Portal:Karachi

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The Karachi Portal

Introduction

Location in Pakistan

Karachi (Urdu: کراچی‎; ALA-LC: Karācī, IPA: [kəˈraːtʃi] (About this sound listen); Sindhi: ڪراچي‎) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh. It is the most populous city in Pakistan, and sixth-most-populous city proper in the world. Ranked as a beta world city, the city is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. Karachi is also Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city. Situated on the Arabian Sea, Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, as well as the busiest airport in Pakistan.

Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia, the city was founded as the fortified village of Kolachi in 1729. The settlement drastically increased in importance with the arrival of British East India company in the mid 19th century, who not only embarked on major works to transform the city into a major seaport, but also connected it with their extensive railway network. By the time of the Partition of British India, the city was the largest in Sindh with an estimated population of 400,000. Following the independence of Pakistan, the city's population increased dramatically with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslim refugees from India. The city experienced rapid economic growth following independence, attracting migrants from throughout Pakistan and South Asia.

Selected article

Karachi is the largest and most populous city in Pakistan. The population and demographic distribution in the megacity has undergone numerous changes over the past 150 years. On 14 August 1947 when it became the capital city of a new Dominion of Pakistan, its population was about 450,000 inhabitants. However, the population rapidly grew with large influx of refugees from neighbouring Union of India (after the partition of British India). By 1951, the city population had crossed one million mark. In the following decade, the rate of growth of Karachi was over 80 percent. Today, the city has grown 60 times its size in 1947 when it became the country's first capital. Whereas most megacities in the developing world have grown out of rural-urban migration from the countryside not too distant from them, Karachi's demographics are based on long-distance immigration. Before the independence of Pakistan, Karachi already had a mix of religious and ethnic groups. After independence, most of the Muslim refugees settled in Karachi. Likewise, a large number of Hindus left the city for India. Predominantly Urdu speaking, known as Muhajirs formed the dominant ethnic group in Karachi. In Karachi, there are representatives of many religious groups; the largest group is Muslims, and of this group, 90% are Sunnis and 10% are Shia. Other minority religious groups include Christians, Jews, Hindus, and Zoroastrians. (More...)

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In the news

Today is October 21, 2018

28 February: Despite the termination order by the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Home Secretary Sindh continued his work in office. He was dismissed by the prime minister of Pakistan due to his alleged involvement in corruption. Sindh government decided to take the matter with the Prime Minister of Pakistan to review the decision(The News) .

20 February: Civil society activists, led by Muhammad Jibran Nasir, in association with Pakistan Youth Alliance formed a human shield outside an Imambargah in Karachi to show solidarity protest against terrorism (Express Tribune)

11 September:

  • The 60th death anniversary of the Father of the Nation, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, was observed in Karachi, like other parts of the country, with due reverence and solemnity on Thursday. (Dawn.com)

10 September:

  • The Centralized Admission Policy (CAP) committee on Wednesday announced the placement list pertaining to HSC-I pre-medical (female) candidates’ admission to colleges. (Dawn.com)
  • The Sindh Government has decided to construct a concrete wall around the oil installations in Kemari after threats of terrorism and oil theft. {The News - Jang)
  • The City District Government Karachi (CDGK) has taken various measures to control the spread of the dengue virus and provide better treatment facilities to dengue patients. {The News - Jang)

9 September:

  • Residents of the city braved another day of prolonged and frequent power failures amid the hot and humid weather on Tuesday. {The News - Jang)
  • The city government has not allowed the Chinese company with the garbage removal contract to begin collecting garbage from the city and take it to landfill sites for disposal. (Dawn.com)

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Administrative divisions of Karachi

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