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Manitoba /ˌmænɪˈtbə/ (About this sound listen) is a Canadian prairie province with an area of 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi). The province has over 110,000 lakes, and has a largely continental climate due to its flat topography. Agriculture, found especially in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province's economy; other major industries are transportation, manufacturing, mining, forestry, energy, and tourism.

The largest ethnic group in Manitoba are the English, but there is a significant Franco-Manitoban minority and a growing aboriginal population. Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is Canada's eighth-largest Census Metropolitan Area. Winnipeg is the seat of government, home to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba and the Provincial Court. Four of the province's five universities, all four of its professional sports teams, and most of its cultural activities (including Festival du Voyageur and Folklorama) are located in Winnipeg. The city has train and bus stations and a busy international airport; a Canadian Forces base operates from the airport, and is the regional headquarters of the North American Aerospace Defense Command.

The name Manitoba (meaning "strait of the spirit" or "lake of the prairies") is believed to be derived from the Cree, Ojibwe or Assiniboine language. Fur traders first arrived during the late 17th century. Manitoba entered the Canadian Confederation on July 15, 1870, after the Red River Rebellion, and was the first province to join Canada under the British North America Act (BNA Act) after the original four provinces. A general strike took place in Winnipeg in 1919, and the province was hit hard by the Great Depression. This led to the creation of what would become the New Democratic Party of Manitoba, one of the province's major political parties.

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Manitoba Legislative Building
The Manitoba Legislative Building is the meeting place of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba[1], in central Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. It was originally named the Manitoba Parliament Building, not Legislative[1]. The neoclassical building was completed in 1920 and stands seventy-seven meters tall (253 ft)[1]. It was designed and built by Frank Worthington Simon[2] and Henry Boddington III, along with other Masons and many skilled craftsmen. Frank Simon (1862-1933) was a former student at the École des Beaux-Arts[2] which taught students neoclassical art, architecture, geometry, drawing, painting, sculpture, engraving, philosophy, astronomy, and mythology[2]. The building is famous for the Golden Boy, a gold covered bronze statue based on the style of the Roman god Mercury, or the Greek god Hermes, at the top of the cupola, or domed ceiling.

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Frank Johnston
Frank Johnston (19 June 1888 – 19 July 1949) was a Canadian artist associated with the Group of Seven. Johnston was born in Toronto in 1888. Although his official association with the Group of Seven was brief, his friendship with the artists dated back over a much longer period. As a commercial artist at Grip Ltd., he was involved with the circle of young artists working there whose ideas about Canadian art led to the formation of The Group. When he joined the firm around 1908, his fellow Grip workers included J. E. H. Macdonald and Tom Thomson, and later Arthur Lismer and Franklin Carmichael signed on. Through those men and as a member of the newly founded Arts and Letters Club, he met other artists, including Lawren Harris - all painters with new and exciting ambitions for Canadian art.

Johnston exhibited with The Group of Seven only once, in their first show at the Art Gallery of Toronto (now the Art Gallery of Ontario) in May 1920. Johnston's rate of production was such that in the 1919 Algoma show he contributed sixty works - more than any other artist.

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  • ...that Churchill in northern Manitoba is "the polar bear capital of the world". Polar bears make their dens near the town.

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Winnipeg 1907 crop.jpg
Winnipeg, photographed from top of Union Bank Building 1907


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  1. ^ a b c "The History", at the Legislative Tour, Province of Manitoba.
  2. ^ a b c "Frank Lewis Worthington Simon", at Dictionary of Scottish Architects.
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