Portal:Liberia

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Introduction

Flag of Liberia.svg

Liberia (/lˈbɪəriə/ (About this sound listen)), officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast. It is bordered by Sierra Leone to its west, Guinea to its north and Ivory Coast to its east, the Atlantic Ocean to its south. It covers an area of 111,369 square kilometers (43,000 sq mi) and has a population of around 4,700,000 people. English is the official language and over 20 indigenous languages are spoken, representing the numerous ethnic groups who make up more than 95% of the population. The country's capital and largest city is Monrovia.

The Republic of Liberia began as a settlement of the American Colonization Society (ACS), who believed black people would face better chances for freedom and prosperity in Africa than in the United States. The country declared its independence on July 26, 1847. The U.S. did not recognize Liberia's independence until February 5, 1862, during the American Civil War. Between January 7, 1822, and the American Civil War, more than 15,000 freed and free-born black people who faced legislated limits in the U.S., and 3,198 Afro-Caribbeans, relocated to the settlement. The black settlers carried their culture and tradition with them to Liberia. The Liberian constitution and flag were modeled after those of the U.S. On January 3, 1848, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a wealthy, free-born African American from Virginia who settled in Liberia, was elected as Liberia's first president after the people proclaimed independence.

Selected article

President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf with AFL forces in 2008

The Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL) are the armed forces of the Republic of Liberia. Founded as the Liberian Frontier Force in 1908, the military was retitled in 1956. For virtually all of its history, the AFL has received considerable materiel and training assistance from the United States. For most of the 1941–89 period, training was largely provided by U.S. advisers, though this assistance has not prevented the same generally low levels of effectiveness common to most of the armed forces in the developing world.

For most of the Cold War, the AFL saw little action, apart from a reinforced company group which was sent to ONUC in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the 1960s. This changed with the advent of the First Liberian Civil War in 1989. The AFL became entangled in the conflict, which lasted from 1989 to 1996–97, and then the Second Liberian Civil War, which lasted from 1999 to 2003.

The AFL is in the process of being reformed and retrained after being completely demobilized following the second civil war. The AFL currently consists of two infantry battalions, and a small Liberian National Coast Guard, which is being reformed. The Liberian Government has requested that a Nigerian Army officer serve as head of the military during the transitional period. (Read more...)

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World Food Programme in Liberia 002.jpg
Credit: 26th MEU(SOC) PAO, United States Marines

The Martin, a World Food Programme ship unloads pallets of high energy biscuits at the Freeport of Monrovia on August 15, 2003 during the Second Liberian Civil War.

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In the news

Wikinews Liberia portal
  • December 29: Liberia: Former football striker George Weah wins presidential election
  • January 31: US soldier who died after serving in Liberia tests negative for Ebola
  • October 3: Texas governor and health officials address public regarding Ebola case
  • September 10: WHO warns of thousands of new Ebola cases
  • August 11: WHO declares Ebola outbreak an international emergency
  • April 12: Spain's men remain on top of FIFA global rankings for April 2014
  • September 25: 2012 Report on Gender Equality and Development looks at women's issues in India
  • August 25: Sierra Leone sends lone athlete for the nation's second ever Paralympic Games
  • June 29: African Olympians and Paralympians prepare for their London odyssey
  • May 30: Charles Taylor gets 50 years for war crimes

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Selected biography

Hendrik Pieter Nicolaas Muller

Hendrik Pieter Nicolaas Muller (2 April 1859 in Rotterdam - 11 August 1941 in The Hague, Netherlands) was a Dutch businessman, diplomat, world traveler, publicist, and philanthropist. He was a son of Hendrik Muller Sz., a Rotterdam-based Dutch businessman and politician, and Marie Cornelie van Rijckevorsel, member of another prominent Rotterdam based business family.

Muller started his career as a businessman, trading with East and West Africa. He was a manager in his father's trading company Hendrik Muller & Co. that did business in Liberia, and made several visits to the country, in addition to travels to many parts of Africa and Asia. Later in life the Liberian government bestowed several honors on the Dutchman.

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