Portal:Jhelum

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Location of Jhelum in Pakistan

Jhelum or Jehlum (Urdu: جہلم) is a city in northern Punjab Province, Jhelum District, Pakistan. Jhelum lies on the right bank of the Jhelum River. The 16th-century Grand Trunk Road passes through the city. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the population of Jhelum City was 145,847 while according to 2009 estimation of World Gazetteer its population is 172,073 and it is 35th largest city of Pakistan according to population. The name of the city is derived from the words Jal (pure water) and Ham (snow), as the river that flows through the river originates in the Himalayas. There are numbers of industry in and around Jhelum City. Major industries include a Tobacco factory, wood, marbel, glass and flour mills.

Jhelum is known for providing a large number of soldiers to the British and later to the Pakistan armed forces due to which it is also known as city of soldiers or land of martyrs and warriors. Jhelum is near the site of the famous Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. This battle took place a few miles downstream from the city centre, along the river banks. The city was founded to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus, and was originally called Bucephala. Nearby there is also the historic 16th century Rohtas Fort, another historic fort since Sikh era located at the backside of main Bus stand near Railway Phatak Jhelum City now being used as stores under Railway Authorities and also Tilla Jogian.


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The phalanx attacking the centre in the battle of the Hydaspes by Andre Castaigne (1898-1899).jpg

The Battle of the Hydaspes River was fought by Alexander the Great in 325 BC against the Indian king Porus (Pururava in Sanskrit) at Kshatriya on the Hydaspes River (the Jhelum) in the Punjab region of ancient India, near Bhera now in Pakistan. The kingdom of Paurava of King Porus was situated in the part of Punjab which is now part of modern day Pakistan (see Pakistani Punjab). The Hydaspes was the last major battle fought by Alexander. King Porus and his men put up a fierce resistance against the invading Macedonian army which won the admiration and respect of Alexander.Although victorious, Alexander's exhausted army mutinied soon after, when he made plans to cross river Hyphasis, and refused to go further into India. After some short, yet victorious campaigns against Indian tribes residing along the Indus, securing his rule and founding cities that would serve as outposts and trade centers, Alexander would return to Babylon. (More...)

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Jhelum Railway Station.JPG

Jhelum Railway Station. It is an important railway station betweem the stations of Rawalpindi and Lahore. Jhelum Railway Station was canstructed before the independence of Pakistan during British era.

Photo credit: Talha

In the news

Today is September 24, 2017
  • September 19, 2009
Jhelum:Five hundred cadets of the Pakistan Military Academy (PMA) including 22 female commissioned officers participated in a full-fledged military exercise held at Tilla Ranges of Jhelum District. Jet fighters, tanks and artillery were participating in the exercise. The exercise began in the mountainous terrain of Jhelum early in the morning with majority of the participating cadets, officers and jawans with fasting. No refreshment, water or food was provided during the tough training respecting the holy month of Ramazan. Name of the exercise was Fire Power Demonstration and Battle Inoculation summer Session 2009. Special feature of the exercise was engagement and destruction of targets by Artillery followed by destruction of fortified positions of the ‘enemy by jet fighters of Pakistan Air Force. (AAP Videos)
  • August 9, 2009
Jhelum:Chief Minister of Punjab Shahbaz Sharif on his visit to Jhelum announced funds of one Billion rupees for different development projects of schools, colleges, health, roads and for Rescue 1122. (Daily Express)
  • August 7, 2009
Jhelum:MPA Ch.Nadeem Khadim has said that we have completed our homework for creating a new division of Punjab, Jhelum Division. He also said that it will be properly announced on the occasion of Chief Minister of Punjab Shahbaz Sharif's visit to Jhelum. (JhelumNews)
  • August 1, 2009
Jhelum:Chief Minister of Punjab Shahbaz Sharif's special grant of 2.3 million for DHQ Hospital Jhelum for instalment of 76 Air Conditioners. (JhelumNews)


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Jhelum River Bridge Panorama

Jehlum River or Jhelum River (دریاۓ جہلم) is a river that flows in Pakistan as well as into India. It is the largest and most western of the five rivers of Punjab, and passes through Jhelum District. It is a tributary of the Chenab River and has a total length of about 480 miles (774 kilometers).

Photo credit: Talha

Administrative divisions of Jhelum

  1. Jhelum
  2. Dina
  3. Sohawa
  4. Pind Dadan Khan
Tehsil-wise-map-of-Jhelum-District.JPG

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