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Physician examining a patient.
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Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury. It is both an area of knowledge—a science of body systems, their diseases and treatment—and the applied practice—an art or craft—of that knowledge. However, medicine often refers more specifically to matters dealt with by physicians and surgeons.

The term "medicine" is sometimes used amongst medical professionals as shorthand for internal medicine. Veterinary medicine is the practice of health care in animal species other than human beings. Please see our medical disclaimer for cautions about Wikipedia's limitations.

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Doxorubicin (trade name Adriamycin) or hydroxyldaunorubicin is a DNA-interacting drug widely used in chemotherapy. It is an anthracycline antibiotic and structurely closely related to daunomycin, and also intercalates DNA. It is commonly used in the treatment of a wide range of cancers.

The drug is administered by injection, and may be sold under the brand names Adriamycin PFS, Adriamycin RDF, or Rubex. Doxil is a liposome-encapsulated dosage form of doxorubicin made by Ben Venue Laboratories for Johnson & Johnson. The main benefits of this form are a reduction in cardiotoxicity. (More...)

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Scheme of semipermeable membrane during hemodialysis. Red = blood, blue = dialysing fluid, yellow = membrane.

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