Portal:Laws in India

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Laws in India

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Law in India has evolved from religious prescription to the current constitutional and legal system we have today, traversing through secular legal systems and the common law. India has a recorded legal history starting from the Vedic ages and some sort of civil law system may have been in place during the Bronze Age and the Indus Valley civilization. Law as a matter of religious prescriptions and philosophical discourse has an illustrious history in India. Emanating from the Vedas, the Upanishads and other religious texts, it was a fertile field enriched by practitioners from different Hindu philosophy schools and later by Jains and Buddhists.


Secular law in India varied widely from region to region and from ruler to ruler. Court systems for civil laws and Indian criminal law matters were essential features of many ruling dynasties of Ancient India. Excellent secular court systems existed under the Mauryas (321-185 BCE) and the Mughals (16th - 19th centuries) with the latter giving way to the current common law system.


India maintains a common law legal system inherited from the colonial era and various legislation first introduced by the British are still in effect in modified forms today. During the drafting of the Indian Constitution. Law in India also adhere to the United Nations guidelines on human rights law and the environmental law. Certain International trade law, such as those on intellectual property, are also enforced in India. Law in India refers to the system of law in modern India. Indian Family court is fairly complex, with each religion adhering to its own specific laws. In most states, registering of marriages and divorces is not compulsory. Separate laws govern Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, and followers of other religions. The exception to this rule is in the state of Goa, where a uniform civil code is in place, in which all religions have a common law regarding marriages, divorces, and adoption.

However, since there are Central laws as well as State laws, its difficult to ascertain their exact numbers as on a given date.

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