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Miami (/mˈæmi/ or /mˈæmə/) is a major American city located on the Atlantic coast of southeastern Florida, in the United States. Miami is the county seat of Miami-Dade County, also the most populous county in Florida. Miami is a principal city and anchor to the South Florida metropolitan area, which had a 2006 population of 5,463,857; ranking 7th largest in the nation. The Miami Urbanized Area (as defined by the Census Bureau) was the fifth most populous urbanized area in the U.S. in the 2000 census with a population of 4,919,036. The United Nations estimated that in 2007, Miami had become the fourth largest urbanized area in the United States, trailing only by those of New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago.

Miami is a well-known global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, culture, fashion, print media, entertainment, the arts and international trade. An international center for popular entertainment in television, music, fashion, film, and the performing arts, Miami also has a powerful international influence. The city can also be applauded for being home to the largest concentration of international banks in the United States, as well as home to many international company headquarters, and television studios. The city's Port of Miami is the number one cruise/passenger port in the world and is known for accommodating the largest volume of cruise ships in the world, and is home to many major cruise line headquarters.

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The List of tallest buildings in Miami ranks skyscrapers in the U.S. city of Miami, Florida by height. The tallest building in Miami is the 70-story Four Seasons Hotel Miami, which rises 789 feet (240 m) in the city's Brickell district and was completed in 2003. It also stands as the tallest building in the state of Florida and the 47th-tallest building in the United States. The second-tallest skyscraper in the city is the Southeast Financial Center, which rises 764 feet (233 m).Nine of the ten tallest buildings in Florida are located in Miami.

Miami's history of skyscrapers began with the 1913 completion of the McAllister Hotel, although the Freedom Tower, built in 1925, is Miami's best known early skyscraper, and remains an icon of the city. Miami is currently going through its largest building boom in the city's history. In what is being dubbed a "Manhattanization wave", there are currently nearly 60 structures proposed, approved or under construction in the city that are planned to rise over 500 feet (152 m) in height. The city is the site of 27 completed skyscrapers over 500 feet (152 m) tall, with 6 more under construction.

Overall, Miami's skyline is ranked first in the Southeast and third in the United States, after New York City and Chicago. By 2010, Miami is expected to have one of largest skylines in the world. Of the ten tallest buildings in the city, only three were completed prior to 2007. In addition, only four of the city's 25 tallest buildings were completed before the year 2000.

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Julia DeForest (née Sturtevant) Tuttle, (January 22, 1849 – September 14, 1898) was an entrepreneur, citrus farmer and businesswoman who was largely responsible for, and the original owner of, the land upon which the city of Miami, Florida, was built. For this reason, she is called the Mother of Miami. In 1891, when her father died and left her his land in Florida she relocated to Biscayne Bay. She then purchased the James Egan grant of 640 acres, where the city of Miami is now located, on the north side of the river, including the old Fort Dallas stone buildings, which she converted into her home and the pride of her life. Tuttle repaired and converted the home into one of the show places in the area with a sweeping view of the river and Biscayne Bay. Under an agreement between the two, Tuttle supplied Flagler with the land for a hotel and a railroad station for free, and they split the remainder of her 640 acres (2.6 km²) north of the Miami River in alternating sections. On April 22, 1896, train service of the Florida East Coast Railway came to the area. On July 28, male residents voted to incorporate a new city, Miami. Thereafter, the city steadily grew from a small town to a sophisticated metropolis.



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Did you know?

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  • Miami is an international center for popular entertainment in television, music, fashion, film, and the performing arts
  • Miami holds the distinction of being the only major city in the United States founded by a woman
  • The city is also home to the largest concentration of international banks in the United States
  • The city's Port of Miami is the number one cruise/passenger port in the world
  • Miami and its metropolitan area grew from just over one thousand residents to nearly five and a half million residents in just 110 years (1896-2006)
  • Miami's skyline is ranked third most impressive in the U.S., behind New York City and Chicago
  • Miami is the only major city in the United States bordered by two national parks

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