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The Kerala Portal
India kerala.png Kerala is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. It is one of four states that compose the linguistic-cultural region known as South India. First settled in the 10th century BCE by speakers of Proto-South Dravidian, Kerala was influenced by the Mauryan Empire. Later, the Chera kingdom and feudal Nair city-states became major powers in the region.The states Cochin and travancore joined together to form thiru-cochin.finally malabar also joined in this state to became Kerala.the States Reorganisation Act of November 1, 1956 elevated Kerala to statehood. Social reforms enacted in the late 19th century by Travancore and Cochin were expanded upon by post-Independence governments, making Kerala among the Third World's healthiest, longest-lived, most gender-equitable, and most literate regions.

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The Nasrani Menorah or Syrian Cross also known as the Mar Thoma cross

The Saint Thomas Christians are a group of Christians from the Malabar Coast (now Kerala) in South India, who follow Syriac Christianity. The different groups and denominations within the St Thomas Christians together form the Nasrani people. Their tradition goes back to the very beginnings of first century Christian thought, and the eight churches (ezharappallikal) - 7 churches in Kerala and a church in Tiruvithamcode in Tamilnadu - that are believed to have been established by St. Thomas the Apostle.

The Nasranis are an ethnic people and in that sense a single community. However the Nasranis have various denominations as a result of Portuguese persecution. As an ethnic community they refer to themselves as Nasranis referring to the common cultural heritage and cultural tradition. However as a religious group they refer to themselves as the Mar Thoma Khristianis or in English as Saint Thomas Christians referring to their religious tradition, despite a common ancestry of being the descendants of the early Mar Thoma church or Saint Thomas tradition of Christianity.(more...)
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St. Angelo's Fort was built in 1505 by Dom Francisco de Almeida, the first Portuguese Viceroy of India and is on the Arabian sea about 3 km from Kannur town. The fort changed hands several times. In 1663 the Dutch captured it and sold it to the Arakkal Royal Family in 1772. The British conquered it in 1790 and transformed it into one of their major military stations on the Malabar Coast. It is fairly well preserved as a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India. A painting of this fort and the fishing ferry behind it can be seen in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. The Dutch captured the fort from the Portuguese in 1663, then later sold the fort to king Ali Raja of Arakkal.

In 1790 the British seized it and transformed it into their chief military station in Malabar.

In the 19th century, the British established the Cannanore Cantonment, which includes the St. Angelo Fort.

Photo credit: Kjrajesh

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