Portal:Hertfordshire

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About Hertfordshire

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Hertfordshire (/ˈhɑːrtfərdʃɪər/ or /ˈhɑːrfərdʃər/), commonly abbreviated as Herts, is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of England. It is the 14th most populous ceremonial county in England, home to over one million people. Hertfordshire is one of the Home Counties and lies inland, bordered by Greater London, Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire (the unitary authorities of Luton and Central Bedfordshire), Cambridgeshire and Essex. Hertfordshire's county town is Hertford, with several other population centres including St Albans, the only city, and Watford, the county's most populous settlement. Despite a population density of 656 people per km2 (compared to the UK average of 255 people per km2), more than two thirds of the county is classified as rural.

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Selected biography

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Ælfric of Abingdon (Old English: Ælfrīc; died 16 November 1005), also known as Ælfric of Wessex, was a late 10th century Archbishop of Canterbury. He previously held the offices of abbot of St Albans Abbey (modern cathedral pictured) and Bishop of Ramsbury, as well as likely being the abbot of Abingdon Abbey. After his election to Canterbury, he continued to hold the bishopric of Ramsbury along with the archbishopric of Canterbury until his death in 1005. Ælfric may have altered the composition of Canterbury's cathedral chapter by changing the clergy serving in the cathedral from secular clergy to monks. In his will he left a ship to King Æthelred II of England as well as more ships to other legatees.


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Related WikiProjects:
WikiProject Hertfordshire Hertfordshire
WikiProject England England
WikiProject UK geography UK geography
WikiProject Europe Europe

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Credit: Rob Hinkley

Roman theatre at Verulamium.

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Hertfordshire is an English county forged in the Norse–Saxon wars of the ninth century and developed through commerce serving London. It is a land-locked county in the heart of England, well-protected from invasion, though it certainly saw battles during the various English and British civil wars, and action in its skies during the two world wars. Nowadays, with a population slightly over 1 million, it retains much of its historic character, but its industry and commerce have changed radically.

Although Hertfordshire is numbered among the historic counties of England, it was not created until the early tenth century. Since then, its development has been intimately tied with that of London, which lies on its southern border. London is easily the largest city in Western Europe; it requires an enormous tonnage of supplies each day and Hertfordshire grew wealthy on the proceeds of trade because no less than three of the old Roman roads serving the capital run through it, as do the Grand Union Canal and other watercourses.


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This map depicts the locations of the major settlements within Hertfordshire. The line surrounding the lighter area shows the county's boundaries. The inner lines show the boundaries of the county's ten areas of local government. Grey areas depict areas of urban development.

According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, thirty settlements in Hertfordshire had a population of at least 5,000. These include Hertford, the county town, Watford, the most populous settlement, and St Alban's, the only city. Three settlements with populations of over 10,000 have been omitted from this map; Bushey, Croxley Green and Abbots Langley are situated to the immediate south, west and north of Watford respectively.

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