Portal:Hellenismos

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Hellenismos Portal

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laurel wreath, an Olympics and Hellenism symbol

Hellenism (Greek: Hellenismos) or the Hellenic Ethnic Religion (Greek: Ελληνική Εθνική Θρησκεία), also Greek polytheism, Olympianism/Dodekatheism (Greek: Δωδεκαθεϊσμός), is the Olympian-based Hellenic (Greek) religion and philosophy of modern times. Hellenism as a term was first used in the fourth century by Roman Emperor Julian the Philosopher to reference the Greek religion, and today it includes its continuation. Practitioners are found in the modern Greece and throughout the world.

Lambda was used by the Spartan army as a symbol of Lacedaemon.

Hellenism is the mythology, philosophy, theology, and religion of the Greek gods, such as Dodecatheism, the Eleusinian mysteries, the Delphic mysteries, Hermetism, the Dionysian mysteries, Orphism, as well as ancient & Classical Greek philosophy such as Pythagoreanism, the Ephesian school, the Pluralist school, the Atomist school, the Milesian school, the Eleatic school, other pre-Socratic philosophy, Platonism and the Peripatetic school, Neopythagoreanism & Neoplatonism, Skepticism and Stoicism and other Hellenistic philosophy in the Hellenistic world, such as Gnosticism, from ancient times to the present day.

Torch: symbol of enlightenment, and additionally in Hellenism: of wisdom and either life or death
The Vergina Sun, as depicted on the Golden Larnax's top. A Hellenism symbol

Important ancient or classical Greek teachers, writers, and prophets include Hermes Trismegistus, the Pythia and Sibyl, Hesiod, Apollodorus, Homer, Apollonius of Rhodes, Creophylus of Samos, Orpheus of Pimplea, Thales, Anaximander, Pherecydes of Syros, Xenophanes, Pythagoras of Samos, Heraclitus, the seven sages of Greece, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Antisthenes, Aristippus, Euclid of Megara, Pyrrho, Zeno of Citium, Epicurus, Ammonius Saccas, Plotinus, and Hypatia of Alexandria, among others.

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Thales
Thales of Miletus (/ˈθlz/; Greek: Θαλῆς, Thalēs; c. 624 BC – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Miletus in Asia Minor, and one of the Seven Sages of Greece. Many, most notably Aristotle, regard him as the first philosopher in the Greek tradition.[1] According to Bertrand Russell, "Western philosophy begins with Thales."[2] Thales attempted to explain natural phenomena without reference to mythology and was tremendously influential in this respect. Almost all of the other pre-Socratic philosophers follow him in attempting to provide an explanation of ultimate substance, change, and the existence of the world—without reference to mythology. Those philosophers were also influential, and eventually Thales' rejection of mythological explanations became an essential idea for the scientific revolution. He was also the first to define general principles and set forth hypotheses, and as a result has been dubbed the "Father of Science", though it is argued that Democritus is actually more deserving of this title.[3][4]

In mathematics, Thales used geometry to solve problems such as calculating the height of pyramids and the distance of ships from the shore. He is credited with the first use of deductive reasoning applied to geometry, by deriving four corollaries to Thales' Theorem. As a result, he has been hailed as the first true mathematician and is the first known individual to whom a mathematical discovery has been attributed. Also, Thales was the first person known to have studied electricity.[5] Thales of Miletus (/ˈθlz/; Greek: Θαλῆς, Thalēs; c. 624 BC – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Miletus in Asia Minor, and one of the Seven Sages of Greece. Many, most notably Aristotle, regard him as the first philosopher in the Greek tradition.[6] According to Bertrand Russell, "Western philosophy begins with Thales."[7] Thales attempted to explain natural phenomena without reference to mythology and was tremendously influential in this respect. Almost all of the other pre-Socratic philosophers follow him in attempting to provide an explanation of ultimate substance, change, and the existence of the world—without reference to mythology. Those philosophers were also influential, and eventually Thales' rejection of mythological explanations became an essential idea for the scientific revolution. He was also the first to define general principles and set forth hypotheses, and as a result has been dubbed the "Father of Science", though it is argued that Democritus is actually more deserving of this title.[8][9]

In mathematics, Thales used geometry to solve problems such as calculating the height of pyramids and the distance of ships from the shore. He is credited with the first use of deductive reasoning applied to geometry, by deriving four corollaries to Thales' Theorem. As a result, he has been hailed as the first true mathematician and is the first known individual to whom a mathematical discovery has been attributed. Also, Thales was the first person known to have studied electricity.[10]

In the news

Hellenism's main news source from Greece: YSEE (translated to English)

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Gaia
Goddess of the Earth
Arabischer Maler um 730 001.jpg
Abode Earth
Personal Information
Consort Uranus
Children Uranus, Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion
Parents Chaos
Roman equivalent Terra

Did you know?

Pythagoras studied in the East, including at Mt. Carmel. He and the community (near) there had similar rare practices of ethics (and dress,) and later Socrates described some as virtuous and philosophical. Likewise, a similar community South of Mt. Carmel later kept a text of Plato's Republic, a dialogue in which Socrates spoke. This interaction has influenced various spirituality near the Eastern Mediterranean to the present day.

Categories

Topics

Basic: GreeceGreek cultureGreek language & alphabet

Ancient thought/literature: TheogonyWorks And DaysTitansTitanomachyThe LibraryMount OlympusOlympiansHermetismDelphic MaximsArgonauticaOrphic & Homeric HymnsEpic cycle

Ancient religious traditions: amphidromiaiatromantislibationsorthopraxyvotive offerings

Ancient places, events: Athens & Agora & Acropolis & Parthenon & Democracy & Battle of SalamisSparta & Timocracy & Battle of ThermopylaeDelphi & Pythia & SibylThebesGreek templesancient persecution of HellenismGreek War of Independence

Ancient thinkers & ideas: Hermes TrismegistusThalesPythagorasEuclidArchimedesSocrates & Plato & AristotleAmmonius SaccasPlotinusHypatiaphilosophysciencelogicmathematicsliberal artsdramapoliticsRepublic

Great ancient leaders: PericlesLeonidasThemistoclesAlexander The Great

Great ancient playwrights: Sophocles

Great ancient sculptors: PolykleitosLysipposScopasPhidias

Modern reconstruction movement: Hellenism (religion)EllinaisHellenionSupreme Council of Ethnikoi Hellenes

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WikiProjects

Wikiprojects related to the Greece project

Classical Greece and RomePhilosophyScienceSpiritualityMythologyEgyptian religion (Hermes-Thoth) • Neopaganism (for those who mythology and hymns are new to)

Things to do

Make a wikiproject Hellenismos and a Hermetism portal. Make a wiki page explaining how to do 'selected articles/biographies, pictures.'

Add more info on texts, sects, calendar, rituals, prayers, relevant persons, culture including all the arts.

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Greece Wikinews     Greeks on Wikiquote     books about Greek     Greece-related     Hellenismos definitions     Hellenismos on Wikimedia Commons
Greece news Greek-related quotations language books Greece-related definitions audio, images etc.

  1. ^ Aristotle, Metaphysics Alpha, 983b18.
  2. ^ Russell, Bertrand (1945). The History of Western Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster. 
  3. ^ Singer, C. (2008). A Short History of Science to the 19th century. Streeter Press. p. 35. 
  4. ^ Needham, C. W. (1978). Cerebral Logic: Solving the Problem of Mind and Brain. Loose Leaf. p. 75. ISBN 039803754X. 
  5. ^ (Boyer 1991, "Ionia and the Pythagoreans" p. 43)
  6. ^ Aristotle, Metaphysics Alpha, 983b18.
  7. ^ Russell, Bertrand (1945). The History of Western Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster. 
  8. ^ Singer, C. (2008). A Short History of Science to the 19th century. Streeter Press. p. 35. 
  9. ^ Needham, C. W. (1978). Cerebral Logic: Solving the Problem of Mind and Brain. Loose Leaf. p. 75. ISBN 039803754X. 
  10. ^ (Boyer 1991, "Ionia and the Pythagoreans" p. 43)

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