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Indianapolis (/ˌɪndiəˈnæpəlɪs/) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. As of 2017, Indianapolis is the third most populous city in the American Midwest and 16th most populous in the U.S., with an estimated population of 863,002. The Indianapolis metropolitan area is the 34th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U.S., with 2,028,614 residents. Its combined statistical area ranks 27th, with a population of 2,411,086. Indianapolis covers 368 square miles (950 km2), making it the 16th largest city by land area in the U.S.

Indigenous peoples inhabited the area dating to approximately 2000 BC. In 1818, the Delaware relinquished title to their tribal lands in the Treaty of St. Mary's. In 1821, Indianapolis was founded as a planned city for the new seat of Indiana's state government. The city was platted by Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham on a 1 square mile (2.6 km2) grid adjacent to the White River. Completion of the National and Michigan roads and arrival of rail (1847) later solidified the city's position as a manufacturing and transportation hub. Two of the city's nicknames originate from its historical ties to transportation—the "Crossroads of America" and "Railroad City".

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Irvington Circle
Irvington Historic District, founded in 1870, was originally created as a suburban town of Indianapolis, Indiana. Irvington formed along winding roads of dirt and brick that reflected the Romantic landscape design era. The town was built as a quiet suburb where artists, politicians, military generals, academics, and heads of local industry resided. In 1902 Irvington was annexed by Indianapolis. Although Irvington is now much a part of the city, it still maintains a quiet neighborhood atmosphere.

Irvington is located five miles east of downtown Indianapolis on the western edge of Warren Township. The neighborhood is situated on the historic national road US 40, also known locally as Washington Street. Through the early 1900s, a commuter rail/trolley system ran from Irvington to downtown Indianapolis along US 40.

Irvington was the birthplace and home to the only historic art movement in Central Indiana named for a specific place, the Irvington Group. In the early 1900s, this group of artists lived, met, practiced and exhibited art in Irvington. Today, many of the artists homes and studios remain standing throughout the community. The Irving Theatre has recently re-opened as a concert venue for bands. The theatre has held events that have attracted over 700 patrons. The Irvington Lodge, Bona Thompson Memorial Library, and The Studio School & Gallery are public venues where arts are currently taught and displayed throughout the Irvington neighborhood.

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Photo credit: Dhammerindy
The new Indianapolis International Airport under construction.

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President George W. Bush congratulates the Colts.
Super Bowl XLI was an American football game played on February 4, 2007, at Dolphin Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb of Miami, to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion following the 2006 regular season. Kickoff was at 6:27 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. The American Football Conference (AFC) champion Indianapolis Colts (16-4) defeated the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Chicago Bears (15-4), 29-17.

Colts quarterback Peyton Manning was named the game's Most Valuable Player, completing 25 of 38 passes for 247 yards and a touchdown, with one interception. Nielsen Media Research reported 93 million viewers for Super Bowl XLI, making it the fourth most-watched program in U.S. television history (trailing only the M*A*S*H finale and Super Bowls XLII and XXX).


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Book shelves at the newly renovated library.
The Indianapolis-Marion County Public Library (IMCPL) is the public library system that serves the citizens of Marion County, Indiana, United States and its largest city, Indianapolis. The library was founded in 1873 and has grown to include a Central Library building, located in the heart of downtown Indianapolis, and 22 branch libraries spread throughout Marion County. According to a March 13, 2007 press release, the Library boasted over 5.43 million visitors and a record-high circulation of nearly 13.8 million items in 2006.

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Richard Lieber (September 5, 1869 – April 15, 1944) was a German-American businessman who became the father of the Indiana state parks system. At his death, he could be considered the most powerful spokesman in the United States for the conservation of natural resources.

He was born into privilege in Düsseldorf, Germany, in 1869. As a young child he was largely tutored, due to having tuberculosis that was obtained from a chest injury. He was also frequently in trouble due to his free spirited nature.

With the centennial of Indiana's statehood of 1916, Lieber thought that Indiana needs its own parks like 1/3 of other states. He encouraged Indiana Governor Samuel M. Ralston to start the State Parks Committee, with Lieber as chairman. With his twenty-man committee, he started acquiring parks, succeeding with McCormick's Creek and Turkey Run both opening on December 11, 1916, without any state funds (Indianapolis Motor Speedway was a major private donor).

A quote from Lieber summarizes his beliefs: “Our parks and preserves are not mere picnicking places,” he said. “They are rich storehouses of memories and reveries. They are guides and counsels to the weary and faltering in spirit. They are bearers of wonderful tales to him who will listen; a solace to the aged and an inspiration to the young.”


  • "Every race I run in is in preparation for the Indianapolis 500. Indy is the most important thing in my life. It is what I live for." -- former IRL driver Al Unser
  • "What's that? Uh -- Playoffs? Don't talk about -- playoffs? You kidding me? Playoffs? I just hope we can win a game!" -- former Colts coach Jim E. Mora
  • "The jazz scene - or the lack of it - has no correlation to my move back to Indianapolis. I wanted Indianapolis to be my home, and it is my home." -- jazz musician J. J. Johnson

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You are invited to participate in the Indianapolis department of WikiProject Indiana, dedicated to developing and improving articles about the Greater Indianapolis area.

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