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Microsoft Corporation (/ˈmkrəsɒft/, abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and services. Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers. Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers. As of 2016, it is the world's largest software maker by revenue, and one of the world's most valuable companies. The word "Microsoft" is a portmanteau of "microcomputer" and "software".

Microsoft was founded by Paul Allen and Bill Gates on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows. The company's 1986 initial public offering (IPO), and subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.

As of 2015, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC-compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android. The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).

Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy. This began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers; and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division. Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999.

     Selected article

The iLoo was a cancelled Microsoft project to develop a Wi-Fi Internet-enabled portable toilet. The iLoo, which was to debut at British summer festivals, was described as being a portable toilet with wireless broadband Internet, an adjustable plasma screen, a membrane wireless keyboard, a six-channel speaker system, and toilet paper embossed with popular web site addresses. The iLoo was also to have an extra screen and keyboard on the outside, and was to be guarded. It was intended as the next in a series of successful initiatives by MSN UK which sought to introduce the internet in unusual locations, including MSN Street, MSN Park Bench and MSN Deckchair. The project was announced by MSN UK on April 30, 2003, and was widely ridiculed before being declared a hoax by Microsoft on May 12. On May 13, another Microsoft press release stated that although the project had not been a hoax, it had been cancelled because it would do little to promote the MSN brand. There has since been speculation as to whether the project was cancelled for fear of being sued by Andrew Cubitt, who had invented the similarly named product "i-Loo". The iLoo was described as a public relations "debacle" by Online Journalism Review.

     Selected picture

Xbox console
Credit: Timothy Pilgrim

The Xbox is a video game console manufactured by Microsoft. It was released on November 15, 2001 in North America, February 22, 2002 in Japan, and March 14, 2002 in Australia and Europe. It was Microsoft's first foray into the gaming console market.

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     Selected biography

Bill Gates

Bill Gates (correctly William Henry Gates III) (born October 28, 1955 in Seattle) is the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the world's largest software company. According to Forbes magazine's list of The World's Billionaires, he was ranked as the richest person in the world for thirteen consecutive years, and recent estimates put his net worth near $82 billion dollars. When family wealth is considered, his family ranks second behind the Walton family. Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. Although he is widely respected by people who see his wealth as a product of intelligence and foresight, since amassing his fortune, Gates has pursued a number of philanthropic endeavors, donating large amounts of money to various charitable organizations and scientific research programs through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, established in 2000.

     Did you know...

  • ... that Windows XP's default Bliss wallpaper was taken north of San Francisco in 1996?
  • ... that Microsoft's revenues on Microsoft Office are in the range of $250 million USD a week?
  • ... that Turing Award winner and long-time Microsoft Research technical fellow Jim Gray was lost at sea during a solo sailing trip?
  • ... that Robert Fripp, founding member of King Crimson, helped create the system sounds for Windows Vista?
  • ... that brand consultancy Millward Brown Optimor reported in 2006 that "Microsoft" is the most powerful brand name in the world?


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Gaming: Microsoft Game StudiosZoneXNAXbox / 360 / OneXbox Live (Arcade, Marketplace) • Games for WindowsGames for Windows - Live

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WikiProject Microsoft is a group of editors who are willing to improve Wikipedia's coverage of Microsoft Corporation, its technologies, web properties & its people. This WikiProject is brand new and is welcoming editors to help out.

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  1. ^ Etherington, Darrell (13 January 2017). "Microsoft acquires Maluuba, a startup focused on general artificial intelligence". TechCrunch. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Greene, Jay (2 May 2017). "Microsoft Unveils New Surface Laptop, Windows 10 S Aimed at Students". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Protalinski, Emil (10 May 2017). "Microsoft launches Visual Studio 2017 for Mac out of preview". VentureBeat. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  4. ^ Warren, Tom (23 May 2017). "Microsoft's new Surface Pro has 13.5 hours of battery life and LTE option". The Verge. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  5. ^ Thorp-Lancaster, Dan (1 June 2017). "Skype is getting a major makeover with hints of Snapchat thrown in". Windows Central. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  6. ^ Murphy Kelly, Samantha (12 June 2017). "Xbox One X is Microsoft's powerful new game console". CNNMoney. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  7. ^ Lunden, Ingrid; Miller, Ron (29 June 2017). "Microsoft confirms Cloudyn acquisition, sources say price is between $50M and $70M". TechCrunch. Oath Inc. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  8. ^ Bright, Peter (30 August 2017). "Cortana and Alexa are coming together in surprising Microsoft-Amazon partnership". Ars Technica. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  9. ^ Warren, Tom (22 September 2017). "Windows Store rebranded to Microsoft Store in Windows 10". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  10. ^ Rubino, Daniel (5 October 2017). "Microsoft Launcher for Android takes over for Arrow with new features, design tweaks". Windows Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  11. ^ Haselton, Todd (1 September 2017). "Here comes Microsoft's next big Windows update, which will let you 'step inside' Windows". CNBC. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  12. ^ Woods, Rich (20 October 2017). "The Harman Kardon Invoke will be available on October 22 for $199". Neowin. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  13. ^ "Xbox One X is Microsoft's next game console, arriving on November 7th for $499". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved June 12, 2017. 
  14. ^ Pham, Sherisse (22 November 2017). "Skype yanked from app stores in China". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  15. ^ Hachman, Mark (28 November 2017). "Windows 10's future look could be Sets, a tabbed app interface Microsoft will start testing". PC World. International Data Group. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  16. ^ Jenkins, Aric (November 29, 2017). "Microsoft Will Demolish Its Campus to Build a Mini-City". Fortune. Retrieved November 29, 2017. 
  17. ^ Jo Foley, Mary (30 November 2017). "Microsoft's Edge browsing apps generally available for iOS, Android". ZDNet. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 

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