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The Jordan portal - بوابة الأردنّ

Coat of Arms of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Flag of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
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The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic: المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is an Arab country in the Middle East. The country is bordered by Syria to the north, Iraq to the north-east, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, and Israel and the Palestinian Territories to the west. Jordan has a very rich history that spans thousands of years, and has been ruled by the Hashemites since its independence from the United Kingdom in 1946. Over half of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert. However, the western part of Jordan is arable land and forests. Jordan is part of the Fertile Crescent. The capital city is Amman.

The kingdom is named after the River Jordan. The name "Jordan" derives from Arabic and other Semitic languages and has multiple meanings (Ancient Arabic الأردن meaning "Steep/Slope" from the root يرد/أرد Ard/Yrd, the Canaanite root Arda, Hebrew ירד Yarad, ultimately from Aramaic Yarden meaning "down-flowing" or "one who descends" in the root ירד Yrd). The Jordan Rift Valley of the Jordan River separates Jordan and Palestine. The highest point in the country is Jabal Umm al Dami, at 1,854 m (6,083 ft) above sea level, its top is also covered with snow, while the lowest is the Dead Sea −420 m (−1,378 ft). Jordan is part of a region considered to be "the cradle of civilization", the Levant region of the Fertile Crescent. Major cities include the capital Amman and as-Salt in the west, Irbid, Jerash and Zarqa, in the northwest and Madaba, Karak and Aqaba in the southwest. Major towns in the eastern part of the country are the oasis town of Azraq and Ruwaished.

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Petra Jordan BW 22.JPG
The ancient city of Petra is an archaeological site in Jordan, lying in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Wadi Araba, the great valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. It is famous for having many stone structures carved into the rock.

Petra was built by the Nabataeans, an ancient Semetic people, and is best known for the impressive stone structures such as the treasury (pictured) and the monastery which are carved into the rock in the ancient city. Petra today is a popular tourist site, and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

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Amman at night
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Picture of Amman, the capital of Jordan at nighttime. Amman was named one of the MENA's best cities according to economic, labour, environmental, and socio-cultural factors. It is a major tourist destination in the region and the capital is especially popular among Gulf tourists. Amman is considered one of the richest and most Western-oriented cities in the Middle East.

Selected biography

Abdullah el-Tell
Abdullah el-Tell, (Arabic: عبدالله التل‎, 1918 – 1973) served in the Transjordanian Arab Legion during the 1948 war in Palestine rising from the rank of company commander to become Military Governor of the Old City of Jerusalem. He was later accused of being involved in the assassination of King Abdullah I and spent many years in Egypt before returning to Jordan in 1967.

El-Tell was born into a wealthy family in Irbid just as the Ottoman army were retreating from the town. His mother held him up to the window to witness the soldiers leaving. His secondary education was in Egypt. When he was 18 years old he was jailed for demonstrating against the British.

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Cities of Jordan


Jordan topics

Geography Governorates | Nahias | Cities | Dead Sea | Red Sea | Nature reserves | Extreme points
History Nabateans | Hashemites | Islamic Empire | Ottoman Empire | Arab Revolt | Sykes–Picot Agreement | British Mandate for Palestine | Emirate of Transjordan | 1948 Arab–Israeli War | 1967 Arab–Israeli War | 1973 Arab–Israeli War | Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace | Black September | 2011 Jordanian protests
Demographics and culture Religion (Islam | Christianity | Catholicism | Freedom of religion) | Arabic language | Art | Cinema | Cuisine | Music | Sports | Boy Scouts and Girl Guides | Public holidays
Government and politics The Royal Hashemite Court | Constitution | Kings | Prime Ministers | Cabinet | Parliament | Political parties | Elections | Law enforcement | Foreign affairs | Human rights | Ma'an Movement in Jordan

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