Portal:Malawi

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The Republic of Malawi (/məˈlɑːwi/; Chichewa [malawi]) is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. Nyasa means Lake in yawo languege. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. The country is separated from Tanzania and Mozambique by Lake Malawi. Its size is over 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) with an estimated population of more than 15,900,000. Its capital is Lilongwe, the biggest city is Blantyre. The name Malawi is believed to come from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area.

Malawi was first settled during the 10th century and remained under native rule until 1891 when it was colonized by the British, who ruled the country until 1964. Upon gaining independence it became a single-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994, when he was ousted from power. Bingu Mutharika, elected in 2004, is the current president. Malawi has a democratic, multi-party government. Malawi has a small military force that includes an army, a navy and an air wing. Malawi's foreign policy is pro-Western and includes positive diplomatic relations with most countries and participation in several international organizations.

Malawi is among the world's least developed and most densely populated countries. The economy is heavily based in agriculture, with a largely rural population. The Malawian government depends heavily on outside aid to meet development needs, although this need (and the aid offered) has decreased since 2000. The Malawian government faces challenges in growing the economy, improving education, health care and the environmental protection and becoming financially independent. Malawi has several programs developed since 2005 that focus on these issues, and the country's outlook appears to be improving, with improvements in economic growth, education and healthcare seen in 2007 and 2008.

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Lake Malawi seen from orbit.jpg

Lake Malawi (also known as Lake Nyasa in most countries, or Lake Nyassa, Lake Niassa, or Lago Niassa in Mozambique), is an African Great Lake and the southmost lake in the Great Rift Valley system of East Africa. This lake, the third largest in Africa and the eighth largest lake in the world, is located between Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. This lake is also the second deepest lake in Africa, but its placid nature at its northern shore gives no hint of its depth. This great lake's tropical waters reportedly are the habitat of more species of fish than any other lake on the Earth.

Lake Malawi or Lake Nyaza is between 560 and 580 kilometres long, and it is about 75 kilometres wide at its widest point. The total surface area of this lake is about 29,600 square kilometres. This lake has shorelines on western Mozambique, eastern Malawi, and southern Tanzania. The largest river flowing into this lake is the Ruhuhu River. This large freshwater lake has an outlet, which is the Shire River, a tributary that flows into the very large Zambezi River. (Read more...)

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Malawi 2.jpg
Credit: Steve Evans

A child stands before sunrise on the shore of Lake Malawi, Africa's third largest freshwater lake.

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Monoxylon beach Lake Malawi 1557.jpg

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Wikinews Malawi portal
  • September 26: 2012 Report on Gender Equality and Development credits Icelandic parental policy with 'hopeful' changes
  • September 25: 2012 Report on Gender Equality and Development looks at women's issues in India
  • June 29: African Olympians and Paralympians prepare for their London odyssey
  • May 29: Malawi President pardons jailed gay couple
  • January 31: Gaddafi loses African Union chair
  • July 23: Ivory Coast fined US$47,000 by FIFA over March stampede
  • May 23: Malawian president inaugurated after reelection
  • May 19: Malawi holds presidential and parliamentary elections
  • March 29: Stadium disaster claims lives at football World Cup qualifier match in Ivory Coast
  • February 22: Number of cholera cases in Zimbabwe reaches 80,000

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Bingu Wa Mutharika - World Economic Forum on Africa 2008.jpg

Dr Bingu wa Mutharika (born February 24, 1934) is a Malawian economist, politician, and the current President of Malawi. He first took office on May 24, 2004, after winning a disputed presidential election. With the support of President Bakili Muluzi, Mutharika won the 2004 election as the candidate of the United Democratic Front (UDF); he broke with the UDF (which remained under Muluzi's control) in February 2005, however, due to disagreements over Mutharika's anti-corruption campaign. He then formed a new party, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), but lacked a parliamentary majority for the rest of his first term. He won a second term in the May 2009 election. His supporters credit him with responsible policies that have encouraged economic growth.

Born Brightson Webster Ryson Thom in Thyolo, about 30km from Malawi's commercial capital, Blantyre, he reverted to the family name of Mutharika and adopted the first name of Bingu during the 1960s when pan-Africanism was sweeping across the continent.

Mutharika was the son of a primary school headmaster. He was educated at the University of Delhi, India, where he gained a master's degree in economics. He later obtained a PhD in development economics from Pacific Western University.

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