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Portal:Ireland

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Fáilte go dtí Tairseach na hÉireann!
Fair faa ye tae tha Airlann Inlat!
Welcome to the Ireland Portal!


Sister portal:
NIShape.png
Northern Ireland
Satellite image of Ireland

Ireland (Irish: Éire, Ulster Scots: Airlann) is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island in the world. It lies to the north-west of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. The Republic of Ireland covers five-sixths of the island. Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island. The population of Ireland is estimated to be 6.2 million. Slightly less than 4.5 million are estimated to live in the Republic of Ireland and slightly less than 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.

Relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain to epitomise the Ireland's geography with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has a lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable oceanic climate, which avoids extremes in temperature. Thick woodlands covered the island until the 1600s. Today, it is the most deforested area in Europe. Twenty-six mammal species are native to Ireland, with some, such as the red fox, hedgehog and badger, being very common. Others, like the Irish hare, red deer and pine marten are less so.

Irish culture has had a significant influence on culture world-wide, particularly in the fields of literature and, to a lesser degree, science and learning. A strong indigenous culture, expressed for example through native sports and the Irish language, exists alongside a regional culture, such as Rugby football and golf. Read more ...


Selected article

Guinness.jpg

Guinness is a popular Irish dry stout that originated in the brewery of Arthur Guinness (1725–1803) at St. James's Gate, Dublin. Guinness is directly descended from the porter style that originated in London in the early 18th century and is one of the most successful beer brands worldwide, brewed in almost 50 countries and available in over 100 countries.

A distinctive feature is the burnt flavour which is derived from the use of roasted unmalted barley. For many years a portion of aged brew was blended with freshly brewed product to give a sharp lactic flavour (which was a characteristic of the original porter). Although the palate of Guinness still features a characteristic "tang", the company has refused to confirm whether this type of blending still occurs.

The thick creamy head is the result of the beer being mixed with nitrogen when being poured. It is popular with Irish people both in Ireland and abroad in spite of a decline in consumption since 2001, is still the best-selling alcoholic drink in Ireland. Read more...

Selected biography

Eamon de Valera c 1922-30.jpg

Éamon de Valera (/ˈmən dɛvəˈlɛrə/; born Edward George de Valera, 14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was one of the dominant political figures in 20th century Ireland. Co-owner of one of the Irish Press Newspapers, he served in public office from 1917 to 1973, holding the various Irish prime ministerial and presidential offices. He was a significant leader of Ireland's struggle for independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the early 20th century, and the Republican anti-Treaty opposition in the ensuing Irish Civil War. After the formation of Fianna Fáil, his militant republicanism moderated towards conservatism. De Valera is also often cited as the principal author of the Constitution of Ireland.

At various times a teacher of mathematics and a politician, he served three times as Irish head of government; as President of Dáil Éireann, as the second President of the Executive Council and the first Taoiseach. He ended his political career as President of Ireland, serving two terms from 1959 until 1973. He was also the Chancellor of the National University of Ireland from 1922 until 1975. Read more...

 

Selected series: Irish cities

Limerick
Luimneach
City
View looking northeast along the River Shannon
View looking northeast along the River Shannon
Flag of Limerick
Flag
Coat of arms of Limerick
Coat of arms
Motto: Urbs Antiqua Fuit
Studiisque Asperrima Belli
  (Latin)
"There was an ancient city
very fierce in the skills of war"[1]
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County Limerick
Founded 812 A.D.
Government
 • Type City Council
 • Mayor Maria Byrne[2]
 • LEAs 3
 • Dáil Éireann Limerick City, Limerick
 • European Parliament South
Area
 • City 51.3 km2 (19.8 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2006)[3]
 • Metro 90,757
 • City 52,539
 • Suburbs 38,218
Demonym(s) Limerickman
Time zone WET (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (UTC+1)
Area code(s) (+353) 61
Car plates L
Website www.LimerickCity.ie
  1. ^ "Limerick City Motto". Limerick.com. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  2. ^ "The Mayor of Limerick City, Limerick City Council". Limerick.ie. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  3. ^ "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Retrieved 2011-06-08. 


Categories

Featured articles

1981 Irish hunger strike · Abbey Theatre · Achtung Baby · Aldfrith of Northumbria · Arnold Bax · Book of Kells · Richard John Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan · Burke and Hare murders · Richard Cantillon · Charles I of England · Tom Crean · Andrew Cunningham · Drapier's Letters · Dave Gallaher · Geography of Ireland · Michael Gomez · Augusta, Lady Gregory · Head VI · House of Plantagenet · International goals scored by Robbie Keane · Irish phonology · Irish Victoria Cross recipients · James Joyce · James II of England · George Moore · Murder of Julia Martha Thomas · Cillian Murphy · Nelson's Pillar · James Nesbitt · No Line on the Horizon · Postage stamps of Ireland · Representative peer · Ernest Shackleton · George Bernard Shaw · Charles Villiers Stanford · John Millington Synge · The Revolution Will Not Be Televised · U2 · U2 3D · William Butler Yeats · Zoo TV Tour

Note: Links in bold have been featured on the main page.

Related portals

United Kingdom Northern Ireland Scotland Isle of Man Wales Cornwall England European Union Europe
United Kingdom Northern Ireland Scotland Isle of Man Wales Cornwall England European Union Europe

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Simply add {{Portal|Ireland}} to a page. If you need to use a flag, to avoid causing offense, please use the Four Provinces flag e.g. {{Portal|Ireland}}.

If you are new to Wikipedia then Céad Mile Fáilte! This portal is for articles on Wikipedia that relate to Ireland (both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland). Like all of Wikipedia, it is written collaboratively and, like any article that you find using it, it too can be edited by anyone.

There is an active community of editors working on Ireland-related articles on Wikipedia and there are dedicated projects that tie this community together. To get in touch with them - or just to find out more - drop by at one of the parent Ireland-related projects:

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If you would like to involve yourself with the Irish on Wikipedia, the section below will connect you to communities of editors working on specific Ireland-related topics. It also contains an up-to-date to do list for Ireland-related articles so you can start helping out right now. Click [show] (below, right) to see it all:

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