Portal:Microsoft

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The  Microsoft logo  Portal

     Introduction

Microsoft's logo since 2012

Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services. Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge Web browsers. Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers. As of 2016, it is the world's largest software maker by revenue, and one of the world's most valuable companies. The word "Microsoft" is a portmanteau of "microcomputer" and "software". Microsoft is ranked No. 30 in the 2018 Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.

Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows. The company's 1986 initial public offering (IPO), and subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.

, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android. The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, servers, etc. including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).

Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy. This began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers; and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division. Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999.

In 2018, Microsoft surpassed Apple Inc. as the most valuable publicly traded company in the world after being dethroned by the tech giant in 2010 and in April 2019, Microsoft became the third U.S. public company to be valued at over $1 trillion after Apple and Amazon respectively, reached the trillion-dollar market cap in 2018.

     Selected article

Usage share of Internet Explorer, 1994–2011

Internet Explorer is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995. It was first released as part of the add-on package Plus! for Windows 95 that year. Later versions were available as free downloads, or in service packs, and included in the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) service releases of Windows 95 and later versions of Windows. Internet Explorer is one of the most widely used web browsers, attaining a peak of about 95% usage share during 2002 and 2003. Its usage share has since declined with the launch of Firefox (2004) and Google Chrome (2008), and with the growing popularity of operating systems such as OS X, Linux and Android that do not run Internet Explorer. Since its first release, Microsoft has added features and technologies such as basic table display (in version 1.5); XMLHttpRequest (in version 5), which aids creation of dynamic web pages; and Internationalized Domain Names (in version 7), which allow Web sites to have native-language addresses with non-Latin characters.

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     In the news

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2019

2018


     Selected biography

Bill Gates

Bill Gates (correctly William Henry Gates III) (born October 28, 1955 in Seattle) is the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the world's largest software company. According to Forbes magazine's list of The World's Billionaires, he was ranked as the richest person in the world for thirteen consecutive years, and recent estimates put his net worth near $82 billion dollars. When family wealth is considered, his family ranks second behind the Walton family. Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. Although he is widely respected by people who see his wealth as a product of intelligence and foresight, since amassing his fortune, Gates has pursued a number of philanthropic endeavors, donating large amounts of money to various charitable organizations and scientific research programs through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, established in 2000.

     Did you know...

  • ... that Windows XP's default Bliss wallpaper was taken north of San Francisco in 1996?
  • ... that Microsoft's revenues on Microsoft Office are in the range of $250 million USD a week?
  • ... that Turing Award winner and long-time Microsoft Research technical fellow Jim Gray was lost at sea during a solo sailing trip?
  • ... that Robert Fripp, founding member of King Crimson, helped create the system sounds for Windows Vista?
  • ... that brand consultancy Millward Brown Optimor reported in 2006 that "Microsoft" is the most powerful brand name in the world?


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Software: WindowsOfficeServersDynamicsVisual StudioMoneyEncartaDefendermore…

Technology: Active DirectoryDirectX.NETInternet ExplorerMicrosoft EdgeWindows MediaPlaysForSuremore…

Web properties: Windows LiveOffice LiveMSNBCninemsnMSNHotmailMessengerSpacesGroupsLive IDPopfly

Gaming: Microsoft Game StudiosZoneXNAXbox / 360 / OneXbox Live (Arcade, Marketplace) • Games for WindowsGames for Windows - Live

Hardware: ZuneKeyboardNatural KeyboardMouseWebcamMSN TVSideWinderUltra-Mobile PCFingerprintAudio SystemPocket PCSmartphoneMicrosoft SurfaceMicrosoft HoloLens

Education and recognition: MCPsMSDNMSDNAAMSCAMicrosoft PressMicrosoft MVP • Studies related to Microsoft

Board of directors: NadellaCashDublonGatesGilmartinMarquardtNoskiPankeShirley

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WikiProject Microsoft is a group of editors who are willing to improve Wikipedia's coverage of Microsoft Corporation, its technologies, web properties & its people. This WikiProject is brand new and is welcoming editors to help out.

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     Sources

  1. ^ Simons, Hadlee (19 February 2019). "Windows Timeline extension is now available on Google Chrome". Android Authority. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  2. ^ Shah, Saqib (21 February 2019). "Microsoft brings some of its Hololens smarts to Android". Engadget. Oath Inc. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  3. ^ Novet, Jordan (24 February 2019). "Microsoft reveals an A.I. camera for developers". CNBC. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  4. ^ Roettgers, Janko (24 February 2019). "Microsoft Unveils Hololens 2, Its Next-Generation Augmented Reality Headset". Variety (magazine). Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  5. ^ Bass, Dina (28 February 2019). "Microsoft Unveils Azure Sentinel Cloud Security Program". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  6. ^ Warren, Tom (1 March 2019). "Microsoft to offer Band refunds, announces end of apps and services". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  7. ^ Weinberger, Matt (2 October 2018). "Microsoft has unveiled the $899 Surface Pro 6, its latest killer rival to the MacBook and iPad". Business Insider. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  8. ^ Hanson, Matt (7 December 2019). "Microsoft confirms Edge is moving to Chromium". TechRadar. Retrieved 2 March 2019.

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