Portal:Hamburg

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The Binnenalster at night
Coat of arms of Hamburg
Welcome to the
Hamburg Portal
Coat of arms of Hamburg
Welcome to the
Hamburg Portal

Introduction

Location of Hamburg

Hamburg, in German officially called Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg (Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg), is a city-state in northern Germany and the country's second largest city. The port city is located on the southern end of the Jutland Peninsula, directly between continental Central Europe to her south, Scandinavia to her north, the North Sea to her west, and the Baltic Sea to her east. Hamburg borders the German states of Schleswig-Holstein to the north and Lower Saxony to the south.

The Elbe river flows through the Port of Hamburg, which is the third-largest port in Europe. With a population of approximately 1.8 million people, it is the second-largest city in Germany and eighth largest city in the European Union. Hamburg has a total area of 755 km2 (292 sq mi).

Hamburg was an independent and sovereign state of the German Confederation (1815–66), a city-state the North German Confederation (1866–71), the German Empire (1871–1918) and during the period of the Weimar Republic (1919–33). In Nazi Germany Hamburg was a Gau from 1934 until 1945. After the Second World War, Hamburg was in the British Zone of Occupation and became a state of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949.

Selected article

Neuer Israelischer Tempel Poolstraße.

From about 1590 on there has been a Portuguese Jewish community in Hamburg, whose qehilla קהילה existed until its compulsory merger with the Ashkenazi congregation in July 1939. The first Sephardic settlers were Portuguese Marranos, who had fled from their own country under Philip II and Philip III, at first concealing their religion in their new place of residence.

In 1603 the aldermen ("Bürgerschaft") made complaints to the senate (city government) about the growing influx of Portuguese Jews. The senate asked the Lutheran theological faculties of Jena and Frankfort-on-the-Oder for their opinions in the matter, and in 1612, after many negotiations, it was agreed that, in consideration of a payment made for their protection, the Jews should be tolerated in the town as strangers, though they were not to be allowed to practise their religion publicly. This practice was not new in the city's policy, because also Reformed Dutch merchants and Anglican Britons (Merchant Adventurers of London) had negotiated similar toleration agreements with the senate. Thus the senate argued towards the aldermen, that the Sephardim were just another group of foreign merchants enhancing Hamburg's international commercial relations, emphasising their Portuguese nationality.

Hamburg Topics

Buildings: Castles (list) | Churches (list) | Railway stations (list) | U-Bahn stations (list)S-Bahn stations (list) | Laeiszhalle | …
Culture: Museums and theatres (list) | Hamburger Schule | ...
Education: Christianeum Hamburg | …
Geography: Areas: Altes Land | Harburg Hills | Port of Hamburg | Hamburg Wadden Sea National Park | Rivers: Alster | Bille | Elbe | Lakes: Binnenalster | Außenalster | Öjendorfer See | Timmermoor | Streets: Hafenstraße | Landungsbrücken | Reeperbahn | Subdivisions
History: Neuengamme concentration camp |…
Economy: Otto GmbH | …
Politics: Elections in Hamburg | Government: Coat of arms | Constitution | Flag | Police | ...
Religion: Lutheran | Portuguese Jews | Roman Catholic | ...
Sport: Events: Deutsches Derby | Fährhofer Stutenpreis | Hamburg Marathon | Hamburger Stutenpreis | International German Open | Vattenfall Cyclassics
Venues: Alsterdorfer Sporthalle | Am Rothenbaum | Color Line Arena | EVendi Arena | Volksparkstadion | Horner Rennbahn | Millerntor-Stadion | Sportplatz at Rothenbaum | Trabrennbahn Bahrenfeld
Clubs: Altonaer FC von 1893 | ASV Bergedorf 85Der Hamburger und Germania Ruder Club | Eimsbütteler TV | Hamburg Blue Angels | Hamburg Blue Devils | Hamburg Freezers | Hamburg SV | Hamburg Sea Devils | Hamburger Segel-ClubHSV Barmbek-Uhlenhorst | HSV Handball | FC Association 1893 Hamburg | FC Eintracht Altona | FC St. Georg | Norddeutscher Regatta Verein | FC Teutonia Ottensen  FC St. Pauli | SC Concordia | SC Victoria Hamburg | SV Lurup | ...
Transport: S-Bahn | U-Bahn | Hamburger Verkehrsverbund | Companies: AKN Eisenbahn | DB Regio | Eisenbahnen und Verkehrsbetriebe Elbe-Weser | Hamburger Hochbahn | Metronom Eisenbahngesellschaft

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Hamburg dock workers, around 1900

Dock workers in the Port of Hamburg, around 1900.

Photo credit: Johann Hamann

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Hamburg Rathaus

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Detail from the Hamburger Stadtrecht, c. 1479

Absolon Stumme (died 1499) was a Late Gothic painter from Northern Germany who worked in Hamburg.

Absolon Stumme married into the Bornemann family of artists, becoming the second stepfather of Hinrik Bornemann, who died the same year as he did. After their deaths the Hamburg Cathedral altarpiece, upon which they had been working, was finished by Wilm Dedeke. It is debated by 20th century art historians which of the two is recorded as the Master of the Hamburg cathedral altar. Both are also associated with the Master of the Lüneburg foot washing.

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