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Portal:Library and information science

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The Library and Information Science Portal

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Introduction

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Library science and information science are two closely related and often intersecting disciplines that deal primarily with the organization and retrieval of information.

Library science is an interdisciplinary social science incorporating the humanities, law and applied science and studying topics related to libraries; the collection, organization and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. Library science has also historically included archival science, although a conceptual distinction between libraries and archives has evolved over time.

Amongst the varied topics of study that fall within library science: how information resources are organized to serve the needs of select user groups; how people interact with classification systems and technology; how information is acquired, evaluated and applied by people in and outside of libraries as well as cross-culturally; how people are trained and educated for careers in libraries; the ethics that guide library service and organization; the legal status of libraries and information resources, and the applied science of information technology used in documentation and records management. Library science is constantly evolving, incorporating new topics like database management, information architecture and knowledge management.

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Information science (also referred to as information studies) is an interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. Information science studies the application and usage of knowledge in organizations, and the interaction between people, organizations and information systems. It is often, though not exclusively, studied as a branch of computer science or informatics and is closely related to the cognitive and social sciences.

...More about library science More about information science...
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Selected article

Carnegie library, opened in 1913 in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, designed in Spanish Colonial style
Carnegie libraries are libraries which were built with money donated by Scottish-American businessman Andrew Carnegie. Over 2,500 Carnegie libraries were built, including public and university libraries. Carnegie earned the nickname Patron Saint of Libraries.

Of the 2,509 libraries funded between 1883 and 1929, 1,689 were built in the United States, 660 in Britain and Ireland, 156 in Canada, and others in Australia, New Zealand, the Caribbean, and Fiji. Very few towns that requested a grant and agreed to his terms were refused. When the last grant was made in 1919, there were 3,500 libraries in the United States, nearly half of them paid for by Carnegie.

In the early 20th century, a Carnegie library was the most imposing structure in hundreds of small American communities from Maine to California. Contrary to the belief of many people, most of the library buildings were unique, displaying a number of different Beaux-Arts and other architectural styles, including Italian Renaissance, Baroque, Classical Revival and Spanish Colonial. Each style was chosen by the community and was typically simple and formal, welcoming patrons to enter through a prominent doorway, nearly always accessed via a staircase. The staircase was intended to show that the person was elevating himself. Similarly, outside virtually every branch a lamppost or lantern symbolized enlightenment.

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Selected quote

There’s no use going to school unless your final destination is the library.
Ray Bradbury, unknown
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Selected biography

Mayme Agnew Clayton (August 4, 1923 – October 13, 2006) was a librarian, and the Founder, President & Spiritual Leader of the Western States Black Research and Education Center (WSBREC), the largest privately held collection of African-American historical materials in the world. The collection represents the core holdings of the Mayme A. Clayton Library Museum and Cultural Center (MCL) located in Culver City, California.

Over the course of 45 years, Clayton single-handedly and with her own resources, collected more than 30,000 rare and out-of-print books. The collection is considered one of the most important for African-American materials. Her collecting grew from her work as a librarian, first at the University of Southern California and later at the University of California, Los Angeles, where she began to build an African-American collection. Clayton, an avid golfer, traveled for her sport, trolling for rare finds wherever she went. The centerpiece of the collection that grew this way is a signed copy of Phillis Wheatley’s Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, from 1773. First published by an American of African descent, the book was acquired for $600 from a New York dealer in 1973. In 2002 it was appraised at $30,000.

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Did you know...

Montana State University's Renne Library

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In the news

  • March,2012, Muhammad Shahid Soroya elected as President Punjab University Library & Information Science Alumni Association (PULISAA) in Pakistan
  • September 21, 2011 - Library vendor OverDrive, Inc. adds Amazon Kindle compatible E-books to public and school libraries, allowing library lending over Amazon's Whispernet technology.(OverDrive)


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Selected picture

Library of Celsus
Image credit: Benh Lieu Song
The library of Celsus is an ancient Roman building in Ephesus, Anatolia, Turkey. It was built in 135 AD to store 12,000 scrolls and to serve as a monumental tomb for Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus.
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Categories

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WikiProjects

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Things you can do

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Topics in library and information science


The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to library science:

Library science – study of issues related to libraries and the information fields. This includes academic studies regarding how library resources are used and how people interact with library systems. The organization of knowledge for efficient retrieval of relevant information is also a major research goal of library science. Being interdisciplinary, it overlaps with computer science, various social sciences, statistics, and systems analysis. It is also called "library and information science", abbreviated "LIS".


Essence of library science

Branches of library science

Types of library-science professionals

History of library science

History of library science

Types of libraries

Specific libraries

Library resources

Information media

Types of publications

Catalogs and indexes

Information science

Organization of information

Electronic information storage and retrieval

Infometrics

Scientometrics

Scientometrics – studies quantitative aspects of science

Informatics

Informatics

Information and society

Library operations and management

Library management

Research methods

Organizing and searching Wikipedia

Selection and acquisition of library materials

Preservation

Preservation

Other library services and processes

Politics of library science

Legal issues

Laws

Legal precedents

Social issues

Education and training

Education for librarianship

Academic courses in library science

Professional organizations

Notable people in library science

See also

External links

  • Visualizing Library and Information Science from the practitioner’s perspective
  • LISNews.org Librarian and Information Science News
  • LISWire.com Librarian and Information Science Wire
  • Library and Information Science at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

History

  • Jefferson's Library - Exhibition including a sample page from "Catalog of Library of Thomas Jefferson"
  • Chronology of information science and technology - From the 17th to the 20th century
  • Chronology of chemical information science
  • Information science pioneers - Biographies of pioneers and famous information scientists
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Related portals

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Associated Wikimedia

Libraries on Wikibooks     Libraries on Wikinews     Libraries on Wikiquote     Libraries on Wikimedia Commons     Libraries on Wikisource
Books News Quotes Images Texts
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Portals?

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