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Indonesia (/ˌɪndəˈnʒə/ (About this sound listen) IN-də-NEE-zhə, /-ziə/ -zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndoneˈsia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rɛpublik ɪndoneˈsia]),[lacks stress] is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.

Indonesia is a republic with an elected parliament and president. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, the United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

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Indonesia held legislative elections on 5 April 2004 for both houses of the People's Consultative Assembly, the country's national legislature. This included all 550 seats in the People's Representative Council and 128 seats of the new Regional Representative Council. Final results of the popular vote tally showed that Golkar received the largest number of votes. It had lost to the Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle in the 1999 legislative election. The Democratic Party and the Prosperous Justice Party, two of the newest parties to participate in the elections, received a combined 14.8 percent of the popular vote. Based on the final allocation of seats in the People's Representative Council, five parties were qualified to submit candidates for the country's first direct presidential election later in the year. The election has been described as the most complicated election in the history of democracy. (Read more...)

Selected biography

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Anggun Cipta Sasmi (born 1974) is an Indonesian and French-naturalised singer-songwriter. Born in Jakarta, she recorded a children's album at age nine, and in 1986 released her first rock-influenced studio album, Dunia Aku Punya. She followed it with a series of singles and three more studio albums, establishing her as one of the most prominent Indonesian rock stars of the early 1990s. Anggun left Indonesia in 1994 to pursue an international career. She released her first international album, Snow on the Sahara in 1997. This album spawned her international signature hit "Snow on the Sahara", which reached number one in several countries. Anggun is the first Indonesian artist to break into the European and American record charts, and she has received a number of accolades for her achievements. She has also been involved in numerous environmental and humanitarian works. (Read more...)

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Wikinews Indonesia portal
  • June 25: Indonesian cleric Aman Abdurrahman sentenced to death for 'inciting others to commit terrorism'
  • January 1: Ferry burns near Jakarta, killing passengers
  • December 3: Indonesian police plane crashes near Batam, fifteen missing
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