Portal:Kashmir

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Portal:Kashmir

COAT OF ARMS KASHMIR
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ξΛCэ ξΛΛπδэ ΛIC ςΛD TζI ΛΛᔨξæ CΛΛπэ ΣΛςээяæ
به درگاه سرزمین کشمیر خوش آمدید
Flag of Republic Kashmir
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Kashmir Kashmir Officially Republic of Kashmir (Listeni/kæʃmɪər/) Kashmiri: ΣΛςEEЯ -کٔشِیر / कॅशीर; Hindi: कश्मीर; Urdu: کشمیر‎; Uyghur: كەشمىر‎; Shina: کشمیر) is located in north western part of Indian subcontinent and Southern most part of Central Asia , granted special autonomy under Article 370 of the constitution of India governed by independent constitution Officially as Republic of Kashmir. It is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares a border with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. Jammu and Kashmir has an international border with Pakistan in west ,China and Tibet in the east saperated by thin control line from neighboring Afghanistan and central Asian republic of Tajikistan, and the Line of Control separates it from the Pakistani-controlled territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan in the west and northwest, respectively.

Kashmir has one of the oldest histories in the world, Kashmir is part to the world's oldest continuous major civilization and culture, with historical and urban settlements dating back to Pre Mahabharat Era more than 5000 years. Throughout history, Kashmir has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and South Asia. . Kashmir as a major geostrategic state occupies an important position in the South and central Asian economy due to its substantial Hydro electric resources, and has considerable regional influence in Asia. The name Kashmir is a cognate of "Kash and meer" and literally means "Land carved out of water"


Formerly a part of the erstwhile Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu and Greater Kashmir which governed the larger historic region of South and central Asia , the region is the subject of a territorial conflict among China, India Pakistan and Kashmiri people . Pakistan, which claims the territory as disputed, refers to it alternatively as "Indian-occupied Kashmir" or "Indian-held Kashmir," whereas some international agencies such as the United Nations call it "Indian-administered Kashmir."The regions under the control of Pakistan are referred to as "Pakistan-occupied Kashmir" (PoK) within India, as "Azad (Free) Jammu and Kashmir" in Pakistan, and as "Pakistan-administered Kashmir" or "Pakistan-controlled Kashmir" generally.

Jammu and Kashmir consists of three regions: Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu is the winter capital and Anantnag and Baramulla as major cities. The Kashmir valley is world famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape and beautiful culture , numerous shrines attract tens of thousands of pilgrims every year. Ladakh, also known as "Little Tibet", is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture. It is the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population.

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Selected article

The Nilamat Puran is a long epic composed in modern-day Kashmir Valley and is the national epic of Kashmir[1] along with Rajtarangini encompassing modern day regions of modern day India, Pakistan Afghanistan, Khorasan, Tajikistan, Modern Dardic regions of world.

The Nilmata opens with Janamejaya's enquiry from Vaisampayana as to why the king of Kashmir did not participate in the war of Mababharata although his kingdom was not less important than any other in the country. Vaisampayana states that some time before the Mababharata war was fought, king Gonanda of Kashmir had been invited by his relative Jarasandha to help him in a war against the yadavas. Gonanda complied with his request and was slain on the battle field by Lord Krishna's brother, Bala. In order to avenge his father's death, Gonanda's son Damodara went to Gandhara to fight with lord Krishna who had gone there to attend a Svayamvara. Krishna killed Damodara in the fight but taking into consideration the high sanctity of Kashmir he coronated his rival's pregnant widow Yasovati. Damodara's Posthumous son Bala Gonanda was a minor at the time of the great war, so he did not join either the Kauravas or the Pandavas. Vaismpayana points out the importance of Kashmir by referring to its numerous charms and its identification with Uma. He points out further that the valley was originally a lake known as Satisaras. This leads to the question about the origin of 'Kashmir' to which Vaisanipayana replies by relating a dialogue held previously between Gonanda and the sage Brahadasva.[2]

Selected biography

The Rishi order of Kashmir is a Sufi tradition associated with religious harmony. Many of the saints held dear by Kashmiris to this day were Sufi Rishis. The original Rishis include Sheikh Noor-ud-din Wali also known as Nund Rishi. The Rishi order has made an important contribution to Kashmiriyat, the ethnic, national, social and cultural consciousness of the Kashmiri people, as well as a distinctive contribution to global Islam.

The 17th-century poet Baba Nasib sums up the impact of the Rishi order thus: "The candle of religion is lit by the Rishis, they are the pioneers of the path of belief. The heart-warming quality of humble souls emanates from the inner purity of the hearts of the Rishis. This vale of Kashmir, that you call a paradise, owes a lot of its charm to the traditions set in vogue by the Rishis."[3]

The original Rishi Sufis were focused on seclusion and emphasis on meditation. In his memoirs, Jahangir says that "though they have no religious knowledge or learning of any sort, yet they possess simplicity and are without pretence. They abuse no one. They restrain the tongue of desire and the foot of seeking. They eat no flesh, they have no wives and always plant fruit bearing trees in the fields so that men may benefit by them, themselves desiring no advantage. There are about 2,000 of these people."[4]

In recent years, the history of the Rishi order has attracted interest from scholars such as Mohammad Ishaq Khan.[3]

Selected picture

Nanga Parbat, western Himalayas, Pakistan

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  1. ^ "Nilmata Purana". Ikashmir.net. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Dust From The Past". Latter-day-stories.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Khan, Mohammad (2002). Kashmir's transition to Islam : the role of Muslim rishis, fifteenth to eighteenth century. New Delhi: Manohar. ISBN 81-7304-199-7. 
  4. ^ Qadri, Shafi (2002). Kashmiri Sufism. Srinagar: Gulshan Publishers. ISBN 81-86714-35-9. 
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