István Cave, Martintelep, Miskolc Airport, Miskolc Opera Festival, Miskolc Zoo, National Theatre (inside of the building), Ottó Herman Museum (Papszer Street building), St. Anne's Church, University of Miskolc

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