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Portal:Japan

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The Japan Portal
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Location of Japan on the world map
Imperial Seal of Japan

Japan, officially Nippon-koku (日本国) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of China, Korea and Russia. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes identified as the "Land of the Rising Sun".

Japan comprises over 3,000 islands, the largest of which are Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku. Most of the islands are mountainous, many volcanic; for example, Japan’s highest peak, Mount Fuji, is a volcano. Japan has the world's tenth largest population, with about 128 million people. The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents.

Influence from the outside world followed by long periods of isolation has characterized Japan's history. Since adopting its constitution in 1947, Japan has maintained a unitary constitutional monarchy with an emperor and an elected parliament, the Diet.

A major economic power, Japan has the world's third largest economy by nominal GDP. It is a member of the United Nations, G8, G4, OECD and APEC, with the world's fifth largest defense budget. It is also the world's fourth largest exporter and sixth largest importer and a world leader in technology and machinery.

Selected article

Tokyo Tower
Tokyo Tower is a communications and observation tower located in Shiba Park, Minato, Tokyo, Japan. At 333 meters (1,091 ft), it is the tallest self-supporting steel structure in the world and the tallest artificial structure in Japan. The structure is an Eiffel Tower-inspired lattice tower that is painted white and international orange to comply with air safety regulations. Built in 1958, the tower's main sources of revenue are tourism and antenna leasing. Over 150 million people have visited the tower since its opening. FootTown, a 4-story building located directly under the tower, houses museums, restaurants and shops. Departing from here, guests can visit two observation decks. The 2-story Main Observatory is located at 150 meters (490 ft), while the smaller Special Observatory reaches a height of 250 meters (820 ft). The tower acts as a support structure for an antenna. Originally intended for television broadcasting, radio antennas were installed in 1961 and the tower is now used to broadcast both signals for Japanese media outlets such as NHK, TBS and Fuji TV. Japan's planned switch from analog to digital for all television broadcasting by July 2011 is problematic, however. Tokyo Tower's current height is not high enough to adequately support complete terrestrial digital broadcasting to the area. A taller digital broadcasting tower known as Tokyo Sky Tree is currently planned to open in 2011. A large broadcasting tower was needed in the Kantō region after NHK, Japan's public broadcasting station, began television broadcasting in 1953.

Selected picture

A Japanese archer with targets. Ink on paper, 1878.
Credit: Library of Congress

A Japanese archer practicing the martial art of Kyūdō

On this day...

April 23:

Events

Births

Deaths

Selected quote

—Ichiro Kono, chairman and CEO of Tokyo 2016

Selected biography

Masako Katsura was a carom billiards player most active in the 1950s who trailblazed a path for women in the sport by competing and placing among the best in the male-dominated world of professional billiards. First learning the game from her brother-in-law and then under the tutelage of Japanese champion Kinrey Matsuyama, Katsura finished second in Japan's national three-cushion billiards championship three times. In exhibition she was noted for running 10,000 points at the game of straight rail. After marrying a U.S. army officer in 1950, Katsura emigrated with him to the United States in 1951, where she was invited to play in the 1952 U.S.-sponsored World Three-Cushion Championship, ultimately taking seventh place at that competition. Katsura was the first woman ever to be included in any world billiards tournament. Her fame cemented, Katsura went on an exhibition tour of the United States with 8-time world champion Welker Cochran, and later with 51-time world champion, Willie Hoppe. In 1953 and 1954 she again competed for the world three-cushion crown, taking fifth and fourth places respectively.

In the news

March 7: 9 people die in a helicopter crash in Nagano.
  • June 12: Japan's National Diet passes law allowing Emperor Akihito to abdicate within three years
  • January 23: Federer beats Nishikori in Australian Open's fourth round
  • December 24: Fire engulfs 140 buildings in Itoigawa, Japan
  • October 6: Yoshinori Ohsumi wins Nobel Prize for research on autophagy
  • October 3: Indonesian authorities investigate after pornographic film screened on billboard in Jakarta
  • August 25: North Korea fires balistic missile from submarine
  • July 19: ARM to be bought by SoftBank
  • July 6: Arsenal signs Japanese Takuma; Chelsea signs Batshuayi
  • June 9: IUPAC proposes four new chemical element names
  • February 8: North Korea launches long-range missile
  • December 20: Barça beat River Plate 3-0 to win third FIFA Club World Cup
  • December 18: Suárez scores a hat-trick, Barcelona advances to FIFA Club World Cup 2015 Final
  • September 11: Typhoon Etau causes more leakage at Fukushima
  • April 24: Power outage at Fukushima poses radioactive risk
  • March 4: Explorers find shipwreck thought to be massive WWII battleship Musashi
  • January 22: Japanese Olympic judoka Hitoshi Saito dies aged 54
  • September 18: Chinese President signs multiple trade deals with India
  • June 29: Canada wins 2014 Women's World Wheelchair Basketball Championship
  • June 28: Germany and Canada into 2014 Women's World Wheelchair Basketball Championships final
  • June 27: Germany, Netherlands, Canada and USA into Women's Wheelchair Basketball Championships semi-finals
Knewsticker.png Wikinews Japan

Did you know...

Shinbashi Enbujō Theatre

  • ... that over the course of five decades, Toshio Masuda directed 16 films which made the top ten list at the Japanese box office, a record surpassed by only one other director?
  • ... that 22-year-old Ling Ling was the oldest panda in Japan at the time of his death in April 2008?

Categories

All Japan-related portals

Japan topics

Eras Paleolithic | Jōmon | Yayoi | Kofun | Asuka | Nara | Heian | Kamakura | Muromachi | Azuchi-Momoyama | Edo | Meiji | Taishō | Shōwa | Heisei
History Economic history | Educational history | Military history | Naval history | Meiji Restoration | Occupied Japan | Post-occupation Japan
Politics Constitution | Government | Emperors | Imperial Household Agency | Prime Ministers | Cabinet | Ministries | National Diet (House of Councillors · House of Representatives) | Judicial system | Elections | Political parties | Foreign relations
Culture Clothing | Customs and etiquette | Education | Festivals | Food | Holidays | Language | Religion
Art Architecture | Cinema | Literature | Music | Pornography | Theatre (Noh · Kabuki · Bunraku)
Economy Primary sector | Industry | Currency | Tokyo Stock Exchange | Communications | Transportation (Shinkansen · Tokyo Metro · Railway companies)
Other Demographics | List of Japanese people

Related Portals

Coordinates: 36°30′N 139°00′E / 36.5°N 139°E / 36.5; 139

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