Portal:Linguistics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For a topical guide of this subject, see Outline of linguistics

Welcome to the Linguistics Portal!

Syntactic tree

Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and is largely divided into two major fields: theoretical linguistics and applied linguistics. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist.

Theoretical (or general) linguistics encompasses seven major sub-fields: phonetics (the study of the isolated sounds of speech), phonology (the study of speech sound systems and their mental representations), morphology (the study of the grammatical rules for word formation), syntax (the study of word order), lexis (the study of words), semantics (the study of meaning) and pragmatics (the study of meaning in context) which, together, allow for a description of the way a language works to convey meaning from one speaker to another. Applied linguistics encompasses diverse fields such as language education, second language acquisition, effect of society on language, or language's relationship to psychology, and so on.

Selected article

In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language, which differ in only one phonological element, such as a phone, phoneme, toneme or chroneme and have a distinct meaning. They are used to demonstrate that two phones constitute two separate phonemes in the language.

As an example for English vowels, the pair "let" + "lit" proves that the phones [ɛ] (in let) and [ɪ] (in lit) do in fact represent distinct phonemes /ɛ/ and /ɪ/. An example for English consonants is the minimal pair of "pat" + "bat". In phonetics, this pair, like any other, differs in number of ways. In this case, the contrast appears largely to be conveyed with a difference in the voice onset time of the initial consonant as the configuration of the mouth is same for [p] and [b]; however, there is also a possible difference in duration, which visual analysis using high quality video supports.

Did you know...


From Wikipedia's "Did You Know" archives:

The number 605 in Khmer Numerals



Things you can do



There are no active tasks for this page



    WikiProjects

    The following WikiProjects work to improve topics concerned with linguistics:
    Tower of Babel cropped square.jpg
    Penrose triangle.svg
    Globe of letters.svg
    書.svg
    P human body.svg
    Linguistics Dyslexia & Alexia Languages Writing systems Anthropology


    Related Portals


    Associated Wikimedia

    The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

    Wikibooks
    Books

    Commons
    Media

    Wikinews 
    News

    Wikiquote 
    Quotations

    Wikisource 
    Texts

    Wikiversity
    Learning resources

    Wikivoyage 
    Travel guides

    Wiktionary 
    Definitions

    Wikidata 
    Database

    Wikispecies 
    Species


    Purge server cache

    Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Linguistics&oldid=801698832"
    This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Linguistics
    This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Portal:Linguistics"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA