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Portal:Library and information science

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The Library and Information Science Portal

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Introduction

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Library science and information science are two closely related and often intersecting disciplines that deal primarily with the organization and retrieval of information.

Library science is an interdisciplinary social science incorporating the humanities, law and applied science and studying topics related to libraries; the collection, organization and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. Library science has also historically included archival science, although a conceptual distinction between libraries and archives has evolved over time.

Amongst the varied topics of study that fall within library science: how information resources are organized to serve the needs of select user groups; how people interact with classification systems and technology; how information is acquired, evaluated and applied by people in and outside of libraries as well as cross-culturally; how people are trained and educated for careers in libraries; the ethics that guide library service and organization; the legal status of libraries and information resources, and the applied science of information technology used in documentation and records management. Library science is constantly evolving, incorporating new topics like database management, information architecture and knowledge management.

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Information science (also referred to as information studies) is an interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. Information science studies the application and usage of knowledge in organizations, and the interaction between people, organizations and information systems. It is often, though not exclusively, studied as a branch of computer science or informatics and is closely related to the cognitive and social sciences.

...More about library science More about information science...
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Selected article

Book burning in Berlin, Germany on May 10, 1933.
Censorship is the removal or withholding of information from the public by a controlling group or body. Typically censorship is done by governments, religious groups, or the mass media, although other forms of censorship exist. The withholding of official secrets, commercial secrets, intellectual property, and privileged lawyer-client communication is not usually described as censorship when it remains within reasonable bounds. Because of this, the term "censorship" often carries with it a sense of untoward, inappropriate or repressive secrecy.

Censorship is closely related to the concepts of freedom of speech and freedom of expression. When overused, it is often associated with human rights abuse, dictatorship and repression.

The term "censorship" is often used as a pejorative term to signify a belief that a group controlling certain information is using this control improperly or for its own benefit, or preventing others from accessing information that should be made readily accessible (often so that conclusions drawn can be verified).

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Selected quote

Information can tell us everything. It has all the answers. But they are answers to questions we have not asked, and which doubtless don't even arise.
Jean Baudrillard, unknown
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Selected biography

Melvil Dewey (December 10, 1851–December 26, 1931) was the inventor of the Dewey Decimal Classification system for library classification.

In 1883 he became librarian of Columbia College, and in the following year founded the Columbia School of Library Economy, the first-ever institution organized for the instruction of librarians. This school, which was very successful, was removed to Albany, New York in 1890, where it was reestablished as the New York State Library School under his direction. From 1888 to 1906, he was director of the New York State Library and from 1888 to 1900 was secretary of the University of the State of New York, completely reorganizing the state library and making it one of the most efficient in America, as well as establishing the system of state traveling libraries and picture collections. In 1890 he helped to found the first state library association - the New York Library Association (NYLA) - and he was its first president, from 1890-1892.

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Did you know...

Central Library

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In the news

  • March,2012, Muhammad Shahid Soroya elected as President Punjab University Library & Information Science Alumni Association (PULISAA) in Pakistan
  • September 21, 2011 - Library vendor OverDrive, Inc. adds Amazon Kindle compatible E-books to public and school libraries, allowing library lending over Amazon's Whispernet technology.(OverDrive)


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Selected picture

Sainte-Geneviève Library
Image credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen
The Sainte-Geneviève Library is a public and university library in Paris, which inherited the collection of the Abbey of St Genevieve. It contains around 2 million documents. The current building has been designed and built between 1838 and 1850 by Henri Labrouste.
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Categories

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WikiProjects

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Things you can do

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Topics in library and information science


The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to library science:

Library science – study of issues related to libraries and the information fields. This includes academic studies regarding how library resources are used and how people interact with library systems. The organization of knowledge for efficient retrieval of relevant information is also a major research goal of library science. Being interdisciplinary, it overlaps with computer science, various social sciences, statistics, and systems analysis. It is also called "library and information science", abbreviated "LIS".


Essence of library science

Branches of library science

Types of library-science professionals

History of library science

History of library science

Types of libraries

Specific libraries

Library resources

Information media

Types of publications

Catalogs and indexes

Information science

Organization of information

Electronic information storage and retrieval

Infometrics

Scientometrics

Scientometrics – studies quantitative aspects of science

Informatics

Informatics

Information and society

Library operations and management

Library management

Research methods

Organizing and searching Wikipedia

Selection and acquisition of library materials

Preservation

Preservation

Other library services and processes

Politics of library science

Legal issues

Laws

Legal precedents

Social issues

Education and training

Education for librarianship

Academic courses in library science

Professional organizations

Notable people in library science

See also

External links

  • This outline displayed as a mindmap, at wikimindmap.com
  • Visualizing Library and Information Science from the practitioner’s perspective
  • LISNews.org Librarian and Information Science News
  • LISWire.com Librarian and Information Science Wire
  • Library and Information Science at DMOZ

History

  • Jefferson's Library - Exhibition including a sample page from "Catalog of Library of Thomas Jefferson"
  • Chronology of information science and technology - From the 17th to the 20th century
  • Chronology of chemical information science
  • Information science pioneers - Biographies of pioneers and famous information scientists
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Related portals

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Associated Wikimedia

Libraries on Wikibooks     Libraries on Wikinews     Libraries on Wikiquote     Libraries on Wikimedia Commons     Libraries on Wikisource
Books News Quotes Images Texts
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Portals?

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