Portal:Mali

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Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (French: République du Mali), is a landlocked nation in Western Africa. It is the seventh largest country in Africa. It borders Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west. Its straight borders on the north stretch into the centre of the Sahara, while the country's south, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers.

The area of present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (from which Mali takes its name), and the Songhai Empire. In the late 1800s, Mali fell under French control, becoming part of French Sudan. Mali gained its independence, with Senegal, as the Mali Federation in 1959, becoming the independent nation of Mali in 1960. After a long period of one-party rule, a 1991 coup led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.

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Mosque Bamako.jpg

Bamakó, population 1,690,471 (2006), is the capital and largest city of Mali, and currently estimated to be the fastest growing city in Africa (6th fastest in the world). It is located on the Niger River, near the rapids that divide the Upper and Middle Niger Valleys, in the southwestern part of the country. Bamako is the nation's administrative center, with a river port located in nearby Koulikoro, and a major regional trade and conference center. Bamako is the 7th largest West African urban center after Lagos, Abidjan, Kano, Ibadan, Dakar and Accra. Manufactures include textiles, processed meat and metal goods. There is commercial fishing on the Niger River. Bamako is located at 12°39′N 8°0′W / 12.650°N 8.000°W / 12.650; -8.000. The name Bamako comes from the Bambara word meaning "crocodile's back".

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Taxi vans in Bamako
Credit: Robin Taylor

Taxi vans, the main form of transportation in the capital city of Bamako.


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An Aldabra Giant Tortoise


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Wikinews Mali portal
  • January 18: Bomb kills at least 50 in Gao, Mali
  • March 9: Five dead after bar attack in Bamako, Mali
  • January 31: Millions march in France and around the world in support of Charlie Hebdo
  • September 25: 2012 Report on Gender Equality and Development looks at women's issues in India
  • March 5: Chadian army: Mokhtar Belmokhtar 'killed' in Mali
  • March 3: Al-Qaeda commander Abou Zeid killed in Mali by French forces
  • February 1: British Prime Minister David Cameron makes unannounced visit to Libya
  • October 25: Obama, Romney battle over foreign policy in final U.S. presidential debate
  • March 18: Imminent danger of famine in the Sahel
  • December 1: Wikinews Shorts: November 30, 2010

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Almamy Samory Touré.jpg

Samori Toure (c. 1830 - 1900) was the founder of the Wassoulou Empire, an Islamic state that resisted French rule in West Africa from 1882 to his capture in 1898. Born in Manyambaladugu, the son of Dyula traders, Samori grew up in a West Africa being transformed by growing contacts with the Europeans. European trade made some African trading states rich, while growing access to firearms changed traditional West African patterns of warfare. Early in his life, Ture converted to Islam.

In 1848, Samori's mother was captured in the course of war by Séré-Burlay, of the Cissé clan. After arranging his mother's freedom, Samori engaged himself to the service of the Cissés where he learned the handling of arms. According to tradition, he remained "seven years, seven months, seven days" before fleeing with his mother. He then joined the Bérété army, the enemies of the Cissé, for two years before rejoining his people, the Kamara. Named Kélétigui ("war chief") at Dyala in 1861, Samori took an oath to protect his people against both the Bérété and the Cissé. He created a professional army and placed close relations, notably his brothers and his childhood friends, in positions of command.

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