Portal:Maharashtra

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The Maharashtra Portal

Location of Maharashtra in India
Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र, literally: Great Nation) is India's third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population. It is bordered by the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and is home to 96 million people. The Arabian Sea makes up the state's western coast. Mumbai, India's largest city, is the capital of Maharashtra. Maharashtra's earliest recorded history dates back to the 3rd century BC, and was once part of Ashoka's Magadha Empire. It came under |Islamic influence in the 13th century before becoming the seat of the Maratha Empire led by Shivaji in the 17th century. The modern state was created in 1960 with the Bombay State being split into Gujarat and Maharashtra.Late Shri Yashwantrao Chavan was the first Chief Minister of Maharastra. Today Maharashtra is India's most industrialised state, and its capital Mumbai is the commercial centre of India, with the majority of corporate institutions being located in the city, in addition to the Bombay Stock Exchange, India's largest. Mumbai is also home to the Hindi Bollywood, the largest film industry in the world.

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Geography of Maharashtra
Maharashtra is the third largest state (in area) in India after Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It covers an area of 307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi) and is bordered by the states of Madhya Pradesh to the North, Chhattisgarh to the East, Telangana to the South-East, Karnataka to the South and Goa to the South-West. The state of Gujarat lies to the northwest, with the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli sandwiched between the borders. The Arabian Sea makes up Maharashtra's west coast. Maharashtra consists of two major relief divisions. The plateau is a part of the Deccan tableland and the Konkan coastal strip abutting on the Arabian Sea.

Located in the north centre of Peninsular India, with a command of the Arabian Sea through its port of Mumbai, Maharashtra has a remarkable physical homogeneity, enforced by its underlying geology. The dominant physical trait of the state is its plateau character. The Sahyadri Range is the physical backbone of Maharashtra. Rising on an average to an elevation of 1,000 m (3,300 ft), it falls in steep cliffs, to the Konkan on the west. Eastwards, the hill country falls in steps through a transitional area known as Malwa to the plateau level. The series of crowning plateau on the crest forms a distinctive feature of the Sahyadri Range.

The Konkan, lying between the Arabian Sea and the Sahyadri Range is narrow coastal lowland, barely 50 km (31 mi) wide. Though mostly below 200 m (660 ft), it is far from being a plain country. Highly dissected and broken, the Konkan alternates between narrow, steep-sided valleys and low laterite plateau. Except around Mumbai, and along the eastern limits, the State of Maharashtra presents a monotonously uniform, flat-topped skyline. This topography of the state is the outcome of its geological structure.

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Fishing boats parked at Anjarle Creek (Konkan), Maharashtra.

Fishing boats parked at Anjarle Creek (Konkan), Maharashtra.
Fishing boats used to catch fish in the sea, or on a lake or river. Traditional fishing is any kind of small scale, commercial or subsistence fishing practices using traditional techniques such as rod and tackle, throw nets and drag nets, etc.

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Vishnu Vāman Shirwādkar (Marathi: विष्णु वामन शिरवाडकर) (27 February 1912 – 10 March 1999), popularly known by his pen name, Kusumāgraj (Marathi: कुसुमाग्रज), was an eminent Marathi poet, playwright, novelist, short story writer, apart from being a humanist, who wrote of freedom, justice and emancipation of the deprived. In a career spanning five decades starting in pre-independence era, he wrote 16 volumes of poems, three novels, eight volumes of short stories, seven volumes of essays, 18 plays and six one-act plays.

His works like the Vishakha (1942), a collection of lyrics, inspired a generation into the Indian freedom movement, and is today considered one of the masterpieces of Indian literature, apart from his play, Natsamrat which has important place in Marathi literature. He was the recipient of several State awards, and National awards including the 1974 Sahitya Akademi Award in Marathi for Natsamrat, Padma Bhushan (1991) and the Jnanpith Award in 1987; he also remained chairperson of the Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan in 1989.

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