Portal:Kollam

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The Kollam Portal

British Residency in Asramam, Kollam.jpg

Quilon, officially Kollam (Malayalam: കൊല്ലം, IPA: [koɭɭam]), is an old seaport and city on the Kerala coast of India. The city serves as administrative headquarters for Kollam district. It is one among the ancient civilizations in India.

The city is mentioned in historical citations dating back to Biblical times and the reign of King Solomon, connecting with Red Sea ports of the Arabian Sea (supported by the findings of ancient Roman coins from the seabeds of Kollam city). The teak wood used in building King Solomon’s throne was taken from Kollam. Kollam was one among the ancient settlements of the Portuguese, Dutch and British. Till the formation of Kerala state, Kollam was the business capital of the Travancore Kingdom. It is known as the "Cashew Capital of the World". Kollam is now one of the fastest growing cities in the country and is in fifth place among the Indian cities in terms of economic performance and per capita income.

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Paikkada road in Downtown Kollam - Once this road was the nerve centre of the Malabar Coast's business capital 'Quilon'

Downtown Kollam is the primary central business district in the city of Kollam, India. Located entirely within the former municipality of old Quilon, it is approximately bounded by Chinnakada to the east, Thangassery to the West, Cutchery to the north, and Mundakkal to the South. The area is popularly known for its business activities. Kollam was formerly an international emporium of trade and today remains a prosperous commercial centre.

The downtown area of Kollam has a long business history. Marco Polo, the Venician traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kubla Khan in 1275, visited Kollam and other towns on the west coast, in his capacity as a Chinese mandarin. He pointed out the that Old Kollam was the only town on the west coast of India with multi-story buildings, some of which still stand today. He found Christians and Jews living in Coilum (Kollam) as well as merchants from China and Arabia. Polo left a detailed account of Kollam in his writings, extracts of which are reproduced in the Travancore State Manual. A large number of cloths, vegetables, stationary, pharmaceuticals, and spice wholesale-retail dealers do business in the downtown area of this old industrial city and there are many hotels in the downtown area. The proximity to Kollam Port makes this area one of the biggest business centres in India. It also contains the buildings of the Kollam Municipal Corporation.

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Jalakeli Kendram, Kollam.jpg
Credit: Arunvrparavur


Water sport centre near Kollam Beach

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Paravur G.Devarajan

Paravoor Govindan Devarajan, popularly known as G. Devarajan or Devarajan master, was a Malayalam music composer. He is considered as one of the best music composers for Malayalam movies. His teaming up with Vayalar Rama Varma (lyricist) has produced the best songs in Malayalam movies. He has scored music for more than three hundred Malayalam films, many dramas, twenty Tamil and four Kannada movies. Many of his compositions remain ever green classics in Malayalam. Besides, his music in the Tamil film Annai Velankanni has received many accolades. Devarajan received Kerala Government's Best Music Director award five times, among other honours.

The first movie for which he composed music was Kaalam Maarunnu (1955). He teamed up with poet-lyricist Vayalar Ramavarma in Chathurangam in 1959. His third movie – and the second with Vayalar – Bharya (1962) became a huge hit and made them a popular combination. His captivating music earned him pride of place among those who had relentlessly strived to earn a dignified status for film songs. His combination with Vayalar produced the golden era of Malayalam film music. Devarajan is remembered by legendary singers in Malayalam like K. J. Yesudas and Jayachandran as their Godfather.

Did you know?

An evening view of Kollam Junction railway station

  • ...that Kollam–Sengottai railway line was the first railway line in Travancore Kingdom?
  • ...that Kollam is a rare Kerala city with crisscross waterways through the city which is in use for transportation and tourism?
  • ...that during the reign of the British, Kollam was known as Palace city of Kerala?

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Dredger ship 'Hansitha' washed ashore in Kollam city
Credit: Arunvrparavur

A dredger ship, Hansita, owned by Mumbai-based Megha Dredging Private Limited, had got stuck at Mundakkal Beach in Kollam after it lost moorings. The ship caught in a legal tangle, had been lying anchored 3 nautical miles off the Kollam coast since November 2013.

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Map of Kollam Bypass
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