Portal:Middle East

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Introduction

Middle East

The Middle East is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa). Saudi Arabia is geographically the largest Middle Eastern nation while Bahrain is the smallest. The corresponding adjective is Middle Eastern and the derived noun is Middle Easterner. The term has come into wider usage as a replacement of the term Near East (as opposed to the Far East) beginning in the early 20th century.

Arabs, Turks, Persians, Kurds, and Azeris (excluding Azerbaijan) constitute the largest ethnic groups in the region by population. Arabs constitute the largest ethnic group in the region by a clear margin. Indigenous minorities of the Middle East include Jews, Baloch, Assyrians, Arameans, Berbers (who primarily live in North Africa), Copts, Druze, Lurs, Mandaeans, Samaritans, Shabaks, Tats, and Zazas. In the Middle East, there is also a Romani community. European ethnic groups that form a diaspora in the region include Albanians, Bosniaks, Circassians (including Kabardians), Crimean Tatars, Greeks, Franco-Levantines, and Italo-Levantines. Among other migrant populations are Bengalis as well as other Indians, Chinese, Filipinos, Indonesians, Pakistanis, Afghans, and Sub-Saharan Africans.

Selected article

The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) is a Middle Eastern non-profit press monitoring organization with headquarters located in Washington, DC. MEMRI was co-founded in 1998 by Yigal Carmon, a former colonel in the Israeli military intelligence and Meyrav Wurmser, an Israeli-born, American political scientist. MEMRI claims its goal is to bridge the language gap between the Middle East and the West. It publishes and distributes free English language translations of material published in Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Pashto, Turkish, Chinese, Dari and Polish, publishes analyses and reports on its website and offers specialized content for a fee.

MEMRI is one of several organizations that monitor and translate Arab news media. While the organization's translations are regularly quoted by major international newspapers, its work has generated strong criticism. Critics have accused MEMRI of often producing inaccurate translations with undue emphasis and selectivity and disseminating the most extreme views from Arabic and Persian media while ignoring moderate views that are often found in the same media outlets.

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Tugra Mahmuds II.gif
Photo credit:Saperaud

This animation shows an example of Arabic calligraphy. The text translates as "Mahmud Khan son of Abdulhamid is forever victorious" and refers to a Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.

In the news

Wikinews Middle East portal
  • November 14: Israel and Palestinian militants agree to ceasefire after worse Gaza violence since 2014
  • November 9: Mass graves of thousands of ISIL victims found, UN reports
  • October 31: Syria's National Museum re-opens after six years of civil war
  • October 24: Jordan declares intent not to renew land lease to Israel
  • October 20: Israeli Supreme Court overturns expulsion of US student
  • July 26: Palestine elected as G-77's presiding country, ambassador Riyad Mansour confirms
  • July 22: Israeli Knesset passes 'Jewish nation-state' bill
  • July 3: English football: Mohamed Salah signs contract extension with Liverpool
  • July 1: FIFA World Cup 2018 day 12, 13, 14, 15: Iran, Nigeria, Germany, Senegal out of the tournament
  • June 21: FIFA World Cup 2018 day seven: Portugal, Uruguay, Spain win 1-0

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