Portal:Metaphysics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Metaphysics Portal
a portal for Wikipedia's
Metaphysics resources.
Article · Category · Task force · Outline ·Index

Metaphysics

Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the ultimate nature of reality, being, and the world.[1] Its name derives from the Greek words μετά (metá) (meaning "above" or "beyond") and φυσικά (physiká) (meaning "above or beyond physics"), "physics" referring to those works on matter by Aristotle in antiquity.[2] Metaphysics addresses questions that have existed for as long as the human race - many still with no definitive answer. Examples are:

  • What is the meaning of life?
  • What is the nature of reality?
  • What is humanity's place in the universe?
  • Does the world exist outside the mind?
  • What is the nature of objects, events, places?
  • Is there any existence of spirit, and can the spirit manifest itself without body?
  • What is consciousness?

Selected article

The Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect. 8th century, Japan
Causality denotes a necessary relationship between one event (called cause) and another event (called effect) which is the direct consequence of the first.[3]

While this informal understanding suffices in everyday use, the philosophical analysis of how best to characterize causality extends over millennia. In the Western philosophical tradition, discussion stretches back at least as far as Aristotle, and the topic remains a staple in contemporary philosophy journals.

Though cause and effect are typically related to events, candidates include objects, processes, properties, variables, facts, and states of affairs; which of these make up the causal relata, and how best to characterize the relationship between them, remains under discussion.

Selected biography

Jean-Paul Sartre FP.JPG
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980), commonly known simply as Jean-Paul Sartre, was a French existentialist philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the leading figures in 20th century French philosophy.

Jean-Paul Sartre was born and raised in Paris to Jean-Baptiste Sartre, an officer of the French Navy, and Anne-Marie Schweitzer. His mother was of Alsatian origin, and was the grand niece of German Nobel prize laureate Albert Schweitzer.[4] When Sartre was 15 months old, his father died of a fever. Anne-Marie raised him with help from her father, Charles Schweitzer, a high school professor of German, who taught Sartre mathematics and introduced him to classical literature at a very early age.[5]

Categories

Did you know?


Related portals

Things to do

Wikimedia

Metaphysics on Wikinews     Metaphysics on Wikiquote     Metaphysics on Wikibooks     Metaphysics on Wiktionary     Metaphysics on Commons
News Quotations Manuals & Texts Definitions Images
Purge server cache
  1. ^ Geisler, Norman L. "Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics" page 446. Baker Books, 1999.
  2. ^ More specifically, the writings concerning what Aristotle called the "first philosophy" – and what is now called "metaphysics" – appeared after his articles on matter (on "physics"). Hence meta- ("above/beyond") physics ("matter").
  3. ^ Random House Unabridged Dictionary
  4. ^ Hayman, Ronald (1987). Sartre: A Life. Simon and Schuster. p. 31. ISBN 0-6714-5442-0. 
  5. ^ Brabazon, James (1975). Albert Schweitzer: A Biography. Putnam. p. 28. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Metaphysics&oldid=778225264"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Metaphysics
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Portal:Metaphysics"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA