Portal:Liquor

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Introduction

Liquor bottles array.jpg
Rows of distilled beverages in a bar

A distilled beverage, spirit, liquor, hard liquor or hard alcohol is an alcoholic beverage produced by distillation of a mixture produced from alcoholic fermentation. This process purifies it and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content (commonly expressed as alcohol by volume, ABV). As distilled beverages contain more alcohol they are considered "harder" – in North America, the term 'hard liquor' is used to distinguish distilled beverages from undistilled ones, which are implicitly weaker.

Examples of distilled beverages include vodka, gin, rum, whisky, eau de vie (fruit brandy or schnapps), tequila, baijiu, soju, aguardiente, pálinka, cachaça, mamajuana, singani, borovička and slivovitz. Brandy is a spirit produced by the distillation of wine, and has an ABV content of over 35%. Distilled beverages bottled with added sugar and added flavorings are known as liqueurs, which includes beverages such as Grand Marnier, Frangelico, and American schnapps.

Distilled beverages are served in many ways, including neat/straight, as a shot, straight up, on the rocks, as an ingredient in a cocktail, as a mixer, blended or frozen, in a gelatin shot, and with water.

Selected article

Lemon Drop cocktails
The Lemon Drop is a vodka-based cocktail that has a lemony, sweet and sour flavor, whereby the sweet and sour ingredients serve to contrast and balance one-another. It has been described as a variant of, or as "a take on", the vodka Martini. It is prepared with the addition of lemon juice, triple sec and simple syrup. Plain or citrus-flavored vodka may be used in its preparation, such as citron vodka, and lemon-flavored vodka is also sometimes used. It is typically prepared and served straight up, meaning that it is shaken or stirred with ice, strained, and served in a stemmed glass, such as a Martini glass.

The drink was invented sometime in the 1970s by Norman Jay Hobday, the founder and proprietor of Henry Africa's bar in San Francisco, California. After its invention, the drink swiftly spread to many San Francisco saloons. Some variations of the drink exist, such as blueberry and raspberry Lemon Drops. It is served at some bars and restaurants in the United States, and in such establishments in other areas of the world.


Selected biography

Jameson Irish Whiskey
John Jameson, a Scottish businessman, and his son, also named John Jameson, formally established the The John Jameson and Son Irish Whiskey company in 1810 when they took ownership of the Bow Street Distillery in Dublin, Ireland, which had originally been built by his wife's cousins the Steins in 1780. Jameson was a Scottish lawyer from Alloa in Clackmannanshire who had married Margaret Haig, a sister of the Haig brothers who owned the Haig distilleries. Margaret Haig was a first cousin of the Steins, a Scottish distilling family, also from Clackmannanshire, with significant distilling interests in Scotland and Dublin. On his marriage to Margaret Haig in 1786, John Jameson moved with his new wife to Dublin to manage the Stein's Bow Street Distillery (which had been established in 1780) for Margaret's Stein uncle. This explains the use of the year 1780 in Jameson marketing as the Bow Street Distillery was where Jameson Irish Whiskey was born. Portraits of John and Margaret Jameson by Sir Henry Raeburn are in the collection of the National Gallery of Ireland.


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More Wikimedia content about distilled beverages
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More Wikimedia content about distilleries
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Books Media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database

Web resources

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  • Distilled spirit. Encyclopædia Britannica.
  • Distilled beverages (category). Wiktionary.
  • Standards of Identity for Distilled Spirits. U.S. Government Publishing Office.
  • The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States

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