Portal:Lutheranism

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Introduction

Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Catholic Church launched the Protestant Reformation in the German-speaking territories of the Holy Roman Empire. Beginning with the Ninety-Five Theses, first published in 1517, Luther's writings were disseminated internationally, spreading the early ideas of the Reformation beyond the influence and control of the Roman Curia and the Holy Roman Emperor. The split between the Lutherans and the Catholics was made public and clear with the 1521 Edict of Worms: the edicts of the Diet condemned Luther and officially banned citizens of the Holy Roman Empire from defending or propagating his ideas, subjecting advocates of Lutheranism to forfeiture of all property, half of the seized property to be forfeit to the imperial government and the remaining half forfeit to the party who brought the accusation. The divide centered primarily on two points: the proper source of authority in the church, often called the formal principle of the Reformation, and the doctrine of justification, often called the material principle.

Selected article

Philipp Jacob Spener, the "Father of Pietism".
Pietism was a movement within Lutheranism, lasting from the late 17th century to the mid 18th century and later. It proved to be very influential throughout Protestantism and Anabaptism, inspiring not only Anglican priest John Wesley to begin the Methodist movement, but also Alexander Mack to begin the Brethren movement. The Pietist movement combined the Lutheranism of the time with the Reformed, and especially Puritan, emphasis on individual piety, and a vigorous Christian life.

Selected biography

Matthias Flacius.png
Matthias Flacius Illyricus (Latin; Croatian Matija Vlačić Ilirik, German Matthias Flach) (March 3, 1520-March 11, 1575) was a Lutheran reformer. He was born in Carpano, a part of Albona (today Labin) in Istria, son of Andrea Vlacich alias Francovich and Jacobea Luciani, daughter of a wealthy and powerful Albonian family. His mother's uncle was the Lutheran Baldo Lupetina who later was condemned to death in Venice for his faith. His polemics have usually been passed over as distasteful by church historians; however he stands at the beginning of the scientific study of church history. Regardless of Flacius's polemic intent, the correction of bad history and bad exegesis has been valuable to persons of many faith and non-faith traditions. Hence the continuing value of the principles embodied in Flacius' Catalogus testium veritatis (1556; revised edition by J. C. Dietericus, 1672) and his Clavis scripturae sacrae (1567), followed by his Glossa compendiaria in N. Testamentum (1570). His characteristic formula, historia est fundamentum doctrinae, is better understood now than in his own day.

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Book of Concord: Apostles' CreedNicene CreedAthanasian CreedAugsburg ConfessionApology of the Augsburg ConfessionLuther's Small CatechismLuther's Large CatechismSmalcald ArticlesTreatise on the Power and Primacy of the PopeFormula of Concord

Theology: JustificationLaw and GospelSola gratiaSola scripturaChristologySanctificationTwo KingdomsPriesthood of all believersDivine ProvidenceMarian theologyTheology of the CrossSacramental Union

Sacraments & Rites: BaptismEucharistConfessionConfirmationMatrimonyAnointing of the SickHoly Orders

Globally: Confessional Evangelical Lutheran ConferenceInternational Lutheran CouncilLutheran World FederationList of Lutheran church-bodies

History: Protestant ReformationThe start of the ReformationReformation in Denmark-Norway and HolsteinReformation in FinlandReformation in GermanyReformation in IcelandReformation in SwedenLutheran OrthodoxyGnesio-LutheransPietistsHaugeansLaestadiansFinnish AwakeningOld LutheransNeo-LutheransHigh Church LutheransConfessional Lutherans

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