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Manitoba /ˌmænɪˈtbə/ (About this sound listen) is a Canadian prairie province with an area of 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi). The province has over 110,000 lakes, and has a largely continental climate due to its flat topography. Agriculture, found especially in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province's economy; other major industries are transportation, manufacturing, mining, forestry, energy, and tourism.

The largest ethnic group in Manitoba are the English, but there is a significant Franco-Manitoban minority and a growing aboriginal population. Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is Canada's eighth-largest Census Metropolitan Area. Winnipeg is the seat of government, home to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba and the Provincial Court. Four of the province's five universities, all four of its professional sports teams, and most of its cultural activities (including Festival du Voyageur and Folklorama) are located in Winnipeg. The city has train and bus stations and a busy international airport; a Canadian Forces base operates from the airport, and is the regional headquarters of the North American Aerospace Defense Command.

The name Manitoba (meaning "strait of the spirit" or "lake of the prairies") is believed to be derived from the Cree, Ojibwe or Assiniboine language. Fur traders first arrived during the late 17th century. Manitoba entered the Canadian Confederation on July 15, 1870, after the Red River Rebellion, and was the first province to join Canada under the British North America Act (BNA Act) after the original four provinces. A general strike took place in Winnipeg in 1919, and the province was hit hard by the Great Depression. This led to the creation of what would become the New Democratic Party of Manitoba, one of the province's major political parties.

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Manitoba Legislative Building
The Manitoba Legislative Building is the meeting place of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba[1], in central Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. It was originally named the Manitoba Parliament Building, not Legislative[1]. The neoclassical building was completed in 1920 and stands seventy-seven meters tall (253 ft)[1]. It was designed and built by Frank Worthington Simon[2] and Henry Boddington III, along with other Masons and many skilled craftsmen. Frank Simon (1862-1933) was a former student at the École des Beaux-Arts[2] which taught students neoclassical art, architecture, geometry, drawing, painting, sculpture, engraving, philosophy, astronomy, and mythology[2]. The building is famous for the Golden Boy, a gold covered bronze statue based on the style of the Roman god Mercury, or the Greek god Hermes, at the top of the cupola, or domed ceiling.

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Frederick William Hall,
Frederick William Hall, VC (February 8, 1885 – April 24, 1915) was an Irish born soldier in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry "in the face of the enemy", during the First World War.

Born in Ireland, (Kilkenny, February 8, 1885) he emigrated to Canada around 1910, and lived in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He was 30 years old, and a Company Sergeant-Major in the 8th (Winnipeg Rifles) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War when he performed a deed for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross.

It was on the night of April 23/24 1915 during the Second Battle of Ypres in Belgium that Hall discovered a number of missing men. On the ridge above he could hear moans from the wounded men. Under cover of darkness he went to the top of the ridge on two separate occasions and returned each time with a wounded man.

By nine o'clock the next morning (April 24) there were still some missing men. In broad daylight and under a hail of enemy fire Hall and Cpl Payne and Pte Rogerson crawled out toward the wounded. Payne and Rogerson were both wounded, but returned to the shelter of the front line. When a wounded man, who was lying some 15 yards from the trench, called for help, Company Sergeant-Major Hall endeavored to reach him in the face of very heavy enfilade fire by the enemy.

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Winnipeg, photographed from top of Union Bank Building 1907


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  1. ^ a b c "The History", at the Legislative Tour, Province of Manitoba.
  2. ^ a b c "Frank Lewis Worthington Simon", at Dictionary of Scottish Architects.
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