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Distilled beverages at a bar    The Liquor Portal    Liquor shelves at a hotel


An old whiskey still

Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, spirit, or distilled drink) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation. The distillation process purifies the liquid and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content (commonly expressed as alcohol by volume, ABV). As liquors contain significantly more alcohol, they are considered "harder" – in North America, the term hard liquor is used to distinguish distilled alcoholic drinks from non-distilled ones.

As examples, this term does not include beverages such as beer, wine, mead, sake, or cider, as they are fermented but not distilled. These all have a relatively low alcohol content, typically less than 15%. Brandy is a liquor produced by the distillation of wine, and has an ABV of over 35%. Other examples of liquors include vodka, baijiu, gin, rum, tequila, mezcal, and whisky. (Also see list of alcoholic drinks, and liquors by national origin.)

Selected article

Eva Ekeblad
Eva Ekeblad (10 July 1724–15 May 1786) was a Swedish countess who was a salon hostess, agronomist, and scientist. She was widely known for discovering a method in 1746 to make alcohol and flour from potatoes, allowing greater use of scarce grains for food production, significantly reducing Sweden's incidence of famine. Ekeblad was the first female member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (1748).

Selected biography

Jack Daniel
Jasper Newton "Jack" Daniel (c. September 5, 1850 – October 10, 1911) was an American distiller and the founder of the Jack Daniel's Tennessee whiskey distillery. According to one source, he was born in September 1850, in or around Lynchburg, Tennessee. Daniel was the youngest of ten children born to Calaway and Lucinda (née Cook) Daniel. Jack Daniel never married and did not have any children. However, he took his nephews under his wing – one of whom was Lemuel "Lem" Motlow (1869–1947). Lem, a son of Daniel's sister, Finetta, was skilled with numbers, and was soon doing all of the distillery's bookkeeping. In 1907, due to failing health, Jack Daniel gave the distillery to two of his nephews. Daniel died from blood poisoning at Lynchburg in 1911.



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  • Distilled spirit. Encyclopædia Britannica.
  • Distilled beverages (category). Wiktionary.
  • Standards of Identity for Distilled Spirits. U.S. Government Publishing Office.
  • The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States

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