Portal:Hampshire

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The Hampshire Portal

View over Portsmouth from Portsdown Hill
View over Portsmouth from Portsdown Hill
Hampshire outline map with UK.png

Hampshire (/ˈhæmpʃər/, /-ʃɪər/ (About this sound listen); abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom. The county town of Hampshire is Winchester, the former capital of England. After the metropolitan counties and Greater London, Hampshire is the most populous ceremonial county (1.84 million in 2017) in the United Kingdom. Its two largest settlements, Southampton and Portsmouth, are administered separately as unitary authorities and the rest of the area forms the administrative county, which is governed by Hampshire County Council.

First settled about 14,000 years ago, Hampshire's recorded history dates back to Roman times, when its capital was Winchester. When the Romans left Britain, the area was infiltrated by tribes from Scandinavia and mainland Europe, principally in the river valleys. The county was recorded in the 11th century Domesday Book, divided into 44 hundreds. From the 12th century, the ports grew in importance, fuelled by trade with the continent, wool and cloth manufacture in the county, and the fishing industry, and a shipbuilding industry was established. By the 16th century, the population of Southampton had outstripped that of Winchester. By the mid-19th century, with the county's population at 219,210 (double that at the beginning of the century) in more than 86,000 dwellings, agriculture was the principal industry (10 per cent of the county was still forest). Hampshire played a crucial military role in both World Wars. The Isle of Wight, previously included in Hampshire, became a separate county in 1974.

The county's geography is varied, with upland to 286 metres (938 ft) and mostly south-flowing rivers. There are areas of downland and marsh, and two national parks: the New Forest, shared with Wiltshire, and part of the South Downs, which together cover some 45 per cent of Hampshire. The county has a milder climate than most of Britain.

Hampshire is one of the most affluent counties in the country, with an unemployment rate lower than the national average, and its economy derived from major companies, maritime, agriculture and tourism. Tourist attractions include many seaside resorts, the national parks and the Southampton Boat Show. The county is known as the home of writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, the childhood home of Florence Nightingale and the birthplace of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

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Christchurch Priory, the longest Parish Church in the UK, seen from its extensive churchyard.

Christchurch (/ˈkrsɜːr/) is a town and borough on the south coast of England. The town adjoins Bournemouth in the west and the New Forest lies to the east. Historically in the county of Hampshire, it became part of the administrative county of Dorset in the 1974 reorganisation of local government. Covering an area of 19.5 square miles (51 km2), Christchurch had a 2013 population of 48,368, making it the fourth most populous town in Dorset, closely behind Weymouth which has a population of 54,539.

Founded in the 7th century at the confluence of the rivers Avon and Stour which flow into Christchurch Harbour, the town was originally named Twynham but became known as Christchurch following the construction of the priory in 1094. The town developed into an important trading port and was fortified in the 9th century. Further defences were added in the 12th century with the construction of a castle which was destroyed by the Parliamentarian Army during the English Civil War. During the 18th and 19th centuries smuggling flourished in Christchurch and became one of the town's most lucrative industries. The town was heavily fortified during Second World War as a precaution against an expected invasion and in 1940 an Airspeed factory was established on the town's airfield which manufactured aircraft for the Royal Air Force.

The town's harbour, beaches, nature reserves and historically important buildings have made Christchurch a popular tourist destination attracting some 1.5 million visitors a year. Bournemouth Airport, an international airport which handles approximately 800,000 passengers a year, is located within the borough boundary at Hurn. The airport's industrial park contains a number of aerospace and engineering businesses and is one of the largest employment sites in Dorset. Christchurch is a popular destination for retirees and has one of the oldest populations in the country with 30 per cent of residents aged over 65. Read more...

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Hobbs in Nottingham Forest kit, 2016

Jack Hobbs (born 18 August 1988) is an English professional footballer who plays as a defender for Championship club Bolton Wanderers.

A graduate of Lincoln City academy, he made a single appearance for the League Two club in 2004 before signing for Premier League club Liverpool. His playing time there was limited, so to gain first-team experience Liverpool loaned him out to Scunthorpe United and then to Leicester City. In 2009, he signed permanently with the latter and went on to make more than 100 appearances in the three seasons he spent with the club. After a stint with Hull City between 2011 and 2014, where he was also the club captain for the 2011–12 season, he joined Nottingham Forest. Though initially on loan, he later penned a two-year deal. His stint at the club was hampered by persistent injuries.

Hobbs has also been capped at the national youth level and made three appearances for England U19 in 2007. Read more...

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