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The Mauritania Portal - بوابة موريتانيا


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Mauritania (Arabic: موريتانيا‎‎ Mūrītāniyā) is a country in northwest Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, by Senegal on the southwest, by Mali on the east and southeast, by Algeria on the northeast, and by the Morocco-controlled Western Sahara on the northwest. It is named after the Roman province of Mauretania, even though the modern state covers a territory far to the southwest of the old province. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast.

The civilian government of Mauritania was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On April 16, 2009, General Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the July 19 elections, which he won. In Mauritania about 20% of the population live on less than US $1.25 per day.

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MALI empire map.PNG

The Mali Empire or Manding Empire or Manden Kurufa (ߡߊ߲߬ߘߋ߲߬ ߞߙߎߝߓߊ) was a West African empire of the Mandinka from c. 1230 to c. 1600. The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Musa I. The Mali Empire had many profound cultural influences on West Africa, allowing the spread of its language, laws and customs along the Niger River. The Mali empire extended over a large area and consisted of numerous vassal kingdoms and provinces.

The Mali Empire grew out of an area referred to by its contemporary inhabitants as Manden. Manden, named for its inhabitants the Mandinka (initially Manden’ka with “ka” meaning people of), comprised most of present-day northern Guinea and southern Mali. The empire was originally established as a federation of Mandinka tribes called the Manden Kurufa (literally Manden Federation), but it later became an empire ruling millions of people from nearly every ethnic group in West Africa.

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Mauritania boy1.jpg
Credit: Ferdinand Reus

Young boy at the beach in Nouakchott, Mauritania.

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In the news


Wikinews Mauritania portal
  • June 18: UN passes LGBT rights resolution
  • April 30: Algerian driver released by hostage takers in Niger
  • March 13: Kidnapped Spanish aid worker is released
  • March 7: Polio vaccination campaign targets 85 million African children
  • March 6: Mauritania cuts ties with Israel, expels Israeli diplomats
  • December 21: Deposed Mauritanian president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi is released
  • August 6: Mauritania president Abdallahi arrested in coup
  • January 29: Mauritanian refugees begin returning home from Senegal
  • January 6: 2008 Dakar Rally cancelled over terrorist threat
  • December 25: Four French tourists killed in Mauritania



Selected biography


Messaoud Ould Boulkheir (Arabic: مسعود ولد بو الخير‎‎,born 1943, Fara El Kitane Arabic: فرع الكتان‎‎) is among the first Haratine to become a political leader in Mauritania. Messaoud also contributed significantly to the end of the 1989 events in Mauritania, protecting the right of the victims and the emancipation of the Haratine in Mauritania with his party. Presently, Boulkheir is President of the People's Progressive Alliance, and he has been President of the National Assembly of Mauritania since April 2007. (Read more...)

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