Portal:Mauritania

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Introduction

Flag of Mauritania.svg

Mauritania (/ˌmɒrɪˈtniə, ˌmɔːrɪ-/ (About this sound listen); Arabic: موريتانياMūrītānyā; Wolof: Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; French: Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in Northwest Africa. It is the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.

The country derives its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BCE into the 7th century CE in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara; consequently, the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's 4.3 million people. The government was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.

Selected article

Sahara satellite hires.jpg

The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, aṣ-ṣaḥrā´ al-kubra, "The Greatest Desert") is the world's largest hot desert. At over 9,000,000 square kilometres (3,500,000 sq mi), it covers most of Northern Africa, making it almost as large as the United States or the continent of Europe. The desert stretches from the Red Sea, including parts of the Mediterranean coasts, to the outskirts of the Atlantic Ocean. To the south, it is delimited by the Sahel: a belt of semi-arid tropical savanna that comprises the northern region of central and western Sub-Saharan Africa.

The Sahara has an intermittent history that may go back as much as 3 million years. Some of the sand dunes can reach 180 metres (600 ft) in height. The name comes from the Arabic word for desert: (صَحراء), "ṣaḥrā´" (About this sound صحراء ; [sˤɑħrɑːʔ]). (Read more...)

Selected picture

Lagueila (18).jpg
Credit: Ji-Elle

Women in Lagueila, an oasis in the Adrar Region of Mauritania.

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In the news

Wikinews Mauritania portal
  • June 18: UN passes LGBT rights resolution
  • April 30: Algerian driver released by hostage takers in Niger
  • March 13: Kidnapped Spanish aid worker is released
  • March 7: Polio vaccination campaign targets 85 million African children
  • March 6: Mauritania cuts ties with Israel, expels Israeli diplomats
  • December 21: Deposed Mauritanian president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi is released
  • August 6: Mauritania president Abdallahi arrested in coup
  • January 29: Mauritanian refugees begin returning home from Senegal
  • January 6: 2008 Dakar Rally cancelled over terrorist threat
  • December 25: Four French tourists killed in Mauritania

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Selected biography

Messaoud Ould Boulkheir (Arabic: مسعود ولد بو الخير‎,born 1943, Fara El Kitane Arabic: فرع الكتان‎) is among the first Haratine to become a political leader in Mauritania. Messaoud also contributed significantly to the end of the 1989 events in Mauritania, protecting the right of the victims and the emancipation of the Haratine in Mauritania with his party. Presently, Boulkheir is President of the People's Progressive Alliance, and he has been President of the National Assembly of Mauritania since April 2007. (Read more...)

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