Portal:Lower Saxony

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A warm welcome to the
Lower Saxony Portal.

Here you will find an overview of the main articles in English Wikipedia connected with the German state of Lower Saxony.
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New town hall Hannover.jpg

Lower Saxony lies in north-western Germany and is the country's second largest federal state. It is named after a historical province that emerged during the Middle Ages; its capital is Hanover.

Much of northern Lower Saxony is a vast lowland of heath and bog, part of the North German Plain. It includes the Lüneburg Heath - an expanse of heather, bracken, pine, bog and fields interspersed with small towns and villages - that gained its wealth, historically, from the salt trade centred on Lüneburg, but was also the site of the surrender of North Germany at the end of the Second World War. Today, much of the area is a nature park, but retains its military connexions, being home to the largest military training area in Europe. To the northwest were once great marshes by the North Sea, but these have largely been reclaimed and are famous for cattle and horse rearing. Off the North Sea coast is a string of islands, popular with holidaymakers, known as the East Frisians.

In the south are some of the most fertile plains in Europe: the Börde around Hanover and the north Harz Foreland. Away to the southwest the Weser Uplands form a series of knife-edge ridges, and whaleback hills sliced by the River Weser. And in the far southeast, the Harz has Lower Saxony's only mountains. Formerly the greatest silver mining area in Europe, the area is now a popular tourist destination.

The River Elbe marks Lower Saxony's eastern boundary, once part of the Inner German border where West faced East across the Iron Curtain. More...

Geography and nature
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Rural districts (Landkreise): Ammerland - Aurich - Grafschaft Bentheim - Celle - Cloppenburg - Cuxhaven - Diepholz - Emsland - Friesland - Gifhorn - Goslar - Göttingen - Hameln-Pyrmont - Region Hanover - Harburg - Helmstedt - Hildesheim - Holzminden - Leer - Lüchow-Dannenberg - Lüneburg - Nienburg/Weser - Northeim - Oldenburg - Osnabrück - Osterholz - Osterode am Harz - Peine - Rotenburg - Schaumburg - Soltau-Fallingbostel - Stade - Uelzen - Vechta - Verden - Wesermarsch - Wittmund - Wolfenbüttel
Self-governing towns and cities (Kreisfreie Städte): Brunswick - Delmenhorst - Emden - Oldenburg (Oldb) - Osnabrück - Salzgitter - Wilhelmshaven - Wolfsburg
Important towns and cities : Aurich - Brunswick - Bückeburg - Celle - Cloppenburg - Cuxhaven - Delmenhorst - Duderstadt - Emden - Gifhorn - Goslar - Göttingen - Hameln - Hanover - Hann. Münden - Hildesheim - Jever - Leer - Lehrte - Lingen - Lüneburg - Meppen - Nienburg (Weser) - Norden - Nordhorn - Norderney - Northeim - Oldenburg - Osnabrück - Osterholz-Scharmbeck - Peine - Rinteln - Rotenburg (Wümme) - Salzgitter - Soltau - Stade - Stadthagen - Vechta - Verden (Aller) - Wilhelmshaven - Wolfenbüttel - Wunstorf - Wolfsburg
Rivers: Aller - Böhme - Elbe - Ems - Großer Aue - Hamme - Hase - Hunte - Ilmenau - Jade - Jeetzel - Jümme - Leda - Leine - Luhe - Ochtum - Oker - Örtze - Oste - Rhume - Schunter - Vechte - Weser - Wietze (tributary of the Aller) - Wietze (tributary of the Örtze) - Wümme
Coastal waters: Dollart - Jade Bight - Leybucht - Lower Weser - Wadden Sea
Lakes: Dümmer - Großes Meer - Steinhuder Meer - Zwischenahner Meer
Reservoirs: Alfsee - Grane - Innerste - Maschsee - Oder - Oker - Salzgittersee - Söse
Mountains and hills: (List) - Achtermannshöhe - Bocksberg - Bruchberg - Damme Hills - Deister - Die Gleichen - Haferberg - Hasselkopf - Große Blöße - Großer Knollen - Köterberg - Ravensberg - Rehberg - Schalke - Sonnenberg - Stöberhai - Süntel - Wurmberg
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Landscapes and regions: Altes Land - Ammerland - Brunswick Land - Butjadingen - Drawehn - East Frisia - Eastphalia - Eichsfeld - Elbe–Weser triangle - Elm - Emsland - Friesland - Geest - Harz - Hildesheim Börde - Hümmling - Jeverland - Land Hadeln - Leine Uplands - Lüneburg Heath - Middle Weser Region - Middle Weser ValleyOldenburg Land - Oldenburg Münsterland - Osnabrück Land - Osterholz Geest - Rheiderland - Saterland - Schaumburg Land - Stadland - Stedingen - Teufelsmoor - Upper Weser ValleyWendland - Weser Uplands - Wesermarsch - Wildeshausen Geest - Wingst - Weser Depression - Wümme Depression - Land Wursten
Islands: Borkum - Juist - Norderney - Baltrum - Langeoog - Spiekeroog - Wangerooge (see also: East Frisian Islands) - Kachelotplate - Lütje Hörn- Mellum - Memmert
Nature conservation: Breites Wasser - Lüneburg Heath - Wildeshausen Geest - Harz - Drömling - Elbhöhen-Wendland Nature Park - Elm-Lappwald Nature Park - Steinhuder Meer Nature Park - Lower Saxon Wadden Sea National Park - Weser Uplands-Schaumburg-Hamelin Nature Park

Politics, history and religion

Politics and politicians: Landtag of Lower Saxony - Ernst Albrecht - Gerhard Schröder - Christian Wulff - Sigmar Gabriel - German-Hanoverian Party
History: Battle of Soltau - Chauci - East Frisia - Engern - Friesen - Hildesheim Diocesan Feud - Lüneburg Prelates' War - Lüneburg War of Succession - Lower Saxons - Saxon Steed
Historic territories: Kingdom of Hanover - Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg - Grand Duchy of Oldenburg - Duchy of Bremen - Duchy of Brunswick - Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg - Duchy of Saxony - Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel - Principality of Calenberg - Principality of Göttingen - Principality of Lüneburg - Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe - County of Hoya
Historic people: Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg - Duke Anthony Ulrich - George II, King of Great Britain and Ireland - the Göttingen Seven - Henry the Lion - Brunonen - Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg - Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg - Helmold of Bosau -Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel - The Black Duke - Widukind - William, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe - Till Eulenspiegel - Charles II, Duke of Brunswick - Dietrich Klagges - Hartmann Lauterbacher - Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony - Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor - See also: List of the rulers of Lüneburg - List of the rulers of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel - List of people from Braunschweig
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran State Church of Hanover - Evangelical Lutheran State Church of Brunswick - Evangelical Lutheran Church in Oldenburg - Roman Catholic Diocese of Hildesheim - Roman Catholic Diocese of Osnabrück - Roman Catholic Diocese of Münster - Evangelical Reformed Church – Synod of Reformed Churches in Bavaria and Northwestern Germany

Culture, business, education and science

Literature, theatre and film: Wilhelm Busch - Gotthold Ephraim Lessing - Georg Christoph Lichtenberg - Hermann Löns - Arno Schmidt - Ricarda HuchWilhelm Raabe - Otto Waalkes
Art and architecture: Lower Saxon house - Brunswick Cathedral - Gospels of Henry the Lion - Conrad Wilhelm Hase - Paula Modersohn-Becker - Kurt Schwitters - Weser Renaissance - Bursfelde Abbey - Ebstorf Abbey - Riddagshausen Abbey - Osten Transporter Bridge
Museums: Cloppenburg Museum Village - Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum - Sprengel Museum - Wilhelm Busch Museum - Hanover Tramway Museum - Lower Saxony Kleinbahn Museum - PS Speicher
Music and dance: Jazzkantine Lena Meyer-Landrut Scorpions Robin Schulz
Customs: Boßeln
Education and science: Georg August University - Brunswick University of Technology - University of Hanover - University of Osnabrück - Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg - Clausthal University of Technology - University of Lüneburg - Herzog August Library - University of Helmstedt - Carl Friedrich Gauß - Georg Christoph Lichtenberg
Languages: Low Saxon - Saterland Frisian - East Frisian Low Saxon - Eastphalian - Wangerooge Frisian
Food: Lower Saxon cuisine - Asparagus - Birnen, Bohnen und Speck - Braunschweiger - Bregenwurst - Brunswick Mum - Grünkohlessen - Heidschnucke - Knipp - Korn - Pinkel - Welf pudding

Economy, technology and transport

Media, sport and tourism


Lower Saxony in the Internet

  • The official English web pages of the state of Lower Saxony
Location of Lower Saxony within Germany
Higher level portals:


Lower level portals:
East Frisia - Elbe-Weser Triangle - Harz Mountains - Lüneburg Heath
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Featured article:
The Low Saxon house (Niedersachsenhaus) is the traditional name for the old timber-framed, hall farmhouse which is typical of the older farmsteads in Lower Saxony, but was also common across much of Northern Germany and even northern parts of Holland. Also referred to as the Low German house or Lower Saxon hall house (Niedersächsisches Hallenhaus) or, in German, as a Fachhallenhaus (bay and hall house), this type of farmhouse construction emerged during the 13th to 15th centuries. It is essentially an 'all-in-one' house (Einhaus), whereby the living accommodation, livestock stalls and crop storage is all combined under one roof. Today the Lower Saxon house is still very much part of the scene in many of the villages of North Germany and the Lower Rhine as well as the Westphalian region. More...

Otter at the Otter Centre

Did you know?

  • "Did you know... that the Hankensbüttel Otter Centre' won first prize in the German Ministry of Transport Regions of the Future competition in 2000?".

Flag of Lower Saxony.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Lower Saxony, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Lower Saxony.

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Coastal waters: Norder Tief - Lower Elbe

Regions: Deister-Süntel valley - Harlingen Land

Islands: Großer Knechtsand - Minsener Oog

Politics: Landtag elections of Lower Saxony - Lower Saxon constitution - Emsland plan

History: Lerigau - Lords of Jever - Département Oker - Rieseberg killings - Stahlhelm-Putsch - November revolution in Brunswick

Historic people: Heinrich Jasper - Abbot of Jerusalem - Maximilian Julius Leopold, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel - August Merges - Hermann Bote

Religion: Evangelical Lutheran State Church of Schaumburg-Lippe - Evangelical Old Reformed Church in Lower Saxony - Baptists in the Northwest

Literature, theatre and film: Lower Saxon State Library

Art and architecture: - Brunswick Lion - Imervard-Kreuz - Siebenarmiger Leuchter - St. Andrew's Church, Brunswick - St. Nicholas Church, Brunswick - Liberei - Richmond Castle, Brunswick - - Stechinelli House - Hermann Korb - Carl Theodor Ottmer - Brunswick Tales - Kaiserdom (Königslutter)

Museums: Lower Saxon State Museum - Lower Saxony Police Historical Collection

Customs: Traditional Brunswick costume - Traditional Schaumburg costume - Whitsun tree-planting

Education: High schools in Lower Saxony - University of Rinteln

Language: Brunswick Low German

Companies and businessmen: Berentzen - EWE - Oldenburgische Landesbank - Wilhelm Schimmel Pianofortefabrik GmbH - Brunsviga - Voigtländer - Westermann Verlag

Transport: Ems-Jade Canal - A 395

Media: Braunschweiger Zeitung - Nordwest-Zeitung - Münsterländische Tageszeitung - Ostfriesen-Zeitung - Hanoversche Allgemeine Zeitung - Neue Presse - Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung - Ostfriesische Nachrichten - Elbe-Jeetzel-Zeitung - Landeszeitung für die Lüneburger Heide

Sport: EHC Wolfsburg - Wilhelmshavener HV

Places of interest and tourist destinations: Autostadt Wolfsburg


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