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The Kosovo Portal

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Kosovo is a disputed territory[1][2] and partially recognised state[3][4] in Southeastern Europe. In antiquity, the Dardanian kingdom, and later Roman province of Dardania was located in the country. It was part of Serbia in the Middle Ages, during which time many important monasteries, some of which are now UNESCO World Heritage sites, were built. The Battle of Kosovo, in 1389, is regarded by Serbs as a defining moment in their history and identity. It was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century and would remain under Ottoman rule for the next five centuries. Kosovo was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbia after the First Balkan War, and with the constitution of Yugoslavia, the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija was created (Serbian: Аутономна Покрајина Косово и Метохија, Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo i Metohija) within the Yugoslav republic of Serbia. Long-term severe ethnic tensions between Kosovo's Albanian and Serb populations have left Kosovo ethnically divided, resulting in inter-ethnic violence, including the Kosovo War of 1999. The Kosovo War ended with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia accepting that it would give up the exercise of its sovereignty pending a final status settlement. Under UNSCR 1244, governance passed to the United Nations in 1999. The partially recognised Republic of Kosovo, declared itself an independent state in 2008, and has control over most of the territory, although North Kosovo, the largest Serb enclave, is largely under the control of institutions of the Republic of Serbia or parallel structures subsidised by Serbia. Serbia and a number of other countries do not recognise the secession of Kosovo and consider it a UN-governed entity within its sovereign territory.

Selected article

Overview of the Pristina center from the hill.png

Pristina (Albanian: Prishtinë or Prishtina; Serbian: Приштина or Priština), is the capital and the largest city of Kosovo.

It is estimated that the current population of the city stands between 550,000 and 600,000. The city has an overwhelming majority Albanian population alongside other smaller minority communities including Serbs and Romani. It is the political, cultural, and educational center of Kosovo. The city is home to the ancient Ulpiana settlement[5], the University of Pristina, and the Museum of Kosovo.

Selected biography

Adem Demaçi (born 26 February 1936 in Pristina) is a Kosovo Albanian activist.

Demaçi studied literature, law, and education in Prishtina, Belgrade, and Skopje respectively. In the 1950s, he published a number of short stories with pointed social commentary in the magazine Jeta e re (English: New Life), as well as a 1958 novel titled Gjarpijt e gjakut (English: The Snakes of Blood) exploring blood vendettas in Kosovo and Albania. The latter work brought him literary fame.[6]

Demaçi was first arrested for his opposition to the authoritarian government of Josip Broz Tito in 1958, serving three years in prison. He was again imprisoned 1964-1974 and 1975-1990. He was released from prison by new president of Serbia Slobodan Milošević.[6]

fter his release, he was Chairman of the Council for the Defense of Human Rights and Freedoms of the People of Kosovo from 1991 to 1995. He also served as editor-in-chief of Zëri, a magazine based in Pristina, from 1991 to 1993.[6][7] In 1991, he was awarded the European Parliament's Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought.[6]

In 1996, Demaçi moved into politics, replacing Bajram Kosumi as the president of the Parliamentary Party of Kosovo;[6] Kosumi became his vice-president. During this time, he proposed a confederation of states consisting of Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia that would be known as "Balkania". His prison record gave him credibility among Kosovars, but his tenure in party leadership was marked by factionalism and a lack of action.[7]

Voice of America pronunciation of "Adem Demaci" from the region of Albania.

Two years later, he joined the Kosova Liberation Army (KLA), serving as the head of its political wing.[6] In a 1998 interview with the New York Times, he refused to condemn the KLA's use of violence, stating that "the path of nonviolence has gotten us nowhere. People who live under this kind of repression have the right to resist."[8] In 1999, he resigned from the KLA after it attended peace talks in France, criticising the proposed deal for not guaranteeing Kosovo's independence. Sources stated that Demaçi had grown estranged from the KLA's younger, more pragmatic leadership, leaving him "faced with a decision of jumping or waiting to be pushed".[9]

Though Demaçi's wife left Kosovo before the war, he remained in Pristina with his 70-year-old sister during the entire Kosovo War.[6][10] He was critical of Ibrahim Rugova and other Albanian leaders who fled the conflict, stating that they were missing an important historical event.[11] Yugoslav soldiers arrested Demaçi twice, but were largely humane with him.[10]

Following the war, Demaçi served as director of Kosovo Radio and Television until January 2004. He remained active in politics, affiliated with Albin Kurti, head of the nationalist movement Vetëvendosje!.[6]

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Selected picture

Monument of Brotherhood and Unity in Pristina.jpg
Yugoslav World War II Monument of Brotherhood and Unity in Pristina.

In the news

In the news
  • February 10: German judge orders life sentence for nation's 'first Islamic-motivated terror attack'
  • August 9: Former Prime Minister of Finland Harri Holkeri dies aged 74
  • October 1: Man dies in Serbian enclave; could not call ambulance
  • September 27: President of Kosovo Fatmir Sejdiu resigns over breach of constitution
  • July 22: Kosovo independence ruled legal by International Court of Justice
  • November 15: Kosovo: voters go to the polls for the first time since independence declared from Serbia
  • October 9: European Parliament committee backs visa-free travel for Balkan countries
  • February 27: Former Serbian president Milutinovic acquitted of war crimes
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  1. ^ Michael Rossi (30 October 2014). "Five more inconvenient truths about Kosovo". TransConflict. 
  2. ^ Engjellushe Morina (April 2014). "Brussels "First Agreement" – A year after" (PDF). kas.de. Retrieved 4 July 2015. it has been a highly disputed territory 
  3. ^ Coppieters, Bruno; Fotion, Nick (2008). Moral Constraints on War: Principles and Cases (second ed.). Lexington Books. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-7391-2129-0. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Dr. Krylov, Aleksandr. "Is Kosovo Legally Recognised As A State International Law Essay". Analyticon. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  5. ^ http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cultureheritage/regional/see/IRPPSAAH/PTA/PTA_KosovoUNMIK_Ulpiana_APP.pdf
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Elsie, Robert (2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. pp. 73–4. ISBN 0810872315. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "ICG Kosovo Spring Report". International Crisis Group. 1 March 1998. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  8. ^ Hedges, Chris (13 March 1998). "Kosovo Leader Urges Resistance, but to Violence". New York Times. Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  9. ^ "Kosovo rebel leader quits". BBC News. 2 March 1999. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Erlanger, Steven (10 August 1999). "Champion of Free Kosova Now Urges Moderation". New York Times. Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  11. ^ Jacky Rowland (27 May 1999). "Kosovo leader calls for Nato troops". BBC News. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
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