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Kiribati (/ˌkɪrɪˈbæs, -ˈbɑːti/), officially the Republic of Kiribati (Gilbertese: Ribaberiki Kiribati), is a country in Micronesia in the central Pacific Ocean. The permanent population is just over 110,000 (2015), more than half of whom live on Tarawa Atoll. The sovereign state comprises 32 atolls and reef islands and one raised coral island, Banaba. They have a total land area of 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi) and are dispersed over 3.5 million square kilometres (1.3 million square miles). Their spread straddles both the equator and the 180th meridian, although the International Date Line goes round Kiribati and swings far to the east, almost reaching the 150°W meridian. This brings the Line Islands into the same day as the Kiribati Islands. Kiribati's easternmost islands, the southern Line Islands, south of Hawaii, have the most advanced time on Earth: UTC+14 hours.

Kiribati became independent from the United Kingdom in 1979. The capital and now most populated area, South Tarawa, consists of a number of islets, connected by a series of causeways. These comprise about half the area of Tarawa Atoll.

Selected article

NASA orbital photo of Caroline Island

Caroline Island is the easternmost of the uninhabited coral atolls which comprise the southern Line Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. First sighted by Europeans in 1606, claimed by United Kingdom in 1868, and part of the Republic of Kiribati since the island nation's independence in 1979, Caroline Island has remained relatively untouched and is considered one of the world's most pristine tropical islands, despite guano mining, copra harvesting, and human habitation in the 19th and 20th centuries. It is home to one of the world's largest populations of the coconut crab and is an important breeding site for seabirds, most notably the Sooty Tern. The atoll is best known for its role in celebrations surrounding the arrival of the year 2000 – a 1995 realignment of the International Date Line made Caroline Island the easternmost land west of the Date Line and therefore one of the first points of land on earth to see sunrise in the year 2000. (More...)

Selected biography

Bureieta Karaiti is the general secretary of the Kiribati Protestant Church, the second-largest religious group in Kiribati.

In the news

From the Wikinews Kiribati category
  • March 26: Kiribati acquires international funding for solar power
  • May 11: World Bank gives Kiribati emergency aid
  • August 5: 21 sites added to Unesco World Heritage list
  • September 7: UN holding recruitment exams in under-represented countries

Additional news
  • Group of I-Kiribati youth head to New Zealand to work [1]
  • Two men arrested after unusual murder [2]
  • Air Kiribati to purchase two new planes [3]
  • I-Kiribati medical students perform well in Cuba [4]
  • Kiribati's new budget less than last years [5]
More Kiribati news on Wikinews


Selected images

Did you know?

DYK Question Mark Right

... that Kiribati became the 186th member of the United Nations in 1999?

... that Kiritimati is the largest coral atoll in the world?

... that Caroline Island is the first place in the world to see the New Year?

... that Banaba is the only Kiribati island that is not an atoll?

... that the Gilbertese language has only 13 letters?

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