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Kollam (IPA: [koɭɭəm]) About this soundpronunciation  also known by its former name Quilon (Coulão) About this soundpronunciation  and Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala. The city is on the banks Ashtamudi Lake. Kollam has had a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. Fed by the Chinese trade, it was mentioned by Ibn Battuta in the 14th century as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four year travels. Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam. In the 9th Century, on his way to Canton, China, Persian merchant Sulaiman al-Tajir found Kollam to be the only port in India visited by huge Chinese junks. Marco Polo, the Venetian traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublai Khan in 1275, visited Kollam and other towns on the west coast, in his capacity as a Chinese mandarin.

V. Nagam Aiya in his Travancore State Manual records that in 822 AD two East Syriac bishops Mar Sabor and Mar Proth, settled in Quilon with their followers. Two years later the Malabar Era began (824 AD) and Quilon became the premier city of the Malabar region ahead of Travancore and Cochin. Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Tangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland sea port of Kore-ke-ni Kollam near Backare (Thevalakara), which was also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils.

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Chinnakada Clock Tower in Kollam

Chinnakada Clock Tower is the landmark and insignia of the city of Kollam. As the first clock tower in the erstwhile Travancore state, it has now become a non-official emblem of the entire city and the major landmark of Kollam. Chinnakkada is considered the heart of the Kollam and one of the major junctions in the city where National Highways – NH 66 (Earlier NH 47) meets NH 744 (Earlier NH 208). Because of the presence of a huge traffic circle in the junction, it became one of the busiest junctions in the state.

The quadrangular clock tower in Chinnakada was built in 1944 by the natives as a tribute to Unichakam Veedu K G Parameshwaran Pillai, the former chairman of Kollam Municipality from 1932–48. Construction of the tower began in 1941 and was completed three years later in brick and white cement. The tower has four clocks facing the four directions of the city, which were brought from Kolkata.

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Stanley Roman

Stanley Roman (born on 4th June 1941) became the 13th bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon, India - The first Catholic diocese in India. He was nominated as the Bishop of Quilon on 29 October 2001, while he was serving as the Rector of Carmelgiri Seminary. Dr. Roman was consecrated on 16 December 2001.

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Present state of Kerala's first airport - Kollam Airport



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Ashtamudi Lake - Kollam city
Credit: Arunvrparavur

Ashtamudi Lake (Malayalam: അഷ്ടമുടി കായല്‍) is the second largest lake in Kerala. The lake covers the lion share of Kollam city corporation area. Ashtamudi lake is also holds Kollam city seaplane terminal. The lake was once used as the most popular transportation route in the state. City of Kollam is served by several boats and ferry services, operated by Kerala State Water Transport Department(KSWTD). Daily ferry services from Kollam KSWTD Ferry Terminal, situated on the banks of Lake Ashtamudi, connects the city with the suburbs like Munroe Island, Sampranikkodi, Guhanandapuram, Pezhumthuruthu, Muthiraparamb and Ayiramthengu.

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Map of Kollam Bypass

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