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Indonesia (/ˌɪndəˈnʒə/ (About this soundlisten) IN-də-NEE-zhə, /-ziə/ -zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndoneˈsia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rɛpublik ɪndoneˈsia]),[lacks stress] is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.

The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected parliament. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

Selected article

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The 1740 Batavia massacre was a pogrom against ethnic Chinese in the port city of Batavia (present-day Jakarta) in the Dutch East Indies. The violence inside the city lasted from 9 October 1740 until 22 October; minor skirmishes outside the walls continued late into November that year. Hundreds of ethnic Chinese, mostly sugar mill workers, rioted on 7 October. This was met by a massacre of roughly 10,000 ethnic led by the Dutch and other ethnic groups. It was followed by a two-year war. Governor General Adriaan Valckenier was recalled to the Netherlands and tried for crimes related to the massacre, replaced by his political opponent Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff. The massacre's legacy in popular culture is found in Dutch literature, in which it has figured heavily. (Read more...)

Selected biography

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Ucu Agustin (born 1976) is an Indonesian journalist, writer, and documentary filmmaker. Educated in an Islamic boarding school in Jakarta, Ucu became interested in journalism after realising that there were many prostitutes from her hometown of Sukabumi. Beginning in the print media, she moved to making documentaries after she saw a lack of opportunities for human interest pieces in newspapers. One of her first documentaries, Death in Jakarta, was produced with the help of funds from the Jakarta International Film Festival. Other documentaries include Ragat'e Anak and Konspirasi Hening. She has also written several children's books and short stories. Ucu has been described as "one of Indonesia’s top documentary filmmakers" and often deals with social issues in her work. Ragat'e Anak was screened at the Berlin International Film Festival in 2009. (Read more...)

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S. K. Trimurti

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Wikinews Indonesia portal
  • June 25: Indonesian cleric Aman Abdurrahman sentenced to death for 'inciting others to commit terrorism'
  • January 1: Ferry burns near Jakarta, killing passengers
  • December 3: Indonesian police plane crashes near Batam, fifteen missing
More current events...
Indonesia on Wikinews

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Sambisari Temple, a 9th-century temple in Yogyakarta

Photographer: Chris Woodrich; License: Dual (GNU Free Documentation License and Creative Commons CC-BY-SA)

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