Portal:Lahore

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Flag of Pakistan.svg The Lahore Portal

Location in Punjab, Pakistan

About this sound Lahore  (Punjabi: لہور, Urdu: لاہورHindustani pronunciation: [lahor]) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. It is often called the Garden of Mughals because of the heritage of the Mughal Empire. It is located near the Ravi River, close to the Pakistan-India border. Mughal structures such as the Badshahi Mosque, Ali Hujwiri, Lahore Fort, Shalimar Gardens and the mausoleums of Jehangir, and Nur Jehan are popular tourist spots in the city. Colonial British structures such as the Lahore High Court, General Post Office (GPO) and many of the older universities still retain their Mughal-Gothic style. Punjabi and Urdu are the native languages of the province and are the most widely spoken languages in Lahore and rural areas. Urdu and English, however, are becoming more popular with younger generations since they are officially supported, whereas Punjabi has no official patronage. Many people of Lahore who speak Punjabi are known as Lahori Punjabi due to their use of a mixture of Punjabi and colloquial Urdu. According to the 1998 census, Lahore's population was nearly 7 million. Mid-2006 government estimates now put the population at approximately 10 million.This makes Lahore the second largest city in Pakistan, fifth largest city in South Asia and the 26th largest city in the world.


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Walledcitylahore.jpg

The Walled City of Lahore, also known as the "Old City", or "Anderoon Shehr (اندرون شهر)", is the section of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan that was fortified by a city wall during the Mughal era. It covers an area of 256 ha with a population of 200,000. The city walls were destroyed shortly after the British annexed the Punjab in 1849 and were replaced with gardens, some of which exist today. The Circular Road links the old city to the urban network. Access to the Walled City is still gained through the 13 ancient gates, or their emplacements. The convoluted and picturesque streets of the inner city remain almost intact but the rapid demolition and frequently illegal rebuilding, which is taking place throughout the city, is causing the historic fabric to be eroded and replaced by inferior constructions. Walled City of Lahore had 13 gates which included ; Akbari Gate, Bhati Gate, Delhi Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Lohari Gate, Masti Gate, Mochi Gate, Mori Gate, Roshnai Gate, Shahalmi Gate, Shairanwala Gate, Taxali Gate, and Yakki Gate. All of these gates survived till 19th Century when the British, to derfortify the city, demolished almost all of the gates except Roshnai Gate. After that some were rebuilt except for Delhi Gate and Lohari Gate in simple structures. Shahalmi Gate was burnt to ground during the riots of 1947 while Akbari Gate was also demolished for repairs but was never built again . Today out of 13 only 6 gates survives which are ; Bhati Gate, Delhi Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Lohari Gate, Roshnai Gate and Shairanwala Gate. (More...)

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Samadhi of Ranjit Singh July 1 2005.jpg

Samadhi of Ranjit Singh in Lahore near the Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque. The samadhi or mausoleum was begun by his son Kharak Singh on the spot where he was cremated, and was completed by Duleep Singh in 1848.

Photo credit: Ali Imran

Administrative divisions of Lahore

Under the latest revision of Pakistan's administrative structure, promulgated in 2001, Lahore was tagged as a City District, and divided into nine towns. Each town in turn consists of a group of union councils (U.C.'s).

Administrative towns

  1. Ravi Town
  2. Shalimar Town
  3. Wagah Town
  4. Aziz Bhatti Town
  5. Data Gunj Bakhsh Town
  6. Gulberg Town
  7. Samanabad Town
  8. Iqbal Town
  9. Nishtar Town
  10. A. Lahore Cantonment
Lahore-Administrative towns.png

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Lahore Topics

  1. ^ "Town Nazims & Naib Town Nazims in the City District of Lahore". National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
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