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Hyderabad (/ˈhdərəbɑːd/ (About this soundlisten) HY-dər-ə-baad) is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh. Occupying 650 square kilometres (250 sq mi) along the banks of the Musi River, it has a population of about 6.9 million and a metropolitan population of about 7.75 million, making it the fourth most populous city and sixth most populous urban agglomeration in India. At an average altitude of 542 metres (1,778 ft), much of Hyderabad is situated on hilly terrain around artificial lakes, including Hussain Sagar—predating the city's founding—north of the city centre.

Established in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, Hyderabad remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty for nearly a century before the Mughals captured the region. In 1724, Mughal viceroy Asif Jah I declared his sovereignty and created his own dynasty, known as the Nizams of Hyderabad. The Nizam's dominions became a princely state during the British Raj, and remained so for 150 years, with the city serving as its capital. The city continued as the capital of Hyderabad State after it was brought into the Indian Union in 1948, and became the capital of Andhra Pradesh after the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. Since 1956, Rashtrapati Nilayam in the city has been the winter office of the President of India. In 2014, the newly formed state of Telangana split from Andhra Pradesh and the city became the joint capital of the two states, a transitional arrangement scheduled to end by 2025.

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The Golconda Fort (or Golkonda), Telugu గోల్కొండ, is a ruined city of south-central India and capital of ancient Kingdom of Golkonda (c. 1364–1512). Situated west of Hyderabad, was Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali, the fourth Qutb king. It was the capital and fortress city of the Qutb Shahi kingdom, near Hyderabad. The city was home to one of the most powerful Muslim sultanates in the region and was the center of a flourishing diamond trade. Golkonda was once renowned for the diamonds found on the southeast and cut in the city. At that time, had the only known diamond mines in the world. Some known diamonds of Golkonda are the Koh-i-noor, the Hope Diamond and the Regent Diamond. The fortresses consists of four distinct forts with a 10 km long outer wall with 87 semi-circular bastions; some still mounted with cannons, eight gateways, four drawbridges and number of royal apartments & halls, temples, mosques, magazines, stables…, inside.The architectural grandeur of the magnificent monumental edifice is unmatched in beauty, which it has preserved brilliantly despite being more than four centuries old. Built on a granite hill (120 metres in height), the entire massive fort is the best possible example of architectural planning and its magnificence.

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Secunderabad About this soundpronunciation  (Telugu: సికింద్రాబాద్) is the twin city of Hyderabad and the two cities are popularly called Twin cities. In common parlance however, Secunderabad is seldom used these days outside the twin cities. The city of Secunderabad which was once said to be modern compared to its twin during the Nizam rule, has grown tremendously over the years to catch up with the metropolis of Hyderabad. The cities present different fusion of cultures with Secunderabad having developed under direct British rule until 1948, and the city of Hyderabad, as the capital of a princely state. It was founded in the 18th century as a cantonment, and has a large army and Air force presence to this date. Today, the Secunderabad Cantonment is the largest among the 62 cantonments in India. Named after Sikandar Jah, the third Nizam of the Asaf Jahi dynasty, till recently Secunderabad had its own municipality and city government. Sir Ronald Ross conducted his initial research on the cause of malaria in the city of Secunderabad. Secunderabad Railway Station is the largest station serving the city and also the headquarters of South Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways.

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  • Secunderabad Cantonment Board to crack down on illegal structures - 28 August 2009
  • Eight more swine flu cases confirmed in the city - 27 August 2009

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Old City, Hyderabad

A view of Old City from the top of Charminar

The Old City, Hyderabad, is a walled city of Hyderabad, India, located on the banks of the Musi River built by Qutb Shahi sultan Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1591 AD. It remained the royal seat of the nizam of Hyderabad until the end of the reign of the last nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII (r. [clarification needed] 1911–1948). Named after Hyder Mahal, wife of the ruler Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah, Hyderabad takes pride in its possession of magnificent antiquated structures, domical mosques, and monuments (r. [clarification needed] 1580–1611).

As the historical region of Hyderabad, the old city contains many landmark buildings, including Charminar (literally "Four Minarets"), a structure built on the spot where Quli Qutb Shah prayed for the end to a plague epidemic.

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B. 6 April 1886

Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur (Urdu: عثمان علی خان بہادر‎; 6 April 1886 – 24 February 1967), was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad and of Berar. He ruled Hyderabad between 1911 and 1948, until it was annexed by India. He was styled His Exalted Highness The Nizam of Hyderabad.

During his days as Nizam, he was reputed to be the richest man in the world, having a fortune estimated at US$2 billion in the early 1940s ($33.7 billion today) or 2 per cent of the US economy then. At that time the treasury of the newly independent Union government of India reported annual revenue of US$1 billion only. He was portrayed on the cover of TIME magazine on 22 February 1937, described as the world's richest man.[3] The Nizam is widely believed to have remained as the richest man in South Asia until his death in 1967, though his fortunes fell to US$1 billion by then and became a subject of multiple legal disputes between bitterly fighting rival descendants. Calculating his modern-day worth, accounting for inflation, the Nizam was worth $236 billion, making him one of the wealthiest people to have ever lived.

He built the Hyderabad House in Delhi, now used for diplomatic meetings by the Government of India.


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