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Portal:Ireland

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Fáilte go dtí Tairseach na hÉireann!
Fair faa ye tae tha Airlann Inlat!
Welcome to the Ireland Portal!


Sister portal:
NIShape.png
Northern Ireland
Satellite image of Ireland

Ireland (Irish: Éire, Ulster Scots: Airlann) is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island in the world. It lies to the north-west of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. The Republic of Ireland covers five-sixths of the island. Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island. The population of Ireland is estimated to be 6.2 million. Slightly less than 4.5 million are estimated to live in the Republic of Ireland and slightly less than 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.

Relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain to epitomise the Ireland's geography with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has a lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable oceanic climate, which avoids extremes in temperature. Thick woodlands covered the island until the 1600s. Today, it is the most deforested area in Europe. Twenty-six mammal species are native to Ireland, with some, such as the red fox, hedgehog and badger, being very common. Others, like the Irish hare, red deer and pine marten are less so.

Irish culture has had a significant influence on culture world-wide, particularly in the fields of literature and, to a lesser degree, science and learning. A strong indigenous culture, expressed for example through native sports and the Irish language, exists alongside a regional culture, such as Rugby football and golf. Read more ...


Selected article

Shipquay Street Derry SMC 2005.jpg

Derry or Londonderry ([Doire or Doire Cholm Chille] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help), meaning "Oak wood of Colm Cille"), often called the Maiden City, is a city in Northern Ireland. The old walled city of Londonderry lies on the west bank of the River Foyle, and the present city now covers both banks (Cityside to the west and Waterside to the east) and is connected by two bridges. The district extends to rural areas to the southeast of the city. The population of the city proper was 83,652 in the 2001 Census. The Derry Urban Area (including Culmore, New Buildings and Strathfoyle) had a population of 90,663, and is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland, the fourth on the island of Ireland. It is one of the only places in Europe not to have its defensive walls breached (though the original fortified gates have been replaced).

Derry is very near the border with County Donegal in the Republic of Ireland and also serves the west of County Londonderry. The district is run by Derry City Council and has an airport, City of Derry Airport, and a seaport, Londonderry Port. The City of Derry has had a very close relationship with what is now County Donegal for centuries. The person traditionally seen as the "founder" of Derry is St. Columba (also known as Colm Cille or St. Columb), a holy man and royal prince from Tír Chonaill, the old name for almost all of modern County Donegal. Indeed, Derry was often seen as being part of Tír Chonaill before 1600. Today, most of the Catholic population of the City of Derry would be of Donegal descent. Read more...

Selected biography

William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse.jpg

William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse KP (June 17, 1800 – October 31, 1867) was born in Monkstown, County Cork and was an Irish astronomer. He was the sixteenth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin between 1862 and 1867. He became the third Earl of Rosse when his father died in 1841. Prior to this, his title was "Lord Oxmantown".

In the 1840s, he built his "Leviathan of Parsonstown" 72-inch (183-cm) telescope at Birr, Ireland (then called "Parsonstown") in County Offaly, which was for many decades the largest telescope in the world. He had to invent many of the techniques he used in constructing this telescope, both because its size was without precedent and because earlier telescope builders had guarded their secrets or had simply failed to publish their methods. Rosse's telescope was considered a marvelous technical and architectural achievement, and images of it were circulated widely within the British commonwealth. Building of the telescope had to be suspended during the Great Irish Famine, but in 1847 it was put into service. Read more...

 

Selected series: Irish cities

Dublin
Baile Átha Cliath
From upper left: Samuel Beckett Bridge, Grand Canal Theatre, International Financial Services Centre, Four Courts, The Custom House, and Dublin Castle.
Flag of Dublin
Flag
Coat of arms of Dublin
Coat of arms
Motto(s): Obedientia Civium Urbis Felicitas
"The citizens' obedience is the city's happiness"[1]
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
Government
 • Type City Council
 • Headquarters Dublin City Hall
 • Lord Mayor Gerry Breen
 • Dáil Éireann Dublin Central
Dublin North-Central
Dublin North-East
Dublin North-West
Dublin South
Dublin South-Central
Dublin South-East
 • European Parliament Dublin constituency
Area
 • City 114.99 km2 (44.40 sq mi)
 • Urban 921 km2 (356 sq mi)
Population
 • City 506,211
 • Density 4,398/km2 (11,390/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,045,769
 • Metro 1,661,185
 • Demonym Dubliner, Dub
 • Ethnicity
(2006 Census)
Time zone UTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+1 (IST)
Postal districts D1-18, 20, 22, 24, D6W
Area code(s) 01
Website www.dublincity.ie
  1. ^ "Dublin City Council ',Dublin City Coat of Arms', (retrieved 15 February 2009". Dublincity.ie. Retrieved 17 June 2010.


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United Kingdom Northern Ireland Scotland Isle of Man Wales Cornwall England European Union Europe
United Kingdom Northern Ireland Scotland Isle of Man Wales Cornwall England European Union Europe

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Simply add {{Portal|Ireland}} to a page. If you need to use a flag, to avoid causing offense, please use the Four Provinces flag e.g. {{Portal|Ireland}}.

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