From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Flag of Mauritania.svg

Mauritania (/ˌmɒrɪˈtniə/, /ˌmɔːr-/ (About this sound listen); Arabic: موريتانياMūrītānyā; Wolof: Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; French: Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in Northwest Africa. It is the eleventh largest country in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.

The country derives its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BCE into the 7th century CE in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara; consequently, the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's 4.3 million people. The government was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.

Selected article

MALI empire map.PNG

The Mali Empire or Manding Empire or Manden Kurufa (ߡߊ߲߬ߘߋ߲߬ ߞߙߎߝߓߊ) was a West African empire of the Mandinka from c. 1230 to c. 1600. The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Musa I. The Mali Empire had many profound cultural influences on West Africa, allowing the spread of its language, laws and customs along the Niger River. The Mali empire extended over a large area and consisted of numerous vassal kingdoms and provinces.

The Mali Empire grew out of an area referred to by its contemporary inhabitants as Manden. Manden, named for its inhabitants the Mandinka (initially Manden’ka with “ka” meaning people of), comprised most of present-day northern Guinea and southern Mali. The empire was originally established as a federation of Mandinka tribes called the Manden Kurufa (literally Manden Federation), but it later became an empire ruling millions of people from nearly every ethnic group in West Africa.

(Read more...)

Selected picture

Camelmarket in Nouakchott.jpg
Credit: Ferdinand Reus

Mauritanian Bedouins in their traditional boubous at the camel market in Nouakchott, Mauritania.

Did you know ...

Did you know?

In the news

Wikinews Mauritania portal
  • June 18: UN passes LGBT rights resolution
  • April 30: Algerian driver released by hostage takers in Niger
  • March 13: Kidnapped Spanish aid worker is released
  • March 7: Polio vaccination campaign targets 85 million African children
  • March 6: Mauritania cuts ties with Israel, expels Israeli diplomats
  • December 21: Deposed Mauritanian president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi is released
  • August 6: Mauritania president Abdallahi arrested in coup
  • January 29: Mauritanian refugees begin returning home from Senegal
  • January 6: 2008 Dakar Rally cancelled over terrorist threat
  • December 25: Four French tourists killed in Mauritania



Selected biography

Messaoud Ould Boulkheir (Arabic: مسعود ولد بو الخير‎,born 1943, Fara El Kitane Arabic: فرع الكتان‎) is among the first Haratine to become a political leader in Mauritania. Messaoud also contributed significantly to the end of the 1989 events in Mauritania, protecting the right of the victims and the emancipation of the Haratine in Mauritania with his party. Presently, Boulkheir is President of the People's Progressive Alliance, and he has been President of the National Assembly of Mauritania since April 2007. (Read more...)

Topics in Mauritania

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources

Travel guides



Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Mauritania&oldid=850515813"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Mauritania
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Portal:Mauritania"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA